Caer Caradoc

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Caer Caradoc Hill
Caer Caradoc - 2007-04-15.jpg
Caer Caradoc
Highest point
Elevation1,506 ft (459 m)
Prominence889 ft (271 m)
ListingMarilyn
Naming
Native nameCaer Caradog
Geography
LocationShropshire, England
Parent rangeShropshire Hills
OS gridSO477953
Topo mapOS Landranger 137, 138
Looking up towards Caer Caradoc from Church Stretton

Caer Caradoc (WelshCaer Caradog, the fort of Caradog) is a hill in the English county of Shropshire. It overlooks the town of Church Stretton and the village of All Stretton and offers panoramic views to the north towards the Wrekin, east to Wenlock Edge, and west over the nearby Long Mynd. On a clear day it is possible to see the hills of north-east Wales to the north, the high-rise buildings of Birmingham to the east, Worcester Beacon in the Malvern Hills to the south-east, and Hay Bluff in the Black Mountains and the peaks of the Brecon Beacons, to the south. Caer Caradoc is hill G/WB-006 in Summits on the Air. It is not to be confused with another hillfort of the same name 1 km west of Chapel Lawn near Bucknell.

Caer Caradoc rises sharply out of a narrow valley known as the Stretton Gap. It is the highest point on a high, narrow, northeast–southwest "whaleback ridge", sometimes called a hogsback ridge. The Wrekin is a very similarly shaped hill and on the same alignment, some 10 miles (16 km) to the north-east. Caer Caradoc can be fairly easily climbed from Church Stretton but the ascent/descent is steep; a more gentle climb is from the village of Cardington, which lies two miles (3 km) east. A good way of experiencing Caer Caradoc is via a linear walk and include the nearby summits of Ragleth Hill and the Lawley[1].

The hill is volcanic in origin, like the Wrekin and other hills, formed of narrow ridges of resistant Pre-Cambrian rock thrust upwards by movements deep down along the Church Stretton fault. This fault line runs from Staffordshire to South Wales and can be seen on Ordnance Survey maps as a line of springs on this hill.

Caer Caradoc cave, near the summit

The summit has an Ancient British Iron Age[2] or late Bronze Age hill fort. It is this which the hill is named after – Caer Caradog in Welsh meaning Caradog's fort. Local legend has it that this was the site of the Battle of Caer Caradoc, the last stand of Caractacus against the Roman legions during the Roman conquest of Britain, and that after the battle he hid in the cave near its summit. Others[who?] say his last stand was in the locality but that this was one of his fortresses.

Coordinates: 52°33′11″N 2°46′22″W / 52.55302°N 2.77279°W / 52.55302; -2.77279

References[edit]

  1. ^ photograph
  2. ^ Historic England. "Caer Caradoc large multivallate hillfort, associated causeway and Caractacus' Cave on the summit of Caer Caradoc Hill (1010723)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 April 2018.