Cactus, Texas

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Cactus, Texas
City of Cactus
Location of Cactus, Texas
Location of Cactus, Texas
Moore County Cactus.svg
Coordinates: 36°2′46″N 102°0′8″W / 36.04611°N 102.00222°W / 36.04611; -102.00222Coordinates: 36°2′46″N 102°0′8″W / 36.04611°N 102.00222°W / 36.04611; -102.00222
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyMoore
Government
 • TypeCommission-Manager
 • MayorSocorro Marquez
Area
 • Total2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Land2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation3,619 ft (1,103 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,179
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,245
 • Density1,522.76/sq mi (587.97/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79013
Area code806
FIPS code48-11692[4]
GNIS feature ID1353497[2]

Cactus is a city in Moore County, Texas, United States, located along U.S. Route 287. The population was 3,179 at the 2010 census.

"Cactus Texas", a song by Waylon Jennings, is a sketch of Cactus from years past.[5]

Geography[edit]

Cactus is located at 36°2′46″N 102°0′8″W / 36.04611°N 102.00222°W / 36.04611; -102.00222 (36.046124, –102.002251).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all land. Cactus is located 54 miles (87 km) north of Amarillo and 13 miles (21 km) north of Dumas.

Economy[edit]

JBS USA has a beef plant in Cactus.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970644
198089839.4%
19901,52970.3%
20002,53866.0%
20103,17925.3%
2019 (est.)3,245[3]2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 Census[edit]

Cactus racial composition[9]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 130 4.25%
Black or African American (NH) 362 11.84%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 3 0.1%
Asian (NH) 328 10.73%
Some Other Race (NH) 15 0.49%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 17 0.56%
Hispanic or Latino 2,202 72.03%
Total 3,057

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,057 people, 1,021 households, and 668 families residing in the city.

2010 Census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, 3,179 people, 801 households, and 650 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,558.1 people per square mile (601.7/km2). The 908 housing units averaged 445.0 per square mile (171.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.22% White, 1.01% African American, 2.8% Native American, 19.35% Asian, 24.41% from other races, and 3.84% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 74.08% of the population. 67.9% of the city identified themselves as being of Mexican origin and 16.4% identified themselves as being of Burmese origin.

Of the 801 households, 54.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were not families. About 9.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.97 and the average family size was 4.26.

In the city, the population was distributed as 37.34% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 3.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 127.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.4 males.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, 2,538 people, 660 households, and 570 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,243.9 people per square mile (480.4/km2). The 820 housing units averaged 401.9 per square mile (155.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 24.43% White, 0.55% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 71.24% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 96.10% of the population.

Of the 660 households, 67.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.5% were not families. About 8.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.85 and the average family size was 4.10.

In the city, the population was distributed as 42.7% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 10.3% from 45 to 64, and 2.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 118.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,611, and for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $21,384 versus $18,110 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,340. About 21.4% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The City of Cactus government is a commission-manager government with a mayor and five commissioners all elected from the city at-large, and a city manager appointed by the commission to serve as the administrative manager of the city.[12]

The current mayor is Socorro Marquez.[12]

Education[edit]

The City of Cactus is served by the Dumas Independent School District.

  • Cactus Elementary School
  • Dumas Intermediate School
  • Dumas Junior High School
  • Dumas High School

Tornado[edit]

On April 21, 2007, Cactus was hit by an EF2 tornado.[13] In all, 16 tornadoes were reported across the Texas Panhandle on that Saturday evening, including one in Tulia that damaged several businesses and injured three people, but Cactus suffered comparably greater damage. City and Moore County officials, including Cactus City Manager Jeff Jenkins, estimated about one-third of Cactus either was damaged or destroyed. The tornado injured 14 people, said Trooper Wayne Beighle of the Texas Department of Public Safety.[14] "I am shocked no one was killed," said Charles Morehead, a special projects manager for West Texas Gas. Morehead said the devastation in Cactus was akin to that which he saw in Higgins as a child. A tornado swept through the town, killing about 50 people on April 9, 1947. It remains the most destructive tornado in Texas Panhandle history.[14] The tornado was a mile wide when it struck the city of Cactus. Buildings were flattened, power was knocked out to thousands, and debris was scattered for miles after the tornado.[15]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Cactus has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cactus, Texas
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Cactus Texas". Archived from the original on 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2006-01-19.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "JBS". JBS USA. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  10. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  11. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  12. ^ a b "City of Cactus Officials | Dumas / Moore Chamber of Commerce". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  13. ^ "Details on the April 21 2007 Tornado Outbreak". Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  14. ^ a b "Cactus evacuees return home to damage | Lubbock Online | Lubbock Avalanche-Journal". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2013-05-03.
  15. ^ Globe-News, Henry Bargas / Amarillo (April 24, 2007). "All accounted for after Texas tornado". msnbc.com.
  16. ^ "Cactus, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[10][11]

External links and further reading[edit]