Caesar von Hofacker

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Caesar von Hofacker
Hofacker.gif
Caesar von Hofacker
Born (1896-03-02)2 March 1896
Ludwigsburg, German Empire
Died 20 December 1944(1944-12-20) (aged 48)
Berlin, Plötzensee Prison
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Years of service 1914 - 1920
1939 - 1944
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Relations Eberhard von Hofacker
Other work jurist

Caesar von Hofacker (sometimes Cäsar[1]) (2 March 1896 – 20 December 1944) was a German Luftwaffe Lieutenant Colonel and member of the 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler.

Career[edit]

Hofacker was born in Ludwigsburg; his father Eberhard von Hofacker was a general in World War I.

Hofacker's main activity in relation to the events culminating in the attempted assassination of Hitler at the Wolf's Lair on 20 July 1944 consisted of acting as a secret liaison between his cousin and another plotter in occupied Paris, General Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, France's military governor, to whom he was personal adviser. Hofacker assessed the chances of the coup attempt as "only ten percent".[2] He had a point of introduction to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel as he considered his father something of a hero, having served under him in World War I.[3][4] He tried to draw him into the plot to rid Germany of Hitler, but although Rommel gave his backing to the conspiracy he did not agree that he should be killed.[5]

On 26 July 1944, Hofacker was arrested in Paris,taken to Berlin Gestapo headquarters where, according to William Shirer in "The Rise and Fall of the 3rd Reich", he was horrifically tortured and gave up the name of Erwin Rommel stating that Rommel said to "Tell the people in Berlin they can count on me".[6] This was support for the conspiracy to overthrow Hitler, not to kill him- but this made no difference to Hitler who ordered the forced suicide of Erwin Rommel and false hero's funeral.[7] The torture confession was taken down and Hofnacker was put on trial before the Volksgerichtshof. He was found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. He was hanged at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hofacker's memorial, using the umlaut spelling variant
  2. ^ Joachim Fest, Plotting Hitler's Death: The German Resistance to Hitler, 1933–1945, 1996, p. 362.
  3. ^ Caddick-Adams, Peter (2011). Monty and Rommel: Parallel Lives. Preface Publishing. ISBN 1-84809-152-4. 
  4. ^ Peter Hoffmann, The History of the German resistance, 1933-1945, McGill-Queen's Press, 1996, p. 354
  5. ^ William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Simon and Schuster, 1960, p. 1047.
  6. ^ William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Simon and Schuster, 1960, p. 1077.
  7. ^ William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, Simon and Schuster, 1960, p. 1078-1079.