Cadillac Mountain

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Cadillac Mountain
Cadillac Mountain from Champlain Mountain - panoramio.jpg
Cadillac Mountain from Champlain Mountain
Highest point
Elevation1,527 ft (465 m)  NAVD 88[1]
Prominence1,527 ft (465 m) [1]
Coordinates44°21′05″N 68°13′35″W / 44.35127°N 68.22649°W / 44.35127; -68.22649Coordinates: 44°21′05″N 68°13′35″W / 44.35127°N 68.22649°W / 44.35127; -68.22649[2]
Geography
LocationHancock County, Maine, U.S.
Topo mapUSGS Seal Harbor
Climbing
Easiest routePaved road or marked hiking trails

Cadillac Mountain is located on Mount Desert Island, within Acadia National Park, in the U.S. state of Maine. With an elevation of 1,530 feet (466 meters), its summit is the highest point in Hancock County and the highest within 25 miles (40 km) of the shoreline of the North American continent between the Cape Breton Highlands, Nova Scotia and peaks in Mexico.[3] It is known as the first place in the U.S. to see the sunrise, although that is only true for a portion of the year.

History[edit]

Before being renamed in 1918, the mountain had been called Green Mountain. The new name honors the French explorer and adventurer Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac. In 1688, De la Mothe requested and received from the Governor of New France a parcel of land in an area known as Donaquec which included part of the Donaquec River (now the Union River) and the island of Mount Desert in the present-day U.S. state of Maine. Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, a shameless self-promoter who had already appropriated the "de la Mothe" portion of his name from a local nobleman in his native Picardy, thereafter referred to himself as Antoine de la Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, Donaquec, and Mount Desert.

From 1883 until 1893 the Green Mountain Cog Railway ran to the summit to take visitors to the Green Mountain Hotel.[4] The hotel burned down in 1895 and the cog train was sold and moved to the Mount Washington Cog Railway in New Hampshire.

Overview[edit]

Sunrise from summit

There are various hiking trails and a paved road that lead to the summit of Cadillac Mountain. Going to the summit to see the first sunrise in the U.S. is a common activity; however, Cadillac only experiences the first sunrise from October 7 through March 6. For a few weeks around the equinoxes, the sun rises first at West Quoddy Head in Lubec, Maine. During the remainder of spring and throughout summer, the sun rises first on Mars Hill, 150 miles (240 km) to the northeast.[5]

Frenchman Bay and Bar Harbor from Cadillac Mountain

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cadillac Mountain, Maine". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  2. ^ "Cadillac Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  3. ^ "Cadillac Mountain". U.S. National Park Service. 2004-10-28. Archived from the original on 2006-02-07. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
  4. ^ All Aboard for Yesterday! A Nostalgic History of Railroading in Maine. Camden: Down East. 1979. p. 23. ISBN 0-89272-053-0. OCLC 5844214.
  5. ^ Trotter, Bill (October 22, 2011). "Where in Maine does the sun rise first?". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 2018-08-14.

External links[edit]