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Calamaria albiventer Hardwicke.jpg
Calamaria albiventer
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Subfamily: Calamariinae
Genus: Calamaria
F. Boie, 1827[1]

60 recognized species, see article.[2][3][4]

Calamaria is a large genus of dwarf burrowing[5] snakes[6] of the family Colubridae. It contains 60 recognized species.[7] They are found in Asia.[8]


Species in the genus Calamaria share the following characteristics. The eight to 11 maxillary teeth are subequal; the anterior mandibular teeth are somewhat longer than the posterior ones. The head is not distinct from neck; the eye is small, with a round pupil; the nostril is pierced in a minute nasal scale. No loreal, internasal, or temporal scales are present; the preocular can be present or absent; the parietals contact the labials. The body is cylindrical, with smooth dorsal scales, without apical pits, in 13 rows. The tail is short; the subcaudals are paired.[9]


See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Wikispecies.
  4. ^ The Reptile Database.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Boulenger GA. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Genus Calamaria, p. 330).
  10. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Calamaria pfefferi, p. 205).
  11. ^ A new species of reed snake, Calamaria (Squamata: Colubridae), from the Central Truong Son (Annamite mountain range), Vietnam, THOMAS ZIEGLER* & LE KHAC QUYET, Zootaxa 1042: 27–38 (2005), 30 Aug. 2005

External links[edit]