Aeroporto de Cachimbo
|Airport type||Military: Airport|
|Operator||Brazilian Air Force|
|Serves||Serra do Cachimbo|
|In use||1954 - present|
|Elevation AMSL||537 m / 1,762 ft|
Cachimbo Airport (ICAO: SBCC) is the military airport serving Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso, a large Testing and Training complex of the Brazilian Armed Forces located in Serra do Cachimbo (English: Smoking pipe Mountains), in the southern part of the state of Pará, Brazil.
It is operated by the Brazilian Air Force.
History and development
The Testing and Training Complex of Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso has an area of 21,588 km2 and a perimeter of 653 km. It is within the limits of four municipalities: Altamira, Itaituba, Jacareacanga and Novo Progresso, in an area comparable in size to the Brazilian state of Sergipe.
The airport and the complex have their origins in an airfield opened on September 3, 1950. With the end of World War II, the Brazilian government saw the need for a strategic support facility to the operation of aircraft flying between the Northern Region (location of the Amazon Rainforest) and the Southeast Region of Brazil (the locations of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo), flying on a straight route. Before the construction of the airfield, the link was only possible to be operated with safety following the longer coastline route. The airfield was officially commissioned on January 20, 1954.
In the 1970s studies were made in order to upgrade the facility to a Center for Testing Weapons and Training of the Brazilian Armed Forces, with the purpose of weapons development, bomb tests, experiments, training and maneuvers of national interest. Indeed, on March 7, 1983, the Campo de Testes do Cachimbo (English: Cachimbo Testing Range), subordinated to the Brazilian General Command for Aerospace Technology was created. On January 17, 1995, the name of the complex was changed to Campo de Provas Brigadeiro-do-Ar Haroldo Coimbra Velloso, it was named after the commander who set-up the whole infra-structure of the complex. The name was changed again on July 30, 1997 to Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso.
On August 18, 1979, its new renovated airfield was opened and given the name of Cachimbo Airport.
The apron of the airport is large enough for up to 20 small aircraft with full support and maintenance facilities.
One unit of the Amazon Surveillance System is also located at the airport.
Units, airlines and destinations
Because no units are permanently based at this facility, Cachimbo is a military airport operated by the Brazilian Air Force, not an Air Force Base. It is for exclusive military use and therefore no scheduled flights operate at this airport.
Accidents and incidents
On 29 September 2006, a damaged executive Embraer Legacy 600 performed an emergency landing at Cachimbo Airport, after having damaged the wing of a Gol Transportes Aéreos Boeing 737-800 operating flight 1907. The Boeing subsequently crashed in the jungle, killing all 154 people on board.
The airport is located approximately 15 km from highway BR-163.
- "Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force.
- "Brazilian Air Force Official Website" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force.
- "Campo de Provas Brigadeiro Velloso: Histórico" (in Portuguese). Força Aérea Brasileira. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Rocha Luzardo, Antonio José (December 2002). "Nova tecnologia para vigilância patrimonial da Amazônia" (in Portuguese). Revista da Unifa. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
- "Accident description N600XL and PR-GTD". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved May 13, 2011.