Cain Township, Fountain County, Indiana

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Cain Township
Township
Map highlighting Cain Township, Fountain County, Indiana.svg
Coordinates: 40°04′59″N 87°09′06″W / 40.08306°N 87.15167°W / 40.08306; -87.15167Coordinates: 40°04′59″N 87°09′06″W / 40.08306°N 87.15167°W / 40.08306; -87.15167
Country United States
State Indiana
County Fountain
Government
 • Type Indiana township
Area
 • Total 39.96 sq mi (103.5 km2)
 • Land 39.93 sq mi (103.4 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation[1] 728 ft (222 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,142
 • Density 28.6/sq mi (11.0/km2)
FIPS code 18-09748
GNIS feature ID 453152

Cain Township is one of eleven townships in Fountain County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,142 and it contained 488 housing units.[2]

History[edit]

Cain Township was one of the first townships to be established in the county; it was established on July 24, 1826.[3] At that time, much of the land was forested, but 100 years later most of the land was used for agriculture. There were also several grain and lumber mills along Coal Creek, but these also were gone by the early 20th century. The town of Hillsboro was laid out in the 1830s and still exists; the town of Rynear was established in the far northwest corner of the township, but was gone by the early 1900s. The township's population was 1,763 in 1880, 1,537 in 1900, and 1,403 in 1910.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 39.96 square miles (103.5 km2), of which 39.93 square miles (103.4 km2) (or 99.92%) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) (or 0.08%) is water.[2] There is a single settlement in the township: the town of Hillsboro, which has a population of about 500 (about half the township's total population). This lies at the intersection of the east–west U.S. Route 136[5] and the north–south Indiana State Road 341,[6] in the northern part of the township. Interstate 74 passes from east to west less than 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Hillsboro.[7] Indiana State Road 32 runs along a portion of the southern border of the township.[8]

Map of Cain Township

Cemeteries[edit]

The township contains three cemeteries. Rose Hill to the north and Spring Hill lie to the south of Hillsboro,[9][10] while Scotts Prairie is in the far southwest corner of the township.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  3. ^ Clifton 1913, p. 59.
  4. ^ Clifton 1913, pp. 188–189.
  5. ^ "U.S. Route 136". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  6. ^ "State Road 341". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Interstate 74". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  8. ^ "State Road 32". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  9. ^ "Rose Hill Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-09-05. 
  10. ^ "Spring Hill Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Scotts Prairie Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-09-05. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]