Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act
The Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act is the name of several proposed bipartisan bills by the United States Congress to sanction the Syrian government. It intends to financially punish Bashar al-Assad and his associates as long as his regime is committing war crimes against the Syrian population.
The bill also targets individuals and businesses who provide funding or assistance to the president of Syria. A number of Syrian operated industries, including those related to infrastructure, military maintenance and energy production, would be targeted. Iranian and Russian entities are addressed for their governments' support of Assad in the Syrian Civil War. If passed by the Senate and signed into law by the President, the legislation would impose fresh sanctions on entities conducting business with the Syrian government and its military and intelligence agencies. It also aims to encourage negotiations by allowing the President to waive sanctions if the parties are engaged in meaningful negotiations and the violence against civilians has ceased.
Past versions of the bill included surveying the proposal of instituting no-fly zones over Syria.
Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019 (HR 31) has passed the House in January 22, 2019, and is currently in the Senate.
This version did not include investigating military means of protecting civilians. H.R. 31 was amended by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on June 3, 2019 to include congressional briefings by the President of military means meant to protect civilians, and obtaining data from organizations and countries in relation to Syria.
The Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2016 was a long-waited act drafted by the United States Congress by both Democrats and Republicans during a lame duck session sanctioning the Syrian government. On November 15, 2016, it passed the House unanimously as The Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act (HR 5732). This bipartisan legislation would have imposed new sanctions upon the Syrian government.
This version of legislation would also have required the U.S president to report to Congress on the prospects for a no-fly zone in Syria. The bill would have authorized the Secretary of State to support entities that are collecting and preserving evidence for the eventual prosecution of those who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria from March 2011 to the present, and would have required the President to report to Congress on the names of those who are responsible for or complicit in gross violations of human rights of the Syrian people.
- Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act
- Magnitsky Act
- Office of Foreign Assets Control
- Syria–European Union relations
- Syria–United States relations
- "H.R.31 - Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019". 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
- Rogin, Josh (July 14, 2016). "Congress launches Syria sanctions drive". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
- "Engel & Royce Syria Sanctions Bill Passes House - Committee on Foreign Affairs".
- "Congress Introduces Bipartisan Bill Increasing Sanctions on Syria". Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- "Bills in the 116th Congress: H.R. 31 Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019". National Cable Satellite Corporation. 2019.
- Cupp, SE; Meriden, Suzanne; Kinzinger, Adam; Boyle, Brendan (September 18, 2018). "In Syria, is the worst yet to come?". CNN.
- "Statements about H.R.31: Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019". Pro Publica. 2019.
- "Risch Commends Passage of Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act, Among Others, in Productive Business Meeting" (Press release). US Senate. May 22, 2019.
- "Menendez Lauds Committee Passage of Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act" (Press release). US Senate. May 22, 2019.
- Christianne Amanpour (March 12, 2019). "Amanpour". Caesar Discussion. CNN. Caesar Discussion.