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In African music, the calabash is a percussion instrument, of the family of idiophones, consisting of a dried half calabash, of large size, that is struck with the palms, fingers, wrist or objects to produce a variety of percussive sounds. This instrument is used in traditional dances.
Warner Dietz, Betty and Olatunji, Michael Babatunde. (1965). Musical Instruments of Africa: Their Nature, Use, and Place in The Life of a Deeply Musical People. New York: John Day Company.