Cais do Sodré railway station

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Cais do Sodré Railway Station
Estação Ferroviária de Cais do Sodré
Bahnhof Lissabon Cais do Sodre.jpg
General information
TypeRailway Station
Architectural styleArt Deco
LocationLisboa
Town or cityLisbon
CountryPortugal
Coordinates38°42′21.5″N 9°08′39.3″W / 38.705972°N 9.144250°W / 38.705972; -9.144250Coordinates: 38°42′21.5″N 9°08′39.3″W / 38.705972°N 9.144250°W / 38.705972; -9.144250
OwnerPortuguese Republic
Technical details
MaterialMasonry
Design and construction
ArchitectNuno Teotónio Pereira
CP-Urb. L. + Soflusa + Fertagus

(Commuter rail and ferry services in the Lisbon metropolitan area)
Services:      Sado (CP+Soflusa)     Sintra (CP)
     Fertagus     Azambuja (CP)     Cascais (CP)


Azambuja
Praias do Sado-A
Espadanal da Azambuja
Praça do Quebedo
Vila Nova da Rainha
Setúbal
Carregado
Palmela
Castanheira do Ribatejo
Venda do Alcaide
Vila Franca de Xira
Pinhal Novo
Alhandra
Penteado
Alverca
Moita
Póvoa
Alhos Vedros
Santa Iria
Baixa da Banheira
Bobadela
Lavradio
Sacavém
Barreiro-A
Moscavide
Barreiro
Oriente
(Soflusa)
Braço de Prata
Terreiro do Paço
Santa Apolónia
Penalva
Marvila
Coina
Fogueteiro
Roma - Areeiro
Foros de Amora
Entrecampos
Corroios
Sete Rios
Pragal
Campolide
Benfica
Rossio
Santa Cruz-Damaia
Cais do Sodré
Reboleira
Santos
(z)
Alcântara-Terra
Alcântara-Mar
(c)
Amadora
Belém
Queluz - Belas
Algés
Monte Abraão
Cruz Quebrada
Massamá-Barcarena
Caxias
Agualva-Cacém
Paço de Arcos
Mira Sintra-Meleças
Santo Amaro
Rio de Mouro
Oeiras
Mercês
Carcavelos
Algueirão-Mem Martins
Parede
Portela de Sintra
São Pedro Estoril
Sintra
São João Estoril
Estoril
Cascais
Monte Estoril

Lines: a Alentejoc Cascaisz Cintura
n Norteo Oestes Sintrau Sul7 C. Sete Rios
(*) Campolide-A (‡) Alcântara overpass

Source: Official site, 2019.01
(station names according to source)

The Cais do Sodré Railway Station (Portuguese pronunciation: [kaiʃ du su'dɾɛ]) is an intermodal railway station in the civil parish of Misericórdia, in the municipality of Lisbon, serving as the terminus of the suburban route to the resort town Cascais.

History[edit]

A perspective of Cais do Sodré at the end of the 19th Century
A view of the front facade of Cais de Sodré station in 1936

In 1925, the company Sociedade Estoril elaborated a project for a station along the margin of the civil parish of São Paulo.[1]

The station was completed and inaugurated on 18 August 1928.[1]

In 1993, the metro station of Cais do Sodré was opened to link the railway station, a project of Nuno Teotónio Pereira, who was contracted in 1998 to remodel the site.[1] He was brought back in 2000, in order to construct the river terminal along the northern margin of the Tagus.[1]

On 4 August 1995, there was a proposal to classify the railway station by URBE.[1] A dispatch to begin the classification process was instituted on 20 OCtober 2004, by the vice-president of IPPAR, which was later amended on 24 August 2007 (to status of Imóvel de Interesse Público), and later, on 23 November 2011, Conselho Nacional de Cultura (National Council of Culture) proposed its classification as a Monumento de Interesse Público (Monument of Public Interest).[1] It ws on 30 January 2012, when the project was descively classified and its area of protection designated (Announcement 1216/2012, Diário da República, Série 2, 15).[1]

Architecture[edit]

The front facade of Cais de Sodré
The interior of the station between floors

It is an inter-modal exchange connecting the Lisbon Metro, rail-lines and river terminal centre, a complex situated at the Duque de Terceirasquare. The station is adjacent to the Lisbon Metro station (which is the terminus for the Metro's Green Line) and isolated along the northern margin of Tagus River, with ferry service to Cacilhas, Seixal and Montijo (the Transtejo & Soflusa service).

The station comprises a building with three bodies juxtapositioned in an "U" design, with the steel and tiled central hall covering the rail-lines that parallel the Tagus River and Avenida 24 de Julho. The main hall, that includes the vestibule ticket offices, is a rectangular body with terrace oriented to the northeast.[1] Its main facade is divided into three sections with the identical lateral bodies of smaller dimensions, with the central composed of five ample bodies on the first floor, decorated by extensive rectangular flaps supported by four corbels.[1] To the second floor, is an ample surface topped by depressed arch, decorated by small geometric elements in triangular forms.[1] The lateral bodies, that include one per floor are demarcated and separated by a panel of rectangular mosaics. Flanking the pans, are striated bronze columns that extend down to the bas-relief of the same material that finishes the span of the second floor. To finish off the facade, there is a paltibanda with cornice in a collapsed arch.[1]

Attached to the main building are two similar annex bodies with identical facades, consisting of two floors of simple rectangular spans decorated in intervals by geometric mosaic panels.[1] The northern rectangular body, covered in tile, has an extensive facade that parallels the public roadway. The eastern annex is an "L"-shape building with lateral facade oriented to the south that correspond to administrative services.[1] Juxtapositioned to the main body on either side are triangular spans with curved apex that resembles the decorative discourse of the main facades.[1]

The Art Deco design was by Porfírio Pardal Monteiro (1897-1957) and the Metro station is decorated with works by abstract artist António Dacosta, in addition to an underground waterfall.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Castro-Caldas, Luísa (2006). SIPA (ed.). "Estações Ferroviária, Fluvial e de Metro do Cais do Sodré (IPA.00007768/PT031106490550)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 22 September 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • Guia Urbanístico e Arquitectónico de Lisboa (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: AAP, 1987
  • Janeiro, Mª de Lurdes (1991), Arquitectura Modernista em Lisboa, 1925-1940 (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: CML
  • Fernandes, José Manuel (1995), Arquitectura Modernista em Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: INAPA
  • Plano Director Municipal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: CML, 1995
  • Caldas, João Vieira (1997), Pardal Monteiro - Arquitecto (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: AAP
  • Pacheco, Ana Assis (1998), Porfírio Pardal Monteiro, 1897-1957, A obra do Arquitecto (in Portuguese), UNL
  • Tostões, Ana; Grande, Nuno (2013), Nuno Teotónio Pereira. Nuno Portas Aveleda (in Portuguese), Verso da História