Calanques National Park
|Calanques National Park|
|Parc national des Calanques|
A view of the Calanque d'En-Vau
|Area||520 km2 (201 sq mi)|
|Established||18 April 2012|
|Governing body||Parcs nationaux de France|
Calanques National Park (French: Parc national des Calanques) is a French national park located in Bouches-du-Rhône, in Southern France. It was established in 2012 and extends over 520 km2 (201 sq mi), of which 85 km2 (33 sq mi) is land, while the remaining is marine area. It includes parts of the Massif des Calanques stretching between Marseille, Cassis and La Ciotat. Several of the park's best known features include the Calanque de Sormiou, Calanque de Morgiou, Calanque de Port-Miou, Calanque de Sugiton, as well as the Cosquer Cave.
In 1923 the Comité de défense des Calanques was established with the aim of preventing industry development at En-Vau. In 1999, the groupement d'intérêt public (GIP) des Calanques was founded to prepare the creation of a national park. Eleven years later, the GIP presented its first draft for a national park; the third draft was approved in 2011. On 18 April 2012, Prime Minister François Fillon signed the decree establishing Calanques National Park.