Cajidiocan, Romblon

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Official seal of Cajidiocan
Map of Romblon with Cajidiocan highlighted
Map of Romblon with Cajidiocan highlighted
Cajidiocan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°22′N 122°41′E / 12.367°N 122.683°E / 12.367; 122.683Coordinates: 12°22′N 122°41′E / 12.367°N 122.683°E / 12.367; 122.683
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Province Romblon
District Lone district
Founded 1744 (as pueblo Sibuyan)
Reestablished 1 October 1946[1]
Barangays 14
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Nicasio M. Ramos(NP)[2]
 • Vice Mayor Mabini T. Maca (LP)[2]
 • Councilors Kenyo Rabino (NP)
Marvin Ramos (NP)
Constancio Gotanco(LP)
Richard Rotoni(NPC)
Herminio Mortel (NPC)
Jocelyn Rillera (NP)
Prescillano Rabino, Jr (LP)
Dely Male (NPC)
 • Total 201.85 km2 (77.93 sq mi)
Population (2010)[6]
 • Total 21,198
 • Density 110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 5512
IDD:area code 42

Cajidiocan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.


Early history[edit]

According to Miguel de Loarca's Relacion de Las Islas Filipinas, the Spaniards led by conquistador Martin de Goiti arrived on Sibuyan Island on 10 May 1570 from Panay. Hence, Cajidiocan, as well as the rest of Romblon, became part of the province of Panay. It was administered as a visita (barrio) of pueblo de Romblon, together with Visita de Azagra.[7]

In 1744, Pueblo de Sibuyan was founded by the Spaniards with Visita de Cajidiocan as its seat. It was one of the early pueblos established and administered as part of Capiz province, the others being Cabolutan, San Agustin (established in 1700), Looc, established in 1844, Romblon and Banton. Beginning in 1779, the friars ordered the construction of stone fortifications in these four pueblos as a defense against attacks from Muslim pirates. One of these forts was built in Bantay de Lubug, Cajidiocan.[7]

On 23 July 1843, the pueblo changed its name to Cajidiocan, derived from the word jidioc, which means "palm", an abundant tree in the area.[8][9] On 21 November of the same year, the locals were given Spanish surnames starting with the letter "R" as ordered by Spanish governor-general Narciso Claveria. In 1868, when the Spaniards elevated the entire Romblon archipelago into a provinces, Cajidiocan was one of seven pueblos retained.[7]

Modern history[edit]

When the Americans arrived in the Philippines and introduced civilian government in Romblon on 16 March 1901, Cajidiocan was one of 11 new municipalities created. However, when Romblon was abolished as a province on 15 July 1907 due to insufficient income, jurisdiction of the municipality was returned to Capiz, which would last until 1917, when Romblon was reinstated as a province.[7]

On 8 June 1940, by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 581 authored by Congressman Leonardo Festin, the special municipality of Sibuyan was created, with Cajidiocan as its seat and absorbing the neighboring municipalities of Magdiwang and San Fernando.[8][9] After World War II, on 1 October 1946,[1] this special municipality was abolished by Republic Act No. 38, sponsored by Congressman Modesto Formelleza, and reinstated Cajidiocan, Magdiwang, and San Fernando to its original municipality status.[7]

In 1958, Sibuyan's first government hospital, the Sibuyan District Hospital was established by virtue of Republic Act No. 2400, sponsored by Congressman Jose D. Moreno. On 18 June 1961, through Republic Act No. 3384, Cantagda was created into a separate barrio taken from barrio Danao. Meanwhile, on 17 June 1961 barrio Lumbang was split into two barrios of Lumbang Este and Lumbang Oeste with its old barrio Centro located at Barangay Lumbang Este, while sitios attached to Lumbang Oeste were the following: Pawala, Guinalan, Cansuyat, Agnaga and Hagimit.[7]

Former names and territorial changes[edit]

From Village/Barrio Town/Municipality/Pueblo Province
23 July 1843
9 March 1853*
11 January 1868**
16 March 1901***
15 July 1907
10 March 1917
8 June 1940
1 October 1946

As separate district from Capiz*
As fully pledged politico-military province**
As province with US civilian government***


Cajidiocan is located in the north-eastern portion of Sibuyan Island. To its west is the municipality of Magdiwang and to its south is the municipality of San Fernando. To its east lies Sibuyan Sea. It has a total land area of 201.85 km2. 60 percent of which is part of the Mount Guiting-Guiting Natural Park, a mountainous protected wildlife area composed of lush tropical rainforest surrounding the Mount Guiting-Guiting, Sibuyan's tallest mountain. It has narrow strips of flat land along the coast where much of the population is concentrated.[8][9]


Cajidiocan is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[5]

  • Alibagon
  • Cambajao
  • Cambalo
  • Cambijang
  • Cantagda
  • Danao
  • Gutivan
  • Lico
  • Lumbang Este
  • Lumbang Weste
  • Marigondon
  • Poblacion
  • Sugod
  • Taguilos


Population census of Cajidiocan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 4,464 —    
1918 8,429 +4.33%
1939 7,854 −0.34%
1948 8,966 +1.48%
1960 9,700 +0.66%
1970 12,030 +2.17%
1975 13,350 +2.11%
1980 14,292 +1.37%
1990 17,250 +1.90%
1995 17,511 +0.28%
2000 19,369 +2.19%
2007 21,292 +1.31%
2010 21,198 −0.16%
2015 21,861 +0.59%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

The locals speak a variant of the Romblomanon language, locally called Sibuyanon (Sibuyanon Cajidiocanon style).

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[14] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Period Mayor Vice Mayor
30 June 2004 - 30 June 2007
Athena Malapitan y Besas
Nicasio Ramos y Malayo
30 June 2007 - 30 June 2010
Nicasio Ramos y Malayo
Athena Malapitan y Besas
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013
Festo Galang y Riano
Mabini Maca y Tanosa
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016
Nicasio Ramos y Malayo
30 June 2016 - incumbent


Because of the abundance of palm trees in its coastal plains and its proximity to the sea, copra farming and fishing are the main sources of livelihood in Cajidiocan. Other livelihood and investment opportunities include agri-business, fish culture and processing, marble mining and processing, cut flower cultivation, cottage industries, garment manufacturing, banking, and tourism.[8]


The Romblon Electric Cooperative (ROMELCO) facilitates the power supply in the entire Sibuyan Island, including Cajidiocan. As for water supply, the town has a potable water system, which comes from jet pumps, open wells, artesian wells, and springs. A water irrigation project is also present in the municipality with 188 service areas. Landline and mobile telephone services are also available through PLDT, Smart Communications, and Globe Telecom.[8]


Cajidiocan is connected to its neighboring municipalities by the Sibuyan Circumferential Road. Common forms of transportation are light vehicles, including jeepneys, motorcycles, tricycles, and small trucks.[8]

To reach Cajidiocan, visitors can take a RORO ferry from Manila or Batangas City to Ambulong Port in Magdiwang. From there, there are jeepneys that can take visitors to Cajidiocan. Another route is by air, either through Fil-Asian Airways, which offers four weekly flights, or through SkyJet, which offers charter flights from Manila to Tugdan Airport in Alcantara, Romblon. From Alcantara, visitors can travel by jeepney to San Agustin, Romblon, where motorized boats can bring them to Ambulong Port.[8][15]


Cajidiocan has a lot of eco-tourism potential due to its lush natural environment and pristine rivers and falls.[8][9]

  • Cawa-cawa Falls: A kettle-shaped pool carved from solid rock by the cascading waters is and teems with native river shrimp. It is located deep within the forest of Lumbang Este.
  • Alibagon Beach: A small crescent of white sandy beach ideal for swimming and picnic, sail boating, and mountain hiking.
  • Little Baguio Falls: Take a break from outside pressure and feel the crash of the crystal clear, cool water from the waterfalls, surrounded by boulders and trees which provides shades to visitors. It is about four kilometers from Poblacion.


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Partial, Unofficial Results: 2013 Elections". Rappler. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "History of Cajidiocan, Romblon". Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: Cajidiocan". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Cajidiocan, Romblon". The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Romblon. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  12. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "How to Get to Romblon". Lakas ng Trip. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 

External links[edit]