Calanasan, Apayao

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Map of Apayao showing the location of Calanasan
Map of Apayao with Calanasan highlighted
Calanasan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°15′N 121°02′E / 18.25°N 121.03°E / 18.25; 121.03Coordinates: 18°15′N 121°02′E / 18.25°N 121.03°E / 18.25; 121.03
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Apayao
District Lone District
Founded June 25, 1963
Barangays 20 (see Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Elias K. Bulut Sr.
 • Vice Mayor Martin Lucero B. Lawat
 • Electorate 7,296 voters (2016)
 • Total 1,256.15 km2 (485.00 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 12,604
 • Density 10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3814
PSGC 148101000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Income class 1st municipal income class

Calanasan, officially the Municipality of Calanasan (Ilocano: Ili ti Calanasan; Filipino: Bayan ng Calanasan), (formerly known as Bayag,[4] meaning "slow"), is a municipality in the province of Apayao in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 12,604 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 7,296 registered voters.[5]

Its land area is 1,256.15 square kilometres (485.00 sq mi), making it the largest municipality in the province. Calanasan is the source of the Apayao River which empties into the South China Sea and is the only navigable river in Apayao.


Calanasan is located at 18°15′N 121°02′E / 18.25°N 121.03°E / 18.25; 121.03.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 1,256.15 square kilometres (485.00 sq mi)[2] constituting 28.46% of the 4,413.35-square-kilometre- (1,704.00 sq mi) total area of Apayao.

Calanasan is 607 kilometres (377 mi) north from Manila and located in the north-western section of Apayao bordering Santa Praxedes and Claveria in the north, Adams and Carasi in the west, Solsona in the south-west, Kabugao on the south, and Luna and some parts of Kabugao on the east.

The town’s topography or slope is predominantly rugged and mountainous with sporadic flood plains and plateaus. The municipality cradles the larger part of the Apayao-Abulog watershed area as the main source of streams that fills the mighty river which originates from the municipality.

Calanasan has two pronounced seasons, the dry and the wet seasons. The dry season starts in the latest part of December and ends in the middle part of June. The wet season starts in July and ends in the middle part of December. The hottest month is May and rainfall is heaviest in August while strong typhoons usually occur within the period of August to October and the December used to be the coolest month.


Calanasan is politically subdivided into 20 barangays.[6]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
148101001 Butao 6.6% 832 672 +4.15%
148101002 Cadaclan 5.0% 629 437 +7.18%
148101013 Don Roque Ablan Sr. 1.9% 239 273 −2.50%
148101014 Eleazar 1.1% 139 121 +2.68%
148101015 Eva Puzon 9.9% 1,254 1,072 +3.03%
148101016 Kabugawan 4.1% 519 484 +1.34%
148101003 Langnao 1.8% 229 164 +6.56%
148101004 Lubong 3.9% 494 612 −4.00%
148101017 Macalino 2.8% 348 265 +5.32%
148101005 Naguilian 2.6% 332 389 −2.97%
148101006 Namaltugan 7.3% 918 924 −0.12%
148101007 Poblacion 15.9% 2,008 1,939 +0.67%
148101008 Sabangan 3.6% 454 379 +3.50%
148101018 Santa Elena 2.3% 292 221 +5.45%
148101009 Santa Filomena 7.9% 1,002 859 +2.98%
148101011 Tanglagan 16.0% 2,018 1,951 +0.64%
148101012 Tubang 3.6% 456 411 +2.00%
148101010 Tubongan 3.5% 441 395 +2.12%
Total 12,604 11,568 +1.65%


Population census of Calanasan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 10,699 —    
1995 11,679 +1.66%
2000 12,806 +1.99%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 9,663 −3.81%
2010 11,568 +6.77%
2015 12,604 +1.65%

In the 2015 census, Calanasan had a population of 12,604.[3] The population density was 10 inhabitants per square kilometre (26/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 7,296 registered voters.[5]

Calanasan is dominated by Isnag Tribe, living with them are the Ilocanos, Igorots and Kalingas. The main dialects of the people are the Isnag and the Ilocano.


Economic activity in the municipality is based on agricultural production like farming and fishing and livelihood activities like basketry, soft broom making and furniture making.

The municipality has no level lands for extensive rice production except in the northern part of the municipality. The total land area devoted to agriculture is 45.316 hectares (111.98 acres) in which total land area irrigated is 2,347.49 hectares (5,800.8 acres). Its produce include coffee, corn, root crops, peanuts and other legumes, banana, pineapple and some vegetables.


The town has vast variety of wild flora and fauna which contributes to its eco-tourism potential. The town is surrounded with virgin forests, cascading waterfalls, and clear rivers.

Potential tourist attractions include:

  • Apayao River — Poblacion
  • Girgirra’ Falls — Ninoy Aquino
  • Ziwanan River — Cadaclan
  • Maxibab Falls — Santa Filomena
  • Carmella Falls — Eva
  • Pisong Lake
  • Danao Lake — Sitio Danao, Poblacion
  • Purit Cave
  • Bantay Malingudu — Poblacion
  • Agamata National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary — near the Ilocos Norte boundary, was established in the remote area of sharp peaks and plateaus. This undeveloped area, with pine stands, lush vegetation and mossy forest, affords a panoramic view of Ilocos Norte and Laoag City on the west. It is ideal for hiking, camping, nature tripping and bird watching.
  • Blue Haven
  • Mount Kilang


  • Sinandila/Sinursor Festival and Pippiru' Festival (Boat Racing) — celebrated every third week of March
  • Calanasan Town Fiesta — celebrated every March which is coming together of the people of Calanasan, The month-long activities highlights the Agro-Industrial and trade fair which showcase the different products of Calanasan and Highlights also the Sports fest, Calanasan got Talent and the Street Dance Competition together with most awaited part the "Search for Miss Dam-ag naya Calanasan".
  • Say-Am Festival — is a feast featuring and ushering the traditional way of Isnag's thanksgiving to the Higher Supreme unseen being called "Alawagan" executed and commence through rituals spiced with pep songs, native chants and dances called the "Talip" and "Tad-do". The holding and celebration of Say-am in the older days connotes status - that the family is respectable and well-to-do. It is Celebrated every third week of March.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Apayao". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 4980 - An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Bayag, Mountain Province, to Calanasan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 17 June 1967. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  6. ^ "Municipal: Calanasan, Apayao". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Province of Apayao". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  9. ^ "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 

External links[edit]