Cairo Governorate

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Cairo Governorate
Flag of Cairo Governorate
Official logo of Cairo Governorate
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatCairo (capital)
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez[1]
 • Total3,085 km2 (1,191 sq mi)
 (January 2018)
 • Total9,655,000[2]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2018)0.743[3]
high · 3rd
Websiteبوابة محافظة القاهرة
Historical population
1937 1,312,096—    
1947 2,090,654+59.3%
1957 2,877,195+37.6%
1966 4,220,000+46.7%
1976 5,084,463+20.5%
1986 6,052,836+19.0%
1996 6,800,991+12.4%
2006 7,902,085+16.2%
2014 9,102,232+15.2%
2018 9,655,000+6.1%

Cairo Governorate is the most populated of the governorates of Egypt. Its capital, the city of Cairo, is the national capital of Egypt, and is part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area. Because it is completely urbanized, the governorate is considered a city proper, and functions as a municipality.[citation needed] However, there are uninhabited desert areas.

Parts of the governorate were separated in April 2008 to form the Helwan Governorate, only to be reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate in April 2011.


The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate, but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[7]

Municipal divisions[edit]

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 9,570,441.[8][9]

Mosque in Al-Darb al-Ahmar District of Cairo, Egypt
Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
15 May City قسم 15 مايو Māyū 93,879 Kism (fully urban)
Abdeen قسم عابدين 'Ābidīn 40,450 Kism (fully urban)
El Darb El Ahmar قسم الدرب الأحمر Al-Darb Al-Aḥmar[10] 58,677 Kism (fully urban)
Ain Shams قسم عين شمس 'Ain Schams 616,374 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya قسم الاميريه Al-Amīriīah 153,046 Kism (fully urban)
Azbakeya قسم الأزبكية Al-Azbakiyah 19,826 Kism (fully urban)
El Basatin قسم البساتين Al-Basātīn 497,041 Kism (fully urban)
El Gamaliya قسم الجمالية Al-Jamāliyah 36,485 Kism (fully urban)
El Khalifa قسم الخليفة Al-Khalīfah 105,578 Kism (fully urban)
Maadi قسم المعادي Al-Ma'ādī 88,869 Kism (fully urban)
El Marg قسم المرج Al-Marj 801,222 Kism (fully urban)
El Masara قسم المعصره Al-Ma'ṣarah 270,907 Kism (fully urban)
El Matareya قسم المطرية Al-Maṭariyah 604,428 Kism (fully urban)
El Mokattam قسم المقطم Al-Muqaṭṭam 224,860 Kism (fully urban)
El Muski قسم الموسكي Al-Mūskī 16,715 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 1 قسم أول القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 1 136,271 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 2 قسم ثان القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 2 90,960 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 3 قسم ثالث القاهره الجديده Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 3 71,112 Kism (fully urban)
El Weili قسم الوايلي Al-Waylī 79,548 Kism (fully urban)
El Nozha قسم النزهة An-Nuzhah 231,987 Kism (fully urban)
El Sahel قسم الساحل Al-sahel 187,806 Kism (fully urban)
El Sharabiya قسم الشرابية Ash-Sharābiyah 187,806 Kism (fully urban)
El Shorouk قسم الشروق Ash-Shurūq 87,565 Kism (fully urban)
El Segil قسم الساحل As-Sāḥil 317,442 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam قسم أول السلام As-Salām 1 482,271 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam قسم ثان السلام As-Salām 2 154,267 Kism (fully urban)
El Sayeda Zeinab قسم السيدة زينب As-Sayyidah Zaynab 136,722 Kism (fully urban)
El Tebbin قسم التبين At-Tibbīn 72,276 Kism (fully urban)
El Zaher قسم الظاهر Aẓ-Ẓāhir 72,101 Kism (fully urban)
Zamalek قسم الزمالك Az-Zamālik 14,993 Kism (fully urban)
El Zawya El Hamra قسم الزاوية الحمراء Az-Zāwiyah al-Ḥamrā' 319,198 Kism (fully urban)
Zeitoun قسم الزيتون Az-Zaytūn 174,738 Kism (fully urban)
Bab El Sharia قسم باب الشعرية Bāb ash-Sha'riyah 46,823 Kism (fully urban)
Bulaq قسم بولاق Būlāq 48,301 Kism (fully urban)
Dar El Salam قسم دار السلام Dār as-Salām 527,335 Kism (fully urban)
Hada'iq El Qobbah قسم حدائق القبة Hada'iq al-Qubbah 317,092 Kism (fully urban)
Helwan قسم حلوان Ḥulwān 522,927 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 1 قسم مدينة نصر أول Madīnat an-Naṣr 1 636,864 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 2 قسم ثانى مدينه نصر Madīnat an-Naṣr 2 72,414 Kism (fully urban)
Badr City قسم مدينة بدر Madīnat Badr 31,398 Kism (fully urban)
Heliopolis قسم مصر الجديدة Miṣr al-Jādidah 134,549 Kism (fully urban)
Old Cairo قسم مصر القديمة Miṣr al-Qadīmah 251,125 Kism (fully urban)
Manshiyat Naser قسم منشأة ناصر Munsha'āt Nāṣr 259,205 Kism (fully urban)
Qasr El Nil قسم قصر النيل Qaṣr an-Nīl 10,596 Kism (fully urban)
Rod El Farag قسم روض الفرج Rūd al-Faraj 146,102 Kism (fully urban)
Shubra قسم شبرا Shubrā 76,942 Kism (fully urban)
Tura قسم طره Ṭurah 231,154 Kism (fully urban)


The former governor was Galal Saeed, who previously served as Minister of Transport under Kamal Ganzouri.[11]

On 30 August 2018, Khaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez was appointed governor of Cairo Governorate.[1]

Industrial zones[edit]

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[12]

  • Torah and Shaq Al Tho’ban
  • South Helwan
  • Katamia
  • Shaq Al Tho’ban
  • Al Robeky
  • Al Maasara
  • Division Maadi Company for Development and Reconstruction
  • Egypt-Ismailia. Road - Al Nozha District
  • El Salam City
  • El Marg District
  • El Sharabya District
  • (New urban community industrial zone) Badr City
  • (New urban community industrial zone) 15 May
  • (New urban community industrial zone) New Cairo
  • (New urban community industrial zone) Al Shrouk

Due to its congestion and overcrowded streets, Cairo is not attractive to investors. UN-Habitat is promoting alternative methods of transportation with the aim of relieving these issues.[13]

Projects and programs[edit]

In a program that began on 28 August 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Cairo Governorate.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population by governorate - CAPMAS". Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  4. ^ "EGYPT Administrative Division". 8 January 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  5. ^ United Nations 1960 Demographic Yearbook (PDF). United Nations. p. 289. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  6. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 115.
  7. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Cairo Governorates Subdivisions". Archived from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  10. ^ Wilton-Steer, Harry Johnstone, photography by Christopher (21 March 2018). "Alive with artisans: Cairo's al-Darb al-Ahmar district – a photo essay". The Guardian.
  11. ^ "New governors are mostly generals". Mada Masr. Archived from the original on 14 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Egypt-Urban Issues". UN-Habitat Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  14. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°02′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217