Cacareco (1954-1962) was a female black rhinoceros exhibited in Brazilian zoos. She became famous as a candidate for the 1958 São Paulo city council elections with the intention of protesting against political corruption. Electoral officials did not accept Cacareco's candidacy, but she eventually won 100,000 votes, more than any other party in that same election (which was also marked by rampant absenteeism). The term "voto Cacareco" (Cacareco vote) is commonly used to describe protest votes in Brazil. Cacareco's candidacy inspired the Rhinoceros Party of Canada, nominally led by the rhinoceros Cornelius the First.
Cacareco was born in 1954, at the Jardim Zoológico do Rio de Janeiro. She was daughter of rhinoceroses Britador and Terezinha. In 1958 she was loaned for three months, on the occasion of the opening of São Paulo Zoo. In that year there were elections being held for the city council. Journalist Itaboraí Martins, displeased with the candidates' level, proposed the name of Cacareco as a write-in candidate.
- de Carvalho, George (1959-10-19). Rhino horns in on a Brazilian election. LIFE. p. 54.
- "Cacareco the Rhinoceros". Museum of Hoaxes. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
- Rookmaaker, L. C.; Jones, Marvin L. (1998-01-01). The Rhinoceros in Captivity: A List of 2439 Rhinoceroses Kept from Roman Times to 1994. Kugler Publications. ISBN 9789051031348.
- "Folha de S.Paulo - Há 50 anos - 17/02/2008". www1.folha.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
- "Quando São Paulo elegeu um rinoceronte - Esquisitices - R7". noticias.r7.com. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
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