Calais Lighthouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Phare de Calais
Calais Nord phare.JPG
Lighhouse located in the streets of Calais.
Calais Lighthouse is located in France
Calais Lighthouse
France
LocationCalais, Nord pas de Calais
France
Coordinates50°57′41″N 1°51′13″E / 50.961360°N 1.853622°E / 50.961360; 1.853622Coordinates: 50°57′41″N 1°51′13″E / 50.961360°N 1.853622°E / 50.961360; 1.853622
Year first constructed1848
Automated1987
Constructionmasonry tower
Tower shapeoctagonal tower
Tower height55 m (180 ft)
Focal height59.8 m (196 ft)
Current lensHalogen 250 MM Rotating
Range23.5 nautical miles (43.5 km)
CharacteristicFl (4) W 15s.
Admiralty numberA1144
NGA number8904
ARLHS numberFRA-004[1]
Heritagemonument historique classé Edit this on Wikidata

Calais Lighthouse (French: Phare de Calais) is located in Calais in Nord-Pas-de-Calais. The Lighthouse is located in the residential streets near the Port of Calais and is a significant landmark as well as a navigational aid to ships and ferries using the Straits of Dover.

History[edit]

There was a beacon at the summit of the watchtower from 1818. King Louis-Philippe in his plans to improve French ports decided the construction of a first-class lighthouse in Calais. This lighthouse started operating in 1848 and was electrified in 1883. After escaping the destruction of the Second World War it was automated in 1987.[2] The Calais lighthouse is now classified as a Monument historique since 19/05/2011 in France.[3]

Description[edit]

The lighthouse is 53m high, its tower is octagonal outside and round inside with walls 1,90m at the base and 1,50m at the summit. The foundations descend 7,40m under the cellars. The staircase has 271 steps leading up to the lantern. The central light of the lighthouse is permanent and the lantern, whose panels shut off the light, turns around the light, giving 4 flashes of 2/10th of a second every 15 seconds.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of France: North Coast". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  2. ^ Phares de France, Xavier Mével, Editions France Loisirs
  3. ^ Base Mérimée|PA62000123|Phare de Calais
  4. ^ Sign at the base of the tower: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lighthouse_Calais_sign.JPG

External links[edit]