Calamus (palm)

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Calamus
Calamus gibbsianus.jpg
Calamus gibbsianus
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Calamoideae
Tribe: Calameae
Genus: Calamus
L.
Species

Many, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Calospatha Becc.
  • Ceratolobus Blume ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Cornera Furtado
  • Daemonorops Blume
  • Palmijuncus Rumph. ex Kuntze
  • Pogonotium J.Dransf.
  • Retispatha J.Dransf.
  • Rotang Adans.
  • Rotanga Boehm.
  • Schizospatha Furtado
  • Zalaccella Becc.

Calamus is a genus of flowering plants in the palm family Arecaceae that are among several genera known as rattan palms. There are an estimated 400 species in this genus, all native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, and Australia.[2][3][4] They are mostly leaf-climbing lianas with slender, reedy stems. To aid scrambling some species have evolved hooks on the underside of the midrib, or more commonly by modified "pinnae" or tendrils in the form of stout, backward-pointing spines. These stems may grow to lengths of 200 metres.[5][6]

Selected species[edit]

As of April 2020, Plants of the World Online accepted over 440 species, including:[1]

Synonyms

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Calamus L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". apps.kew.org. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 135, 省藤属 sheng teng sh, Calamus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 325. 1753.
  5. ^ Dictionary of Flowering Plants and Ferns - JC Willis (1960)
  6. ^ Dransfield 1978.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Calamus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
  8. ^ "Calamus tenuis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2017-12-18.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]