Calabasas, California

Coordinates: 34°8′18″N 118°39′39″W / 34.13833°N 118.66083°W / 34.13833; -118.66083
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Calabasas, California
City of Calabasas
Clockwise: Aerial view of Calabasas looking northwest; Leonis Adobe; The Commons at Calabasas; Mulholland Highway; The Commons
Flag of Calabasas, California
Official seal of Calabasas, California
Location of Calabasas in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Calabasas in Los Angeles County, California
Calabasas is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Location in Los Angeles metropolitan area
Calabasas is located in California
Location in California
Calabasas is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Calabasas is located in North America
Calabasas (North America)
Coordinates: 34°8′18″N 118°39′39″W / 34.13833°N 118.66083°W / 34.13833; -118.66083
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
IncorporatedApril 5, 1991[1]
Named forSpanish calabazas "winter squashes"
 • TypeCouncil–manager[2]
 • MayorAlicia Weintraub
 • Mayor pro temPeter Kraut
 • City councilEd Albrecht
James R. Bozajian
David J. Shapiro
 • City managerKindon Meik
 • Total13.74 sq mi (35.59 km2)
 • Land13.71 sq mi (35.50 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)  0.38%
Elevation928 ft (283 m)
 • Total23,241
 • Density1,695.43/sq mi (654.63/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
91301, 91302 [5]
Area code747 and 818[6]
FIPS code06-09598
GNIS feature IDs239994, 2409955

Calabasas is a city in the southwestern region of the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles County, California, United States.[7] Situated between the foothills of the Santa Monica and Santa Susana mountains, 29.9 miles (48.1 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles, Calabasas has a population of 22,491 (as of July 1, 2022).[8]

Name and emblem[edit]

The name Calabasas is a variant spelling of the Spanish word calabazas, meaning "winter squashes" (the area abounds in wild squashes). The Spanish botanist Jose Longinos Martinez recorded Las Calabazas as a place name in 1792.[9]

The city's official emblem depicts a red-tailed hawk soaring over mountains.[10]


Centuries ago, Chumash Native Americans lived in the area that is now Calabasas. Spanish explorers were the first Europeans to arrive in the area. In 1770, an expedition headed by Gaspar de Portolá crossed through the area on their return southward to Mexico after venturing into Northern California. In 1776, another party of explorers led by Juan Bautista de Anza camped there on their way northward from Mexico.[11]

Calabasas was the name given to a ranchería in the Los Angeles area in 1795. The Leonis Adobe, in Old Town Calabasas, dates back to 1844 and is one of the oldest surviving buildings in greater Los Angeles.[12][13] The city was incorporated on April 5, 1991, making it the newest city in Los Angeles County.[14]


Calabasas is situated in the southwestern region of the San Fernando Valley, between the foothills of the Santa Monica and Santa Susana mountains.[7] It is 29.9 miles (48.1 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles (via US 101). The city is bordered by the Woodland Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles to the northeast, Topanga to the east, Malibu to the south, Agoura Hills to the west, and Hidden Hills to the north. The commemorative El Camino Real runs east–west through Calabasas as the Ventura Freeway (US 101).

By 2015, several annexations had increased the city's total land area to 13.6 square miles (35 km2).[15]

One of the oldest neighborhoods in Calabasas is Park Moderne, or the "Bird Streets". A former artists' colony, remnants remain of the club house, pool, and cabins scattered across streets with bird names, such as Meadow Lark, Blackbird, Bluebird, and Hummingbird located right behind Calabasas High School.[16]


Calabasas has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with mild, relatively wet winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Calabasas, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 69
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 46
Record low °F (°C) 27
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
Source 1:[17]
Source 2:[18]


Below is a list of residential communities within Calabasas. They are organized by the street they are connected to.

  • From Parkway Calabasas:
    • Calabasas Hills, Calabasas Park Estates, Westridge, Vista Point, The Oaks.
  • From Valley Circle/Mulholland:
    • Mulholland Heights, Mulwood, Las Villas, Bellagio, The Ridge, Creekside, Clairidge, Calabasas Country Estates, Calabasas Highlands, Mountain Park, Abercrombie Ranch Estates,[19] Cold Creek, and Park Moderne.[20]
  • From Las Virgenes:
    • Mountain View Estates, Monte Nido, Deer Springs, Stone Creek, El Encanto, Mont Calabasas, Malibu Canyon Park, The Colony at Calabasas, and Avalon Calabasas (formerly Archstone Calabasas).
  • From Lost Hills Road
    • Calabasas View, Saratoga Hills, Saratoga Ranch, Deer Springs, and Steeplechase.

Mont Calabasas, a community on Las Virgenes Road, was annexed into the city of Calabasas in 2011. Prior to annexation, the neighborhood was located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County.


Historical population
2023 (est.)22,808[21]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[22]


The 2010 United States Census[23] reported Calabasas to have a population of 23,058. The population density was 1,780.4 inhabitants per square mile (687.4/km2).

The Census reported that 23,049 people lived in households, 9 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and none were institutionalized. Of 8,543 households, 3,320 (38.9%) had children under the age of 18 living at home, 5,124 (60.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 942 (11.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 315 (3.7%) had a male householder with no wife present, 310 (3.6%) were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 31 (0.4%) were same-sex married couples or partnerships. About 1,624 households (19.0%) were made up of individuals, and 525 (6.1%) consisted of someone living alone who was age 65 or older. The average household size was 2.70. There were 6,381 families (74.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.11.

The population consisted of 5,841 people (25.3%) under age 18, 1,875 people (8.1%) age 18 to 24, 5,025 people (21.8%) age 25 to 44, 7,414 people (32.2%) age 45 to 64, and 2,903 people (12.6%) age 65 or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males age 18 and over.

The 8,878 housing units averaged 685.5 per square mile (264.7/km2), of which 6,287 (73.6%) were owner-occupied, and 2,256 (26.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. Around 17,769 people (77.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,280 people (22.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Calabasas had a median household income of $124,583, with 6.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[24]


As of 2005, 23,123 people, 8,350 households, and 5,544 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,528.8 inhabitants per square mile (590.3 inhabitants/km2). The 8,350 housing units averaged 566.7 per square mile (218.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.92% White (including a large Iranian community and people of Jewish faith or ancestry), 2.18% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 7.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. About 4.74% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Of 8,350 households, 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living at home, 64.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were not families. About 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.1% had someone living alone who was age 65 or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.14.

The population consisted of 28.6% under age 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% age 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $104,935, and for a family was $122,482.[25] Males had a median income of $87,049 versus $46,403 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,189. About 2.1% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

Russian and German were the most common ancestries. Iran and Canada were the most common foreign places of birth.[26]


The Commons at Calabasas shopping center
Headquarters of The Cheesecake Factory

The corporate headquarters of Harbor Freight Tools, The Cheesecake Factory, and DTS Inc. are located in Calabasas. Calabasas is also known as one of the wealthiest cities in the United States.[27]

Top employers[edit]

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[28] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Harbor Freight Tools 835
2 Las Virgenes Unified School District 735
3 The Cheesecake Factory 610
4 Viewpoint School 305
5 Keysight Technologies 273
6 Alcatel Internetworking, Inc. 159
7 BrightView 159
8 Bob Smith BMW & Mini 158
9 All Motorists Ins Agency 157
10 Xperi 149

Technology center[edit]

During the dot-com bubble, a number of technology companies were located on a stretch of Agoura Rd. parallel to the US 101 Freeway, leading that area of Calabasas to develop a reputation as the "101 Technology Corridor". These businesses included several computer-networking companies Xylan (later Alcatel-Lucent), Netcom Systems (later Spirent Communications), Ixia Communications, j2 Global Communications, Tekelec, and software company Digital Insight.[29] Although some of these companies have since relocated, been acquired, or ceased operations, the area continues to be home to a significant technology presence.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual events[edit]

The city sponsors many annual events including:

Weekly events[edit]

The Calabasas Farmers Market is held every Saturday from 8:00am to 1:00pm at 23504 Calabasas Road.[35]


Claretville of Calabasas / King Gillette Ranch[edit]

King Gillette Ranch, main residence courtyard, designed by Wallace Neff in the Spanish Colonial Revival architecture style in the 1920s
Leonis Adobe in Old Town Calabasas

The Claretians (The Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome, or The Claretian Order) of the Catholic Church had come to Southern California by way of Mexico in the early 1900s, working in Los Angeles inner-city missions. From 1952 to 1977, they operated the Theological Seminary of Claretville and the Immaculate Heart Claretian Novitiate on the former Gillette Estate, which they renamed Claretville.[36] Thomas Aquinas College rented the Claretville campus from the Claretians from 1971 to 1978. When the Claretians sold their Claretville property in 1978 to Clare Prophet and her Church Universal and Triumphant, Thomas Aquinas College[37] began construction on a permanent campus in Santa Paula, California.[38] The Gillette Estate/Claretville property is known as the King Gillette Ranch and is part of Malibu Creek State Park.[13] The land and historic structures by architect Wallace Neff are at the intersection of Mulholland Highway and Las Virgenes Road in unincorporated Calabasas.[39][40]

Hindu temple[edit]

The Malibu Hindu Temple, located on Las Virgenes Road in unincorporated Calabasas, is visited by many Hindus and others from both in and outside California. The Hindu Temple Society of Southern California was incorporated in the State of California as a nonprofit religious organization on August 18, 1977.[41][13]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The City of Calabasas Community Services Department operates a number of facilities.

These include:

  • Calabasas Senior Center: 300 Civic Center Way
  • Calabasas Tennis and Swim Center: 23400 Park Sorrento
  • Calabasas Klubhouse and Creekside Park: 3655 Old Topanga Canyon Road
  • Juan Bautista de Anza Park: 3701 Lost Hills Road
  • Grape Arbor Park: 5100 Parkville Road
  • Gates Canyon Park and Brandon's Village: 25801 Thousand Oaks Blvd [42]
  • Wild Walnut Park: 23050 Mulholland Highway
  • Highlands Park: 23581 Summit Drive

Brandon's Village is a public playground located at Gates Canyon Park in Calabasas. It serves over 5,000 special needs children from Calabasas and surrounding communities. Designed by Shane's Inspiration, a nonprofit organization that designs and builds universally accessible playgrounds, Brandon's Village is about 1 acre (4,000 m2) in size. Its playground equipment is over 70% independently playable by children with disabilities, and also provides meaningful and stimulating play opportunities for children without disabilities.[43]

Grape Arbor Park is a small park and green space situated on Lost Road Hills off Ventura Freeway in Calabasas, and serves the surrounding residential area. The park includes a baseball diamond, tennis court, sand volleyball court, playground, and picnic tables. In 2018, the park was damaged during the Woolsey Fire, with playground equipment, landscaping, and irrigation needing repair. The park was renovated by the city, with reconstruction being completed in 2020.[44][45]

Calabasas Bark Park is a small dog park with a grass space and separated gated children's area with water fountains. The park is also connected to a small maintained hiking trail.[46][47]

Wild Walnut Park is an outdoor preserve located along Mulholland Highway in Calabasas. The park features walking paths and picnic benches. In 2020, a portion of the park was approved to be used as a dog park.[48][49][50]


City policies are enacted by a five-member city council. Council members serve overlapping four-year terms and are elected at-large, on a non-partisan basis. Each year, the council selects one of its members to act as mayor and preside over city council meetings; a mayor pro tempore is also selected at this time, to serve for one year, concurrent to the mayoral term. While the mayor has additional responsibilities/duties, the mayor is not vested with any additional administrative authority.[51]

The City of Calabasas uses a council-manager model of local government. The city council is primarily responsible for legislative, financial, and political matters, while an appointed city manager serves as the city's chief executive. The city manager is primarily responsible for managing day-to-day operations and providing general oversight. The city manager is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the city council.[52]

Federal and State Representation[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Calabasas is in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Allen, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jacqui Irwin.[53]

In the United States House of Representatives, Calabasas is in California's 26th congressional district, represented by Democrat Julia Brownley.[54]

Environmental stewardship[edit]

In 2005, Calabasas voters overwhelmingly passed Measure D. The ordinance protects and preserves existing areas of open space in Calabasas by requiring two-thirds voter approval before any land in the city designated as open space may be redesignated for another use.[55]

In 2007, the Calabasas City Council adopted Ordinance 2007–233, banning retail food establishments, nonprofit food providers, and city facilities from using food-packaging materials made of expanded polystyrene (Styrofoam).[56] The ordinance requires food-service establishments in Calabasas to use environmentally acceptable packaging starting March 31, 2008, and to report ongoing compliance with this ordinance on the first business day of each calendar year.

In 2011, the City Council passed Ordinance 2011-282 which banned grocery stores, convenience stores (minimarts), liquor stores, drug stores, and pharmacies from furnishing single-use plastic carryout bags. The ordinance also requires that if those businesses furnish paper carryout bags, they must charge customers 10 cents per bag.

Second-hand smoke ordinance[edit]

In February 2006, Calabasas enacted the Comprehensive Second-Hand Smoke Control Ordinance that prohibits smoking in all public places in the City of Calabasas where other persons may be exposed to second-hand smoke.[57] These places include indoor and outdoor businesses, hotels, parks, apartment common areas, restaurants, and bars where people can be reasonably expected to congregate or meet. Under the law, smoking outdoors in public areas within the city is restricted to select "designated smoking areas". The law went into effect on March 16, 2006, garnering much local and national media attention. The full text of the ordinance may be found at Calabasas' official website.[58] The ordinance was expanded in early 2008, requiring 80% of rental apartment buildings to be permanently designated as non-smoking units by January 1, 2012.


Calabasas residents are zoned to schools in the Las Virgenes Unified School District. The district also serves the nearby communities of Agoura Hills, Bell Canyon, and Hidden Hills, and certain smaller areas. Calabasas High School is a part of the district.

In January 2004, Alice C. Stelle Middle School, located at the corner of Mulholland Highway and Paul Revere Road, was opened to serve the eastern half of the city. The western half is served by Arthur E. Wright Middle School, located on Las Virgenes Road, which prior to 2004, was the city's only middle school.

Calabasas is also home to Chaparral, Round Meadow, Lupin Hill, and Bay Laurel public elementary schools, which are part of the Las Virgenes Unified School District, as well as the private Viewpoint School.[59]


Public services[edit]

Calabasas funds its own public transportation in the form of a shuttle and trolley service.[60] It augments the service provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority[61] and funds its own municipal library (as opposed to participating in the Los Angeles County library system), runs the Calabasas Tennis and Swim Center, Creekside Klubhouse, public parks, and has a protected and maintained historical district called "Old Town Calabasas".[62]

Calabasas has two branches of the United States Postal Service located in Suite 10 at 4774 Park Granada, and at the Malibu Shell Post Office at 4807 Las Virgenes Road.[63][64]

The City of Calabasas contracts with the County of Los Angeles to provide emergency services.:

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department operates the Malibu/Lost Hills Station at 27050 Agoura Road in Calabasas.[65][66]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides medical and fire suppression services to Calabasas. LACFD operates two stations in the City of Calabasas located at 5215 Las Virgines Road, and 24130 Calabasas Road.

In popular culture[edit]

Calabasas Park Golf Club sits where Warner Bros. Ranch was located.[67] Films shot there include Showboat (1951), High Noon (1952), Calamity Jane (1953), Stalag 17 (1953), and Carousel (1956).[68]

On January 26, 2020, a helicopter crash in Calabasas claimed the lives of nine people, including Los Angeles Lakers basketball legend Kobe Bryant and his 13-year-old daughter Gianna Bryant.[69] Author Lee Goldberg's novel Lost Hills, the first in a series of books about Detective Eve Ronin, the youngest homicide detective in the history of the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, is set in Calabasas. The novel debuted in January 2020 and was followed by Bone Canyon (January 2021), Gated Prey (October 2021), and Movieland (June 2022), also set in Calabasas.[70] In addition, the family of Kate O'Hare, the heroine of the five New York Times bestselling "Fox & O'Hare" thrillers that Goldberg co-wrote with Janet Evanovich, lives in Calabasas.

The titular character of the TV show Ray Donovan lives in Calabasas with his wife and two children.[71]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]


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