Cadnam is a village situated in Hampshire, England, within the boundaries of the New Forest National Park. The village has existed since the medieval period, when it was (and still is) an important crossroads between Southampton and the towns of southeast Dorset.
The village is situated at the crossroads between the Romsey to Ringwood road (the A31 road) and the Southampton to Fordingbridge B3079. This makes it an important link between Southampton and the towns of Bournemouth and Poole via Ringwood and towns in Wiltshire via Fordingbridge. The A337 road links Cadnam with the small port at Lymington. The western end (Junction 1) of the M27 motorway is at Cadnam. Surrounding villages are Copythorne to the northeast, and Bartley to the southeast.
There are a number of pubs in Cadnam, including the White Hart (after White Hart), and The Sir John Barleycorn (after John Barleycorn). There is also a hotel, The Bartley Lodge Hotel, and a Methodist church. The village has a petrol station with a convenience store.
In the 13th century there was an estate at Cadnam and at nearby Winsor which belonged to the nuns of Amesbury, who in 1286 obtained a grant of free warren in both estates. It seems to have formed part of the manor of Wigley, and the rent of tenants at Cadnam was paid to Amesbury Abbey until the Dissolution. Land at Cadnam and Winsor was granted with the manor of Wigley to Edmund Vaughan in 1545. All of these lands subsequently became part of the Paultons estate.
The Cadnam Oak
The Cadnam Oak, at the south-east corner of a crossroads in Cadnam (grid reference ), is thought to be a "boundary tree" of the New Forest. Legend has it that the Cadnam Oak puts forth green leaves on Christmas Day, being leafless immediately before and after the day. The current tree is actually a descendent of the first Cadnam Oak, but the fame still continues. Popular tradition even has it that the tree only buds on Old Christmas Day on 6 January, refusing to acknowledge the Gregorian calendar change of 1752.
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