Calamus (palm)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Calamus
Calamus gibbsianus.jpg
Calamus gibbsianus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Calamoideae
Tribe: Calameae
Genus: Calamus
L.
Species

Many, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Calospatha Becc.
  • Ceratolobus Blume ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Cornera Furtado
  • Daemonorops Blume
  • Palmijuncus Rumph. ex Kuntze
  • Pogonotium J.Dransf.
  • Retispatha J.Dransf.
  • Rotang Adans.
  • Rotanga Boehm.
  • Schizospatha Furtado
  • Zalaccella Becc.

Calamus is a genus of flowering plants in the palm family Arecaceae that are among several genera known as rattan palms. There are an estimated 400 species in this genus, all native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, and Australia.[2][3][4] They are dioecious,[5] mostly leaf-climbing lianas with slender, reedy stems. To aid scrambling some species have evolved hooks on the underside of the midrib, or more commonly by modified "pinnae" or tendrils in the form of stout, backward-pointing spines. These stems may grow to lengths of 200 metres.[6][7]

Species[edit]

As of April 2021, Plants of the World Online includes:[1]

  1. Calamus acamptostachys (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  2. Calamus acanthochlamys J.Dransf.
  3. Calamus acanthophyllus Becc.
  4. Calamus acanthospathus Griff.
  5. Calamus acaulis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  6. Calamus acehensis (Rustiami) W.J.Baker
  7. Calamus adspersus Blume
  8. Calamus affinis (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  9. Calamus aidae Fernando
  10. Calamus albidus L.X.Guo & A.J.Hend.
  11. Calamus altiscandens Burret
  12. Calamus andamanicus Kurz
  13. Calamus angustifolius Griff.
  14. Calamus anomalus Burret
  15. Calamus arborescens Griff.
  16. Calamus aruensis Becc. – Bamaga wait-a-while[8]
  17. Calamus arugda Becc.
  18. Calamus ashtonii J.Dransf.
  19. Calamus asperrimus Blume
  20. Calamus asteracanthus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  21. Calamus ater (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  22. Calamus australis Mart. – lawyer cane, wait-a-while or hairy mary [8]
  23. Calamus axillaris Becc.
  24. Calamus bachmaensis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  25. Calamus bacularis Becc.
  26. Calamus badius J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  27. Calamus baiyerensis W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  28. Calamus balerensis Fernando
  29. Calamus balingensis Furtado
  30. Calamus banggiensis (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  31. Calamus bankae W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  32. Calamus baratangensis Renuka & Vijayak.
  33. Calamus barbatus Zipp. ex Blume
  34. Calamus barfodii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  35. Calamus batanensis (Becc.) Baja-Lapis
  36. Calamus beccarii A.J.Hend.
  37. Calamus beguinii (Burret) W.J.Baker
  38. Calamus bicolor Becc.
  39. Calamus billitonensis Becc. ex K.Heyne
  40. Calamus bimanifer T.Evans, Sengdala, Viengkham, Thamm. & J.Dransf.
  41. Calamus binnendijkii (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  42. Calamus boniensis Becc. ex K.Heyne
  43. Calamus bousigonii Pierre ex Becc.
  44. Calamus brachypodus W.J.Baker
  45. Calamus brandisii Becc.
  46. Calamus brevicaulis (A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung) W.J.Baker
  47. Calamus bulubabi W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  48. Calamus burckianus Becc.
  49. Calamus burkillianus Becc. ex Ridl.
  50. Calamus caesius Blume
  51. Calamus calapparius Mart.
  52. Calamus calicarpus Griff.
  53. Calamus calospathus (Ridl.) W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  54. Calamus capillosus W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  55. Calamus caryotoides A.Cunn. ex Mart. – fishtail lawyer cane[8]
  56. Calamus castaneus Griff.
  57. Calamus caurinus A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  58. Calamus cawa Blume
  59. Calamus centralis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  60. Calamus ceratophorus Conrard
  61. Calamus cheirophyllus J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  62. Calamus ciliaris Blume
  63. Calamus cinereus A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  64. Calamus clemensianus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  65. Calamus clivorum A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  66. Calamus cockburnii J.Dransf.
  67. Calamus collarifer (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  68. Calamus compsostachys Burret
  69. Calamus comptus J.Dransf.
  70. Calamus concinnus Mart.
  71. Calamus concolor (Blume) W.J.Baker
  72. Calamus confusus (Furtado) W.J.Baker
  73. Calamus conirostris Becc.
  74. Calamus conjugatus Furtado
  75. Calamus conspectus W.J.Baker
  76. Calamus convallium J.Dransf.
  77. Calamus corneri Furtado
  78. Calamus crassifolius J.Dransf.
  79. Calamus crinitus (Blume) Miq.
  80. Calamus cristatus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  81. Calamus croftii J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  82. Calamus cumingianus Becc.
  83. Calamus curranii (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  84. Calamus cuthbertsonii Becc.
  85. Calamus daemonoropoides Fernando
  86. Calamus dasyacanthus W.J.Baker, Bayton, J.Dransf. & Maturb.
  87. Calamus deerratus G.Mann & H.Wendl.
  88. Calamus delicatulus Thwaites
  89. Calamus densiflorus Becc.
  90. Calamus depauperatus Ridl.
  91. Calamus dianbaiensis C.F.Wei
  92. Calamus didymocarpus Warb. ex Becc.
  93. Calamus didymophyllus (Becc.) Ridl.
  94. Calamus diepenhorstii Miq.
  95. Calamus digitatus Becc.
  96. Calamus dilaceratus Becc.
  97. Calamus dioicus Lour.
  98. Calamus discolor Mart.
  99. Calamus distentus Burret
  100. Calamus divaricatus Becc.
  101. Calamus dongnaiensis Pierre ex Becc.
  102. Calamus draco Willd.
  103. Calamus dracunculus (Ridl.) W.J.Baker
  104. Calamus dumetosus (J.Dransf.) A.J.Hend. & Floda
  105. Calamus egregius Burret
  106. Calamus elegans Becc. ex Ridl.
  107. Calamus elongatus (Blume) Miq.
  108. Calamus equestris Willd.
  109. Calamus erectus Roxb.
  110. Calamus erinaceus (Becc.) Becc.
  111. Calamus erioacanthus Becc.
  112. Calamus erythrocarpus W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  113. Calamus essigii W.J.Baker
  114. Calamus eugenei W.J.Baker
  115. Calamus evansii A.J.Hend.
  116. Calamus exilis Griff.
  117. Calamus fertilis Becc.
  118. Calamus filipendulus Becc.
  119. Calamus filispadix Becc.
  120. Calamus fissilis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  121. Calamus fissus (Blume) Miq.
  122. Calamus flabellatus Becc.
  123. Calamus flagellum Griff. ex Walp.
  124. Calamus flexilis W.J.Baker
  125. Calamus floribundus Griff.
  126. Calamus forbesii (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  127. Calamus formicarius (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  128. Calamus formosanus Becc.
  129. Calamus foxworthyi Becc.
  130. Calamus gajoensis A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  131. Calamus gamblei Becc.
  132. Calamus geniculatus Griff.
  133. Calamus georgei W.J.Baker
  134. Calamus gibbsianus Becc.
  135. Calamus glaucescens (Blume) D.Dietr.
  136. Calamus godefroyi Becc.
  137. Calamus gonospermus Becc.
  138. Calamus gracilipes Miq.
  139. Calamus gracilis Roxb.
  140. Calamus grandifolius Becc.
  141. Calamus grandis Griff.
  142. Calamus griseus J.Dransf.
  143. Calamus guruba Buch.-Ham. ex Mart.
  144. Calamus hallierianus (Becc. ex K.Heyne) W.J.Baker
  145. Calamus halmaherensis Burret
  146. Calamus harmandii Pierre ex Becc.
  147. Calamus heatubunii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  148. Calamus helferianus Kurz
  149. Calamus henryanus Becc.
  150. Calamus heteracanthus Zipp. ex Blume
  151. Calamus heteroideus Blume
  152. Calamus hirsutus (Blume) Miq.
  153. Calamus holttumii Furtado
  154. Calamus hookerianus Becc.
  155. Calamus horridus (Burret) W.J.Baker
  156. Calamus hukaungensis A.J.Hend.
  157. Calamus inermis T.Anderson (synonym Calamus wailong)
  158. Calamus ingens (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  159. Calamus inops Becc. ex K.Heyne
  160. Calamus insignis Griff.
  161. Calamus interruptus Becc.
  162. Calamus jacobsii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  163. Calamus javensis Blume
  164. Calamus jenkinsianus Griff.
  165. Calamus jenningsianus Becc.
  166. Calamus johndransfieldii W.J.Baker
  167. Calamus johnsii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  168. Calamus kampucheaensis A.J.Hend. & Hourt
  169. Calamus kandariensis Becc.
  170. Calamus karnatakensis Renuka & Lakshmana
  171. Calamus karuensis Ridl.
  172. Calamus katikii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  173. Calamus kebariensis Maturb., J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  174. Calamus kiahii Furtado
  175. Calamus kingianus Becc.
  176. Calamus kjellbergii Furtado
  177. Calamus klossii Ridl.
  178. Calamus komsaryi (Maturb., J.Dransf. & Mogea) W.J.Baker
  179. Calamus kontumensis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  180. Calamus koordersianus Becc.
  181. Calamus korthalsii (Blume) Miq.
  182. Calamus kostermansii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  183. Calamus kunstleri (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  184. Calamus kurzianus (Hook.f. ex Becc.) W.J.Baker
  185. Calamus lakshmanae Renuka
  186. Calamus lambirensis J.Dransf.
  187. Calamus lamprolepis (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  188. Calamus laoensis T.Evans, Sengdala, Viengkham, Thamm. & J.Dransf.
  189. Calamus lateralis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  190. Calamus latifolius Roxb.
  191. Calamus lauterbachii Becc.
  192. Calamus laxissimus Ridl.
  193. Calamus leiocaulis Becc. ex K.Heyne
  194. Calamus leloi J.Dransf.
  195. Calamus leptopus Griff.
  196. Calamus leptospadix Griff.
  197. Calamus leptostachys Becc. ex K.Heyne
  198. Calamus lewisianus Griff.
  199. Calamus lobbianus Becc.
  200. Calamus loherianus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  201. Calamus longibracteatus W.J.Baker
  202. Calamus longipes Griff.
  203. Calamus longipinna K.Schum. & Lauterb.
  204. Calamus longisetus Griff.
  205. Calamus longispatha Ridl.
  206. Calamus longispinosus (Burret) W.J.Baker
  207. Calamus longistipes (Burret) W.J.Baker
  208. Calamus lucysmithiae W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  209. Calamus luteus W.J.Baker
  210. Calamus macrochlamys Becc.
  211. Calamus macrophyllus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  212. Calamus macropterus Miq.
  213. Calamus macrorhynchus Burret
  214. Calamus macrosphaerion Becc.
  215. Calamus maculatus (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  216. Calamus maiadum J.Dransf.
  217. Calamus malawaliensis J.Dransf.
  218. Calamus manan Miq.
  219. Calamus manglaensis A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  220. Calamus manii (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  221. Calamus manillensis (Mart.) H.Wendl. – Philippines rattan or alimuran
  222. Calamus marginatus (Blume) Mart. ex Walp.
  223. Calamus mattanensis Becc.
  224. Calamus maturbongsii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  225. Calamus megalocarpus (Burret) W.J.Baker
  226. Calamus megaphyllus Becc.
  227. Calamus meghalayensis A.J.Hend.
  228. Calamus melanacanthos Mart.
  229. Calamus melanochaetes (Blume) Miq.
  230. Calamus melanochrous Burret
  231. Calamus melanoloma Mart.
  232. Calamus melanorhynchus Becc.
  233. Calamus merrillii Becc.
  234. Calamus metzianus Schltdl.
  235. Calamus micracanthus Griff.
  236. Calamus micranthus Blume
  237. Calamus microsphaerion Becc.
  238. Calamus microstachys (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  239. Calamus minahassae Warb. ex Becc.
  240. Calamus minor A.J.Hend.
  241. Calamus minutus J.Dransf.
  242. Calamus mirabilis Mart.
  243. Calamus mitis Becc.
  244. Calamus modestus T.Evans & T.P.Anh
  245. Calamus mogeae J.Dransf.
  246. Calamus mogeanus (Rustiami) W.J.Baker
  247. Calamus mollis Blanco
  248. Calamus mollispinus (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  249. Calamus monticola Griff.
  250. Calamus moorei (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  251. Calamus moorhousei Furtado
  252. Calamus moseleyanus Becc.
  253. Calamus moszkowskianus Becc.
  254. Calamus moti F.M.Bailey
  255. Calamus muelleri H.Wendl. – southern lawyer vine[8]
  256. Calamus multispicatus Burret
  257. Calamus muricatus Becc.
  258. Calamus myriacanthus Becc.
  259. Calamus myrianthus Becc.
  260. Calamus nagbettai R.R.Fernandez & Dey
  261. Calamus nambariensis Becc.
  262. Calamus nanduensis W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  263. Calamus nannostachys Burret
  264. Calamus nanodendron J.Dransf.
  265. Calamus nematospadix Becc.
  266. Calamus nicobaricus Becc.
  267. Calamus nicolai Verschaff.
  268. Calamus nielsenii J.Dransf.
  269. Calamus niger Willd.
  270. Calamus nitidus Mart.
  271. Calamus novae-georgii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  272. Calamus nuichuaensis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  273. Calamus nuralievii A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  274. Calamus oblatus (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  275. Calamus oblongus Reinw. ex Blume
  276. Calamus occidentalis Witono & J.Dransf.
  277. Calamus ochrolepis (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  278. Calamus ocreatus (A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung) W.J.Baker
  279. Calamus oligolepis (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  280. Calamus oligophyllus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  281. Calamus oligostachys T.Evans, Sengdala, Viengkham, Thamm. & J.Dransf.
  282. Calamus optimus Becc.
  283. Calamus oresbius W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  284. Calamus ornatus Blume
  285. Calamus orthostachyus Furtado
  286. Calamus ovoideus Thwaites ex Trimen
  287. Calamus oxleyanus Teijsm. & Binn. ex Miq.
  288. Calamus oxycarpus Becc.
  289. Calamus oxycoccus W.J.Baker
  290. Calamus pachypus W.J.Baker, Bayton, J.Dransf. & Maturb.
  291. Calamus pachyrostris (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  292. Calamus pachystemonus Thwaites
  293. Calamus padangensis Furtado
  294. Calamus palembanicus (Blume) Miq.
  295. Calamus pandanosmus Furtado
  296. Calamus pannosus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  297. Calamus papuanus Becc.
  298. Calamus papyraceus W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  299. Calamus parutan Fernando
  300. Calamus parvifructus W.J.Baker
  301. Calamus parvulus A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  302. Calamus paspalanthus Becc.
  303. Calamus paulii J.Dransf.
  304. Calamus pedicellaris (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  305. Calamus pedicellatus Becc. ex K.Heyne
  306. Calamus penicillatus Roxb.
  307. Calamus perakensis Becc.
  308. Calamus peregrinus Furtado
  309. Calamus periacanthus (Miq.) Miq.
  310. Calamus pertenuis A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  311. Calamus pholidostachys J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  312. Calamus pilosellus Becc.
  313. Calamus pilosissimus Becc.
  314. Calamus pintaudii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  315. Calamus plagiocyclus (Burret) W.J.Baker
  316. Calamus platyspathus Mart. ex Kunth
  317. Calamus plicatus Blume
  318. Calamus poensis Becc.
  319. Calamus pogonacanthus Becc. ex H.J.P.Winkl.
  320. Calamus pogonotium W.J.Baker
  321. Calamus poilanei Conrard
  322. Calamus politus (Fernando) W.J.Baker
  323. Calamus polycladus Burret
  324. Calamus polystachys Becc.
  325. Calamus posoanus Rustiami
  326. Calamus pseudoconcolor (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  327. Calamus pseudotenuis Becc.
  328. Calamus pseudozebrinus Burret
  329. Calamus psilocladus J.Dransf.
  330. Calamus pumilus (Van Valk.) W.J.Baker
  331. Calamus pycnocarpus (Furtado) J.Dransf.
  332. Calamus pygmaeus Becc.
  333. Calamus quangngaiensis A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  334. Calamus radiatus Thwaites
  335. Calamus radicalis H.Wendl. & Drude
  336. Calamus radulosus Becc.
  337. Calamus rarispinosus (Renuka & Vijayak.) W.J.Baker
  338. Calamus reinwardtii Mart.
  339. Calamus reticulatus Burret
  340. Calamus retroflexus J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  341. Calamus reyesianus Becc.
  342. Calamus rhabdocladus Burret
  343. Calamus rheedei Griff.
  344. Calamus rhomboideus Blume
  345. Calamus rhytidomus Becc.
  346. Calamus ridleyanus Becc.
  347. Calamus riedelianus Miq.
  348. Calamus robinsonianus Becc.
  349. Calamus rotang L.
  350. Calamus ruber Reinw. ex Mart.
  351. Calamus rudentum Lour.
  352. Calamus rugosus Becc.
  353. Calamus rumphii Blume
  354. Calamus ruptilis (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  355. Calamus ruvidus Becc.
  356. Calamus sabalensis J.Dransf.
  357. Calamus sabensis Becc.
  358. Calamus sabut (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  359. Calamus salicifolius Becc.
  360. Calamus samian Becc.
  361. Calamus sandsii Rustiami
  362. Calamus sarasinorum (Warb. ex Becc.) W.J.Baker
  363. Calamus sarawakensis Becc.
  364. Calamus sashae J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  365. Calamus scabridulus Becc.
  366. Calamus scabrispathus Becc.
  367. Calamus scapiger (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  368. Calamus schistoacanthus Blume
  369. Calamus schlechteri (Burret) W.J.Baker
  370. Calamus schlechterianus Becc.
  371. Calamus scipionum Lour.
  372. Calamus scleracanthus Becc. ex K.Heyne
  373. Calamus sedens J.Dransf.
  374. Calamus sedisspirituum (Rustiami, J.Dransf. & Fernando) W.J.Baker
  375. Calamus sekundurensis (Rustiami & Zumaidar) W.J.Baker
  376. Calamus senalingensis J.Dransf.
  377. Calamus sepal (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  378. Calamus septimus A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  379. Calamus seriatus A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  380. Calamus serpentinus (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  381. Calamus serrulatus Becc.
  382. Calamus sessiliflorus A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  383. Calamus siberutensis (Rustiami) W.J.Baker
  384. Calamus simplex Becc.
  385. Calamus singalanus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  386. Calamus siphonospathus Mart. ex Walp.
  387. Calamus sordidus J.Dransf.
  388. Calamus spanostachys W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  389. Calamus sparsiflorus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  390. Calamus spectatissimus Furtado
  391. Calamus spiculifer J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  392. Calamus spinifolius Becc.
  393. Calamus spinulinervis Becc.
  394. Calamus spiralis A.J.Hend., N.K.Ban & N.Q.Dung
  395. Calamus stenophyllus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  396. Calamus stolonifer Renuka
  397. Calamus suaveolens W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  398. Calamus subangulatus Miq.
  399. Calamus subsolanus A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  400. Calamus sumbawensis Burret
  401. Calamus superciliatus W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  402. Calamus susukensis A.J.Hend. & Rustiami
  403. Calamus symphysipus Mart. ex Walp.
  404. Calamus tadulakoensis A.J.Hend., Moh.Iqbal, Rusydi & Pitopang
  405. Calamus takanensis (Rustiami) W.J.Baker
  406. Calamus tanakadatei Furtado
  407. Calamus temii T.Evans
  408. Calamus tenompokensis Furtado
  409. Calamus tenuis Roxb.
  410. Calamus tetradactyloides Burret
  411. Calamus tetradactylus Hance
  412. Calamus thwaitesii Becc.
  413. Calamus thysanolepis Hance
  414. Calamus timorensis Becc.
  415. Calamus toli-toliensis Becc. ex K.Heyne
  416. Calamus trachycoleus Becc.
  417. Calamus treubianus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  418. Calamus trichrous (Miq.) Miq.
  419. Calamus tumidus Furtado
  420. Calamus unifarius H.Wendl.
  421. Calamus unijugus (J.Dransf.) W.J.Baker
  422. Calamus urdanetanus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  423. Calamus ursinus (Becc.) W.J.Baker
  424. Calamus uschdraweitianus (Burret) W.J.Baker
  425. Calamus usitatus Blanco
  426. Calamus validus W.J.Baker
  427. Calamus vattayila Renuka
  428. Calamus velutinus A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  429. Calamus verticillaris Griff.
  430. Calamus vestitus Becc.
  431. Calamus vidalianus Becc.
  432. Calamus viminalis Willd.
  433. Calamus vinosus Becc.
  434. Calamus viridissimus Becc.
  435. Calamus vitiensis Warb. ex Becc. – Dunk Island lawyer vine, Mission Beach wait-a-while[8]
  436. Calamus walkeri Hance
  437. Calamus wanggaii W.J.Baker & J.Dransf.
  438. Calamus warburgii K.Schum. – Iron Range wait-a-while[8]
  439. Calamus whitmorei J.Dransf.
  440. Calamus wightii Griff.
  441. Calamus womersleyi J.Dransf. & W.J.Baker
  442. Calamus wrightmyoensis (Renuka & Vijayak.) W.J.Baker
  443. Calamus wuliangshanensis San Y.Chen, K.L.Wang & S.J.Pei
  444. Calamus yentuensis A.J.Hend. & N.Q.Dung
  445. Calamus zebrinus Becc.
  446. Calamus zeylanicus Becc.
  447. Calamus zieckii Fernando
  448. Calamus zollingeri Becc.
  449. Calamus zonatus Becc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Calamus L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". apps.kew.org. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  3. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 135, 省藤属 sheng teng sh, Calamus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 325. 1753.
  5. ^ "Rapidly evolving sex-specific sequences in Calamus travancoricus Bedd. ex. Becc. and Calamus nagbettai R.R.Fernald & Dey". Tree Genetics & Genomes. 2018. doi:10.1007/s11295-017-1220-2. S2CID 3299464.
  6. ^ Dictionary of Flowering Plants and Ferns - JC Willis (1960)
  7. ^ Dransfield 1978.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Calamus". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-03-28.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]