Caesium dodecaborate

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Caesium dodecaborate
IUPAC name
Caesium dodecaborate
Molar mass 407.61.21 g/mol
Appearance Colourless solid
Melting point >650 °C
Solubility good in ethers
Main hazards flammable
Related compounds
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Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Caesium dodecaborate is an inorganic compound with the formula Cs2B12H12. It is a salt, with caesium cations and [B12H12]2− anions. This anion has been of great theoretical interest to the chemistry community.


The [B12H12]2− anion's B12 core is a regular icosahedron. The [B12H12]2− as a whole also has icosahedral molecular symmetry, and it belongs to the molecular point group Ih. Its icosahedral shape is consistent with the classification of this cage as "closo" in polyhedral skeletal electron pair theory.

Crystals of Cs2B12H12 feature Cs+ ions in contact with twelve hydrides provided by four B12H122−. The B-B bond distances are 178 pm, and the B-H distances are 112 pm.[1] Many other salts are known.[2]


The dodecaborate anion was first prepared in modest yield by Pitochelli and Hawthorne from iododecarborane.[3] It is more conventienly prepared in two steps from sodium borohydride. First the borohydride is converted into a triborate anion using the etherate of boron trifluoride:

4 NaBH4 + BF3 → NaB3H8 + 3 NaF + 4 H2

Pyrolysis of the triborate gives the twelve boron cluster as the sodium salt, which is then treated with caesium hydroxide to precipitate Cs2B12H12.[4]

Reactions and proposed applications[edit]

Salts of B12H122− have been investigated for boron neutron capture therapy and as fuels for airbags.[5]

Salts of B12H122− are precursors to related derivatives including B12(OH)122− and B12(CH3)122−. This closo boron hydride resists degradation more so than the isoelectronic carboranes.


  1. ^ Tiritiris, Ioannis; Schleid, Thomas; Müller, Klaus; Preetz, Wilhelm (2000). "Strukturelle Untersuchungen an Cs2[B12H12]". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 626 (2): 323–325. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1521-3749(200002)626:2<323::AID-ZAAC323>3.0.CO;2-Q. 
  2. ^ Tiritiris, Ioannis; Van, Nguyen-Duc; Schleid, Thomas (2004). "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of [Ni(H2O)6][B12H12]·6 H2O". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 630 (11): 1763. doi:10.1002/zaac.200470138. 
  3. ^ Anthony R. Pitochelli, Frederick M. Hawthorne "The Isolation of Icosahedral B12H122− Ion" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1960, volume 82, pp 3228–3229. doi:10.1021/ja01497a069
  4. ^ H. C. Miller, E. L. Muetterties "Borane Anions" Inorganic Syntheses, 1967, Volume 10, pp. 81-91. doi:10.1002/9780470132418.ch16
  5. ^ Sivaev, Igor B.; Bregadze, Vladimir I.; Sjöberg, Stefan (2002). "Chemistry of closo-Dodecaborate Anion [B12H12]2−: A Review". Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications. 67 (6): 679. doi:10.1135/cccc20020679.