Inflammation can spread to other parts of the gut in patients with caecitis. The condition can also cause the cecum to become distended and can cut off its blood supply. This and other factors can result in necrosis and perforation of the bowel, which can cause peritonitis and sepsis. The mortality rate for caecitis can be as high as 50%, mostly because it is frequently associated with bowel perforation. Caecitis is diagnosed with a radiograph CT scan showing thickening of the cecum and "fat stranding".
Early diagnosis provided by a high index of suspicion and the use of CT scanning
Nonoperative treatment for uncomplicated cases
elective right hemicolectomy to prevent recurrence
"...The authors have found nonoperative treatment highly effective in patients who do not manifest signs of peritonitis, perforation, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, or clinical deterioration. Recurrent typhlitis was frequent after conservative therapy (recurrence rate, 67 percent), however."