In golf, a caddie (or caddy) is the person who carries a player's bag and clubs, and gives the player advice and moral support.
The Scots word caddie or cawdy was derived in the 17th century from the French word cadet and originally meant a student military officer. It later came to refer to someone who did odd jobs. By the 19th century, it had come to mean someone who carried clubs for a golfer, or in its shortened form, cad, a man of disreputable behaviour.
The first recorded use of a caddie was in Edinburgh in 1681 by the future James II of England when taking part in the first international golf contest.[better source needed]
Caddies tend to be low paid, and usually get only a small share of prize money. At a professional level, they work as contractors to individual players but without guaranteed hours. In 2020, caddies on the PGA European Tour became eligible to earn bonuses through sponsors' logos on their gear.
In popular culture
Caddies have been depicted in television, films, and books, including:
- The Caddy, a 1953 musical comedy film starring Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis
- McAuslan in the Rough, a 1974 short story by George MacDonald Fraser in which a disreputable Scottish soldier caddies for his regimental sergeant major
- Caddyshack, a 1980 comedy film featuring Bill Murray
- Brown's Requiem, a 1981 crime novel by James Ellroy, who worked as a caddie while writing his first books
- The Legend of Bagger Vance, a 2000 film based on the 1995 book by Steven Pressfield, The Legend of Bagger Vance: A Novel of Golf and the Game of Life, features Vance as an angelic caddie.
- Loopers: The Caddie's Long Walk, a 2018 documentary narrated by Bill Murray
- ^ "caddie, noun". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- ^ "Caddie". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2019. Archived from the original on 25 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- ^ "The Strange Route from 'Cadet' to 'Cad'". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- ^ "Golfer's Land". Atlas Obscura. 13 March 2015.
- ^ "Why a Golf Caddie Group Set Up a Sponsorship Program for Its Members". Associations Now. 2020-01-15. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
- ^ Beall, Joel (23 January 2019). "Bill Murray narrates new film that explores the lives of caddies". Golf Digest. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- ^ Howell, Andy (15 February 2019). "Loopers: The Caddie's Long Walk". Film Threat. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- European Tour Caddies Association
- "Caddies making a comeback", The Seattle Times
- "Notes from the Caddieshack" - a McSweeney's Internet Tendency column about being a caddie in the Chicago suburbs