Café de la Régence
The Café's masters included, but are not limited to:
- Paul Morphy
- François-André Danican Philidor (who often met with Benjamin Franklin)
- Legall de Kermeur (Philidor's teacher)
- Jules Arnous de Rivière
- Adolf Anderssen
- Samuel Rosenthal
- Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant
- Lionel Kieseritzky
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the founders of communism, met at the Café on 28 August 1844. The two had briefly encountered each other once before in 1842, but this second meeting was the one which began their friendship and lifelong collaboration.
It was opened as the Café de la Place du Palais-Royal near the Palais-Royal, Paris in 1681. By the 18th century it was known as the Café de la Régence ("Regency Café"). In 1852 the café moved temporarily to hôtel Dodun, 21 Rue de Richelieu. In 1854 the Café de la Régence moved to 161 Rue Saint-Honoré and remained there until it became a restaurant in 1910. The chess players moved to the café de l'Univers in 1916 and the Office national marocain du tourisme (National Moroccan Tourist Office) took over the site in 1918.
- The great tournament of Paris 1867, won by Ignatz von Kolisch above Szymon Winawer and Wilhelm Steinitz, was played there.
- La Société des Amateurs, was based here.
- In 1742, the celebrated French writers and philosophers, Diderot and Rousseau, met at this café
- Karl Marx met Frederich Engels at this café on 28 August 1844.
- According to the painter Oscar Parviainen, Jean Sibelius improvised the main theme, A Prayer to God, of the finale of his Third Symphony at Café de la Régence, in January 1906.
- The Norwegian painter Edvard Munch visited the café on 4 May 1885, during his first visit to France to study the French impressionists.
- Metzner, Paul: Crescendo of the Virtuoso, 1998.
- Ken Whyld: Chess Christmas. Moravian Chess, Olomouc 2006. ISBN 80-7189-559-8. S. 311 - 321
- "Historical Centre Wuppertal: Engels House (timeline of Engels' life)".
- XVIIIème siècle by Jean Goldzink
- Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich (1964-01-01). The Communist Manifesto. Pantheon Books.
- 2002, Metropoli Oy / Jeremias Ylirotu / www.metropoli.fi /. "Ainolan ensimmäiset vuodet 1904-1908". www.sibelius.fi. Retrieved 2016-05-11.
- Prideaux, Sue: Edvard Munch - Behind The Scream. Yale University Press, 2005, p27
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