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Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
|Subdivisions||13 provinces and 127 districts|
|• Total||33,317.54 km2 (12,863.97 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||4,496 m (14,751 ft)|
|Population (the 2005 census)|
|• Density||41/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PE-CAJ|
Cajamarca (Spanish pronunciation: [kaxaˈmaɾka]; Quechua: Kashamarka; Aymara: Qajamarka) is a region in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. It is located at heights reaching 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, in total the largest in the world.
In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.
Cajamarca had long been one of the oldest cities in South America when the Spanish arrived in their conquest of Peru.
The Region is divided into 13 provinces.
- Cajabamba (Cajabamba)
- Cajamarca (Cajamarca)
- Celendín (Celendín)
- Chota (Chota)
- Contumazá (Contumazá)
- Cutervo (Cutervo)
- Hualgayoc (Bambamarca)
- Jaén (Jaén)
- San Ignacio (San Ignacio)
- San Marcos (San Marcos)
- San Miguel (San Miguel de Pallaques)
- San Pablo (San Pablo)
- Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Succhubamba)
Places of interest
- Maxima Acuña, winner of the 2016 Goldman Environmental Prize
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