Caerphilly County Borough

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Caerphilly County Borough
Bwrdeistref Sirol Caerffili
county borough
Location of Caerphilly County Borough
Coordinates: 51°39′22″N 3°10′59″W / 51.656°N 3.183°W / 51.656; -3.183Coordinates: 51°39′22″N 3°10′59″W / 51.656°N 3.183°W / 51.656; -3.183
Admin HQ Penallta
Government
 • Type Arms of Caerphilly County Borough Council
Caerphilly County Borough Council
 • Control Labour
 • MPs
Area
 • Total 278 km2 (107 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 18th
Population (2011)
 • Total 178,800
 • Rank Ranked 5th
 • Density 623/km2 (1,610/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 5th
 • Ethnicity 98.8% White
Welsh language
 • Rank Ranked 17th
 • Any skills 16.8%
Geocode 00PK (ONS)
W06000018 (GSS)
ISO 3166 code GB-CAY

Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili) is a county borough in southern Wales, straddling the ancient county boundary between Glamorgan and Monmouthshire.

Its main and largest town is Caerphilly. Other towns in the county borough are Bedwas, Risca, Ystrad Mynach, Newbridge, Blackwood, Bargoed, New Tredegar and Rhymney.

Geography[edit]

Caerphilly County Borough is in southeast Wales and straddles the border between the old counties of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. It is bordered by Cardiff to the southwest, Newport to the southeast, Torfaen to the east, Blaenau Gwent to the northeast, Powys to the north, Merthyr Tydfil to the northwest and Rhondda Cynon Taf to the west.[1]

The northern part of the borough is formed by the broad expanse of the Rhymney Valley. The Rhymney River rises in the hills in the north and flows southwards for about thirty miles, looping round to the east just to the north of Caerphilly, the largest town in the borough, before reaching the Bristol Channel. Some of the larger towns are Bedwas, Risca, Ystrad Mynach, Newbridge, Blackwood, Bargoed, New Tredegar and Rhymney. The valley also includes the communities of Abertysswg, Fochriw, Pontlottyn, Tir-Phil, New Tredegar, Aberbargoed, Rhymney and Ystrad Mynach, and the towns of Bargoed and Caerphilly.[1]

History[edit]

Located on the edge of the South Wales Coalfield this area was sparsely populated with livestock husbandry being the main occupation. Farmers in their remote farmhouses on the windswept pastures might dig themselves some bucketfuls of coal for their hearth. Things began to change with the development of the iron industry, the start of the Industrial Revolution. In 1752, a 99-year lease was granted for a parcel of land in the Rhymney Valley which gave the lessees the right to mine coal and iron ore. Other such transactions followed, pitshafts were dug and the coal industry developed.[2] By the beginning of the twentieth century, there were forty coalmines in the valley.[3]

One of the pits sunk in the late nineteenth century was the Elliot Colliery. At its peak before World War I, it was producing over a million tons of coal a year and employing nearly three thousand people. The coal eventually became depleted and the colliery closed in 1967. Most of the site was cleared but the East Winding House survives and is now a Grade II listed building, and a museum of the coal industry in the area has been opened on the site.[4] All the pits in the valley were closed by the end of the twentieth century; the spoil heaps were removed and the area was landscaped so that it is not now apparent that the valley ever had an industrial past.[3]

The county borough was formed on 1 April 1996 by the merger of the Rhymney Valley district of Mid Glamorgan with the Islwyn borough of Gwent.[5] In 2008, as a result of representations from different communities in the borough, a draft plant was put forward proposing various changes to the borders between communities.[6]

Government[edit]

In common with councils throughout the rest of the UK, Welsh councils are run by elected councillors. This region is governed by Caerphilly County Borough Council.[7]

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Concise Road Atlas: Britain. AA Publishing. 2015. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7495-7743-8. 
  2. ^ "The History of the Upper Rhymney Valley". Bute Town. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "The Rhymney Valley today". Bute Town. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "A History of Elliot Colliery". Winding House Project. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Local Government (Wales) Act 1994". The National Archives. legislation,gov.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Communities boundary review". Caerphilly County Borough Council. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "Official website". Caerphilly County Borough Council. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]