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Starr 061111-1568 Caesalpinia pulcherrima.jpg
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Caesalpinia
Type species
Caesalpinia brasiliensis

See text.


Biancaea Tod.
Brasilettia (DC.) Kuntze
Denisophytum R.Vig.
Poinciana L.
Ticanto Adans.[1]

Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Membership within the genus is controversial, with different publications including anywhere from 70 to 165 species, depending largely on the inclusion or exclusion of species alternately listed under genera such as Hoffmannseggia. It contains tropical or subtropical woody plants. The generic name honors the botanist, physician and philosopher Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603).[3]

The name Caesalpinaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]


Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers. Brazilwood (C. echinata) is the source of a historically important dye called brazilin and of the wood for violin bows. Guayacaú Negro (C. paraguariensis) is used for timber in several Latin American countries, especially Argentina and Paraguay. Commercially it is marketed as Argentinian Brown Ebony, mistakenly as Brazilian Ebony, and as a family group as Partidgewood. End use for this timber is typically high-end exotic hardwood flooring, cabinetry and turnings.

Caesalpinia pluviosa is being investigated as a possible antimalarial medication.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Caesalpinia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 
  2. ^ "Caesalpinia L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  3. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). The Names of Plants (4 ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3. 
  4. ^ a b "GRIN Species Records of Caesalpinia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  5. ^ "Subordinate Taxa of Caesalpinia L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  6. ^ "Caesalpinia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  7. ^ Kayano, Ana Carolina; Stefanie CP Lopes; Fernanda G Bueno; Elaine C Cabral; Wanessa C Souza-Neiras; Lucy M Yamauchi; Mary A Foglio; Marcos N Eberlin; João Carlos Mello; Fabio TM Costa (2011). "In vitro and in vivo assessment of the anti-malarial activity of Caesalpinia pluviosa". Malaria Journal. 10 (112). doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-112. PMC 3112450free to read. PMID 21535894. 

External links[edit]