|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||on the rocks|
|Standard drinkware||Highball glass|
|Commonly used ingredients||
|Preparation||Rim glass with celery salt, and a lime wedge.|
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A Caesar or Bloody Caesar is a cocktail created and primarily consumed in Canada. It typically contains vodka, a caesar mix (a blend of tomato juice and clam broth), hot sauce and Worcestershire sauce, and is served with ice in a large, celery salt-rimmed glass, typically garnished with a stalk of celery and wedge of lime. What distinguishes it from a Bloody Mary is the inclusion of clam broth. The cocktail may also be contrasted with the Michelada, which has similar flavouring ingredients but uses beer instead of vodka.
It was invented in Calgary, Alberta in 1969 by restaurateur Walter Chell to celebrate the opening of a new Italian restaurant in the city. It quickly became a popular mixed drink within Canada where over 350 million Caesars are consumed annually and it has inspired numerous variants. However, the drink remains virtually unknown elsewhere.
The Caesar was invented in 1969 by restaurant manager Walter Chell of the Calgary Inn (today the Westin Hotel) in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. He devised the cocktail after being tasked to create a signature drink for the Calgary Inn's new Italian restaurant. He mixed vodka with clam and tomato juice, Worcestershire sauce, and other spices, creating a drink similar to a Bloody Mary but with a uniquely spicy flavour.
Chell said his inspiration came from Italy. He recalled that in Venice, they served Spaghetti alle vongole, spaghetti with tomato sauce and clams. He reasoned that the mixture of clams and tomato sauce would make a good drink, and mashed clams to form a "nectar" that he mixed with other ingredients.
According to Chell's granddaughter, his Italian ancestry led him to call the drink a "Caesar". The longer name of "Bloody Caesar" is said to differentiate the drink from the Bloody Mary, but Chell said it was a regular patron at the bar who served as the inspiration. During the three months he spent working to perfect the drink, he had customers sample it and offer feedback. One regular customer, an Englishman, who often ordered the drink said one day "Walter, that's a damn good bloody Caesar".
Chell said the drink was an immediate hit with the restaurant's patrons, claiming it "took off like a rocket". Within five years of its introduction, the Caesar had become Calgary's most popular mixed drink. It spread throughout Western Canada, then to the east. Coinciding with its 40th anniversary, a petition was launched in 2009 in the hopes of having the Caesar named the nation's official mixed drink. In Calgary, Mayor Dave Bronconnier celebrated the drink's anniversary by declaring May 13, 2009 as Caesar Day in the city.
The Mott's company was independently developing Clamato, a mixture of clam and tomato juices, at the same time the Caesar was invented. Sales of Clamato were initially slow: Mott's sold only 500 cases of Clamato in 1970, but sales consistently increased after the company's distributors discovered Chell's drink. By 1994, 70% of Mott's Clamato sales in Canada were made to mix Caesars, while half of all Clamato sales were made in Western Canada. Motts claims that the Caesar is the most popular mixed drink in Canada, estimating that over 350 million Caesars are consumed every year.
Outside Canada, the Caesar is virtually unknown. In the United States, it is typically only available at bars along the Canada–United States border. Elsewhere, bartenders will frequently offer a Bloody Mary in its place. In Europe, the drink can be found wherever there are higher concentrations of Canadians. The drink's anonymity outside Canada has come in spite of concerted marketing efforts. Producers of clam-tomato juices have speculated that their beverages have been hampered by what they describe as the "clam barrier". They have found that consumers in the United States fear that there is too much clam in the beverages.
While Motts Clamato continues to be synonymous with the cocktail, other producers have begun offering alternative caesar mixes. Walter Caesar (named in honor of Chell) was launched in 2013 to offer an 'all natural' alternative to Clamato.  Walter Caesar also became the first caesar mix in Canada to be approved by Ocean Wise by using ocean-friendly clam juice from the North Atlantic. 
The Caesar is popular as a hangover "cure", though its effectiveness has been questioned. A study by the University of Toronto released in 1985 showed that drinking a Caesar when taking aspirin could help protect a person's stomach from the damage aspirin causes.
Preparation and variants
Basic preparation of a Caesar follows the "one, two, three, four" rule. The recipe calls for 1–1½ oz of vodka, two dashes of hot sauce, three dashes of salt and pepper, four dashes of Worcestershire sauce and topped with 4–6 oz of caesar mix and served with ice. The ingredients are poured into a glass rimmed with celery salt or a mixture of salt and pepper and garnished with a celery stalk and lime. The Caesar is an unusual drink in that it can be mixed in bulk and stored for a period of time before drinking.
Though it was not one of Chell's original ingredients, Tabasco sauce is a frequent addition, as is horseradish. Vodka is occasionally replaced with gin, tequila or rum, though the Clamato may not be substituted. A variant that replaces vodka with beer is commonly called a "Red Eye", and one without alcohol is a "Virgin Caesar". The Toronto Institute of Bartending operates a "Caesar School" in various locations across Canada that teaches bartenders how to mix several variants of the drink.
Mott's holds an annual "Best Caesar in Town" competition as part of the Prince Edward Island International Shellfish Festival. Contests held across Canada to celebrate the cocktail's 40th anniversary in 2009 encouraged variants that featured the glass rimmed with Tim Hortons coffee grinds, Caesars with maple syrup and Caesars with bacon-infused vodka.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caesar (cocktail).|
- "History of Clamato". Motts LLP. Retrieved 2014-01-24.
- "Calgary's Bloody Caesar hailed as nation's favourite cocktail". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Harrington, Paul; Moorhead, Laura (1998). Cocktail: The Drinks Bible for the 21st Century. Viking Penguin. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-670-88022-1.
- Naccarato, Michael (1994-05-11). "Bloody Caesar Canada's cocktail It was invented 25 years ago in Calgary and 'took off like a rocket'". Toronto Star. p. C3.
- Haeseker, Fred (1974-12-31). "Alberta drinkers take whisky first, vodka second". Calgary Herald. p. 26. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Graveland, Bill (2009-05-14). "We stand on guard -- for our favourite cocktail". Winnipeg Free Press. p. A2. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
- Doody, Kelly (2009-05-14). "Page Six". Calgary Sun. p. 6.
- Lazarus, George (1978-06-30). "Clamato and vodka: 'the best bloody drink in town'". Chicago Tribune. p. E9.
- Lau, Andree (2009-05-14). "Hail Caesar!". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2011-03-19.
- Remington, Robert (2009-05-13). "Spicy beverage still causing a stir". Calgary Herald. p. A1, A6.
- Byrne, Ciara (2009-03-12). "A Caesar celebration: Saucy Canadian cocktail hits the big 4-0". Fort Frances Times. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- Thompson, Stephanie (1998-01-19). "Brand builders: juicing Clamato sales - Motts USA does marketing research to boost Clamato sales". Brandweek. CBS Business Network. Retrieved 2011-03-26..
- "Cocktail Fans Build a Better Caesar...". Globe & Mail. 2016-07-11. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "Walter Caesar Now Ocean Wise Approved". 2016.
- "Bloody good hangover cure". Toronto Star. 2004-04-10. p. H13.
- Haggarty, Elizabeth (2011-01-18). "The two most effective ingredients to treat a hangover". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- "Take two drinks...". Windsor Star. 1985-10-23. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- "Alcohol and nutrition". Government of Ontario. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
- "Caesar School". Toronto Institute of Bartending. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
- "Mott's Clamato Best Caesar in Town Contest". Prince Edward Island International Shellfish Festival. Retrieved 2011-03-20.