From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Starr 061111-1568 Caesalpinia pulcherrima.jpg
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Caesalpinia
 Plum. ex L.
Type species
Caesalpinia brasiliensis

See text

  • Brasilettia (DC.) Kuntze 1891
  • Poinciana L.
  • Ticanto Adans. (see text)

Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. Historically, membership within the genus has been highly variable, with different publications including anywhere from 70 to 165 species, depending largely on the inclusion or exclusion of species alternately listed under genera such as Hoffmannseggia. It contains tropical or subtropical woody plants. The generic name honours the botanist, physician, and philosopher Andrea Cesalpino (1519–1603).[3]

The name Caesalpinaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.



Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers.


  1. ^ "Caesalpinia L." TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  2. ^ "Genus: Caesalpinia L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-04-03. Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2010-12-03.
  3. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). The Names of Plants (4th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3.

External links[edit]