|Cultural origins||Early 1960s, Haiti|
Cadence rampa (Creole: kadans ranpa) or simply kadans, is a dance music and modern méringue popularized in the Caribbean by the virtuoso Haitian sax player Webert Sicot in the early 1960s. Cadence rampa was one of the sources of cadence-lypso. Cadence and Compas are two names for the same Haitian modern meringue.
Cadence rampa literally means rampart rhythm.
Webert Sicot left Nemours Jean-Baptiste compas band and called his music cadence to differentiate it from compas especially when he took it abroad, and so the rivalry between Sicot and Nemours created these names. Webert Sicot created a new rhythm cadence rampa to counter compas, but it was only in a spirit of competition. The rhythm of cadence rampa was identical to compas except for the addition of the second drum that sounded on every fourth beat.
The Sicot brothers, Maestro Webert Sicot and composer Raymond Sicot are well regarded in the Caribbean for their rigorous harmonic skills, introduced the meringue-cadence to the Caribbean, specifically the French Antilles of Martinique & Guadeloupe around 1962 where it spread to Dominica. From the 60s to the 70s, Dominica, Guadeloupe and Martinique were replete with cadence bands. A few of them were Selecta, La Perfecta, Les Aiglons, Grammacks, Exile One, Les Vikings de Guadeloupe, Abel Zenon et son combo, etc.
Cadence music is characterized by a constant up tempo rhythm, hence the name cadence. Its percussive aspect come from the drum (in particular, the steady one-beat bass drum), an accentuated use of cymbals and, to a lesser extent, the high hat plus a distinct beat of the cowbell, tok, to-tok, tok-tok-tok, and a conga drum beating a dash of méringue.
- Caribbean music
- Music of Haiti
- Music of Dominica
- Music of Guadeloupe
- Music of Martinique
- Manuel, Peter with Kenneth Bilby, Michael Largey (2006). Caribbean Currents: Caribbean Music from Rumba to Reggae. p. 161. ISBN 9781592134649. Retrieved 8 March 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Rabess, Gregory (2014). "Cadence-Lypso". In John Shepherd, David Horn (ed.). Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World. 9. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 96–9. ISBN 9781441132253. Genres: Caribbean and Latin America.
- Guilbault, Jocelyne (1993). Zouk: World Music in the West Indies. University of Chicago Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780226310428.
- Shepherd, John; Horn, David (24 April 2014). Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume 9: Genres Caribbean and Latin America. p. 414. ISBN 9781441132253. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Guilbault, Jocelyne (1993-11-15). Zouk: World Music in the West Indies. University of Chicago Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780226310411. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
- Jocelyne Guilbault, pages 82-83
- Jocelyne Guilbault pages 82-83
- Broughton, Simon; Ellingham, Mark; Trillo, Richard (1999). World Music: Latin & North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific. p. 294. ISBN 9781858286365. Retrieved 21 December 2014.