A cafe church is a Christian church centered in cafés. These edifices are associated with alternative worship and the emerging church movements, and seek to find new forms and approaches to existing as a church in the 21st century. These churches are often focused on relationship aspects of Christian fellowship and outreach to their local community, and use the modern gathering place of a café in their ministry.
Cafe Church philosophy and planting churches
The cafe church can be viewed as an organically based philosophy for planting churches, centered around the idea of making the message of Christ's love relevant to the needs of the local community that the church seeks to serve.
The Alma Mount Hope Coffeehouse Church, of Alma, MI, says:
The goal of cafe church endeavors is to impact their local community with a message of God's love and the transforming power of Christ's love.
Depending on the leadership, some cafe church leaders will provide a clear doctrinal perspective, while others may be more open-minded and comfortable with members and visitors asking questions of speakers.
For example, One World Coffeehouse in Columbia, Maryland was founded by a church member who said, "I felt that our church needed an outreach effort ... and a way to express principles such as multiculturalism and acceptance of others different from yourself."
And the Glebe Café Church, in New South Wales, Australia states that:
"Café Church is a Glebe-based, non-traditional Christian faith community. We aim to provide an inclusive, accepting and welcoming space for everybody, no matter what their spiritual path. Café Church revolves around open discussion, creative expression and alternative approaches to worship. Our core values include hospitality, creativity, discipleship and social and environmental justice."
Coffeehouse cafes vs. coffee as a Christian fellowship event
Churches using the cafe as a model for their organization can take different forms. Some cafe churches maintain a permanent cafe or restaurant, which offers the local community a high-quality array of coffee, sandwiches, and food, and provides a venue where the members of the church fellowship meet. Church members may also volunteer their time to support the enterprise.
Other churches simply use the cafe model as a way to build community, facilitating variation within their normal service structure and within the confines of their building, by serving coffee after or during the service in a predesignated area, or holding a coffeehouse event.
Churches which operate coffeehouses and cafes
Ebenezer's Coffeehouse, in Washington, DC, operated by the National Community Church, is one example of a cafe church. Its website asks, "How much more comfortable can you get sipping a Chai in church?" This church is a multi-location church located at sites accessible by public transit, which links its indie music coffeehouse broadcasts to other locations via the Internet.
Also located in Washington is the Potters House, an outreach ministry of the Church of the Savior. Its website states, "We, the members of that church, asked ourselves, 'Would Jesus want to hang out with folks at a traditional institutional church? or would he want to hang out over a beer in a bar or coffee in a restaurant?' The resounding answer was the latter. We chose coffee over beer because of our support for the budding AA movement in 1960."
The Abbey is a ministry of the Episcopal Diocese of Alabama which opened in Birmingham's Avondale neighborhood in 2015. After operating as both a coffeeshop and worshiping congregation for over four years, the coffeehouse was closed in summer 2019. The Abbey continues to operate a six-day-a-week ministry with pay-as-you-can breakfast on weekdays and Sunday worship services.
An old congregation house of Oxford University, dating back to 1320, is home to The Vaults and Garden Cafe, operated by the University Church of St Mary the Virgin, which specializes in organically grown and locally sourced foods. The cafe serves the community by catering events, and donating funds. Another religious organization specializing in healthy food is the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, which runs a chain of vegetarian restaurants called Govinda's.
Café churches became more popular in the Christian community of South Korea around 2016, especially among younger Protestants, as an alternative to the traditional Korean megachurches' conservatism and perceived corruption.
History of church-sponsored coffeehouses and American folk music
Church-sponsored coffeehouses have a long history in the United States. For example, Nameless Coffeehouse has operated for over 50 years (since 1966) on the site of The First Parish Unitarian Universalist Church in Cambridge, MA. And fifty years ago, it was The Sacred Mushroom coffeehouse in Columbus, OH that hosted Phil Ochs; a local fan reminisced, "One of his first public performances as a solo artist was at the First Unitarian Universalist Church on Weisheimer Road, where he performed for a ladies luncheon," she said with a laugh ... "God only knows the songs he performed there." In fact, Unitarian Universalists are a denomination particularly known for sponsoring folk coffeehouses.
"The welcoming environment of Unitarian Universalist coffeehouses has provided an artistic haven for a variety of performers and helped launch the entertainment careers of folk musicians such as Pete Seeger and Arlo Guthrie.
Folk music is featured at The Old Ship Coffeehouse Off The Square, located in the parish house of Old Ship Church in Hingham, MA, (which is, incidentally, "the oldest English church in continuous use in America.") The First Congregational Church in Branford, CT sponsors the Branford Folk Coffeehouse, a monthly folk music concert series held in its auditorium.
- "Alma Mount Hope Coffeehouse Church". Alma Mount Hope Church. 2011. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Leslie, Jean (2011). "Church coffeehouse shares music, values". Outreach: A member finds inspiration and joy through a program that allows artists to share their sounds and faiths. The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Cafe Church – Who We Are – GlebeCafeChurch". 2011. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Western Reserve Conference of the Ohio Association United Church of Christ (2 June 2008). "Western Reserve Conference of the Ohio Association United Church of Christ". Netweaver. Western Reserve Association. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "National Community Church, Locations and Directions, Ebenezer's Coffeehouse". National Community Church. 2011. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Home, Potters House DC". Potters House. 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- MIller, Taylore (30 October 2019). "The Abbey". Magic City Religion. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- "Vaults & Garden Cafe". University Church of St. Mary's the Virgin. 2009. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Gosnell, Lynn (2011). "The coffeehouse church, Faith & Leadership". Leadership Education at Duke University. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Strother, Jason (8 May 2017). "The Rise of Cafe Churches in South Korea". The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 May 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Nameless Coffeehouse (2011). "about The nameless". Nameless Coffeehouse, est. 1966. Nameless Coffeehouse. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Chordas, Nick (15 February 2011). "'60s voice of protest had roots at OSU". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Ruehl, Kim (18 February 2011). "Unitarian Universalists – What do Unitarian Universalist Churches have to do with Folk Music". About.com Folk Music, Unitarian Universalist Churches. About.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Old Ship Coffeehouse Off The Square". Featured Coffeehouse of the Month. Boston Coffeehouse Association. 2011. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Old Ship Church, National Park Service Archived 24 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Branford Folk Music Society Home Page". Branford Folk Music Society. 2011. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Mom & Pop's Coffeehouse". Mom & Pop's Coffeehouse. 2011. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "GOOD FOLK COFFEEHOUSE". Good Folk Coffeehouse. 2011. Archived from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)