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For other uses, see Cachoeira (disambiguation).
Location in Bahia
Location in Bahia
Coordinates: 12°35′4″S 38°57′21″W / 12.58444°S 38.95583°W / -12.58444; -38.95583Coordinates: 12°35′4″S 38°57′21″W / 12.58444°S 38.95583°W / -12.58444; -38.95583
Country Brazil
State Bahia
Meso-region Metropolitana de Salvador
Micro-Region Santo Antônio de Jesus
 • Total 398.472 km2 (153.851 sq mi)
Population 2006
 • Total 31,966
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Demonym(s) cachoeirano
Postal code 44300-xxx
Area/distance code (00)55

Cachoeira (Portuguese, meaning the waterfall), is an inland municipality of Bahia, Brazil, on the Paraguaçu River. The town exports sugar, cotton and tobacco and is a thriving commercial and industrial centre.

The municipality contains 56% of the 10,074 hectares (24,890 acres) Baía do Iguape Marine Extractive Reserve, created in 2000.[1]


First settled by the Indians, it was later settled by the Portuguese families of Dias Adorno and Rodrigues Martins. It became known as Nossa Senhora do Rosário in 1674. It was a strategic area and was linked with the mining city of Salvador, the former colonial capital. It became a parish on December 27, 1693. It also became Vila de Nossa Senhora do Rosário do Porto da Cachoeira do Paraguaçu in 1698.

Sugar cane farming, gold mining on rio das Contas, increased traffic on royal streets, and navigation on the Rio Paraguaçu combined to boost the regional economy at the beginning of the 18th century. In early 1800, the Cachoeirense society became very important politically. It actively participated in the war of the Independence of Bahia.

The town became a city under the imperial decree of March 13, 1873 (Provincial Law 43).

Cachoeira is considered a national monument of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico Artístico e Nacional (IPHAN)

It is currently undergoing a bit of a tourist revival, and is a centre of candomblé.

Population history[edit]

Year Population Change Density
1890 12,607 - -
2004 31,071 - 77.98/km²
2006 31,966 - 80.22/km²

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ RESEX Marinha da Baía do Iguape (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-07-24 

This article incorporates a translation from the Portuguese Wikipedia

External links[edit]