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A caddie plies his trade, 2007
Imaginative drawing by journalist Marguerite Martyn of a couple at the Forest Park Golf Course, Forest Road, Missouri, in 1914, while a caddie leans against a tree.
A golf caddie, 1790, by Lemuel Francis Abbott

In golf, a caddie (or caddy) is the person who carries a player's bag and clubs, and gives the player advice and moral support.


The Scots word caddie or cawdy was derived in the 17th century from the French word cadet and originally meant a student military officer. It later came to refer to someone who did odd jobs.[1][2] By the 19th century, it had come to mean someone who carried clubs for a golfer, or in its shortened form, cad, a man of disreputable behaviour.[3]


The first recorded use of a caddie was in Edinburgh in 1681 by the future James II of England when taking part in the first international golf contest.[4][better source needed]


Caddies tend to be low paid, and usually get only a small share of prize money. At a professional level, they work as contractors to individual players but without guaranteed hours. In 2020, caddies on the PGA European Tour became eligible to earn bonuses through sponsors' logos on their gear.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

Caddies have been depicted in television, films, and books, including:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "caddie, noun". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Caddie". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 2019. Archived from the original on 25 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  3. ^ "The Strange Route from 'Cadet' to 'Cad'". Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Golfer's Land". Atlas Obscura. 13 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Why a Golf Caddie Group Set Up a Sponsorship Program for Its Members". Associations Now. 2020-01-15. Retrieved 2020-01-15.
  6. ^ Beall, Joel (23 January 2019). "Bill Murray narrates new film that explores the lives of caddies". Golf Digest. Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ Howell, Andy (15 February 2019). "Loopers: The Caddie's Long Walk". Film Threat. Retrieved 25 February 2019.

External links[edit]