Calar Alto Observatory

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Calar Alto Observatory
Calar alto.JPG
Enclosure of the 2.2-meter telescope at Calar Alto Observatory
Organization Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
Code 493
Location Almería, Spain
Coordinates 37°13′25″N 2°32′46″W / 37.22361°N 2.54611°W / 37.22361; -2.54611Coordinates: 37°13′25″N 2°32′46″W / 37.22361°N 2.54611°W / 37.22361; -2.54611
Altitude 2,168 m (7,113 ft)
Website www.caha.es
Telescopes
Unnamed 3.5 m reflector
37°13′15″N 2°32′49″W / 37.220791°N 2.5468465°W / 37.220791; -2.5468465
Unnamed 2.2 m reflector
37°13′23″N 2°32′46″W / 37.2231427°N 2.5461943°W / 37.2231427; -2.5461943
Unnamed 1.5 m reflector
37°13′30″N 2°32′55″W / 37.2249718°N 2.5484985°W / 37.2249718; -2.5484985
Unnamed 1.23 m reflector
37°13′23″N 2°32′52″W / 37.223074°N 2.5476775°W / 37.223074; -2.5476775
Unnamed 0.8 m Schmidt reflector
37°13′26″N 2°32′54″W / 37.223927°N 2.5483678°W / 37.223927; -2.5483678
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons
Minor planets discovered: 7 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

The Calar Alto Observatory (Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán or Deutsch-Spanisches Astronomisches Zentrum, respectively "Spanish–German Astronomical Centre" and "German–Spanish Astronomical Centre") is an astronomical observatory located in Almería province in Spain on Calar Alto, a 2,168-meter-high (7,113 ft) mountain in Sierra de Los Filabres.[2]

Calar Alto is owned and operated jointly by the German Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Heidelberg, and the Spanish Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia in Granada, and specializes on the observation of objects in the Solar System.[2]

The 3.5-meter telescope is the largest telescope in mainland Europe, though there are three larger telescopes on the Spanish island of La Palma at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory. The minor planet 189202 Calar Alto, discovered by Felix Hormuth at Starkenburg Observatory in 2003, was named in honor of the observatory site.[2]

History[edit]

The site was proposed in 1970, and was officially opened in July 1975 with the commissioning of its 1.2-meter (47 in) telescope. The site developed due German and Spanish cooperation in astronomy. Eventually four more telescopes were commissioned. The Schmidt telescope was moved to Calar Alto in 1976 from the Hamburg Observatory at Bergedorf, where it had been completed in 1954. It was decommissioned in 2000.

Equipment[edit]

The Max-Planck institute owns a 3.5-meter (138-inch), 2.2 m (87 in), and a 1.23 m (48 in) telescope, and an 80 cm (31 in) Schmidt reflector. The 3.5-meter is the largest telescope on European soil with an Equatorial mount. There is also a 1.5 m (59 in) telescope that is owned and operated by the Spanish OAN.

Work[edit]

The CALIFA Survey (Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area Survey) is an astronomical project to map 600 galaxies with imaging spectroscopy (integral field spectroscopy (IFS)).[3]

List of discovered minor planets[edit]

Close to a hundred minor planets have been discovered at Calar Alto by astronomers Luboš Kohoutek, Kurt Birkle, Ulrich Hopp, Johann Baur, Krisztián Sárneczky, Gyula Szabó, Felix Hormuth and Hermann Boehnhardt. In addition, the Minor Planet Center, directly credits "Calar Alto" with the discovery of the following minor planets:[1]

(63429) 2001 MH5 21 June 2001 list
(94223) 2001 BU53 17 January 2001 list
(99258) 2001 MF5 21 June 2001 list
124143 Joséluiscorral 21 June 2001 list
213269 Angelbarbero 20 June 2001 list
(247170) 2001 BY10 16 January 2001 list
(250482) 2004 DF79 18 February 2004 list

Publications[edit]

  • Elsässer, H. (1975). "Kurze Berichte über die wissenschaftlichen Vorträge": 53. Bibcode:1975MitAg..36...53E. 
  • Lemke, D.; Frey, A.; Hefele, H.; Schulte in den Bauemen, J. (1978). "Observational conditions for infrared photometry on Calar Alto": 98–103. Bibcode:1978MitAG..43...98L. 
  • Elsässer, H. (1981). "Calar Alto - bisherige Erfahrungen, künftige Entwicklung". Bibcode:1981MitAG..54...15E. 
  • Fried, J. (1987). "Das 3.5-m Teleskop auf dem Calar Alto": 27. Bibcode:1987MitAG..68...27F. 
  • Birkle, K.; Hopp, U. (1987). "The Calar Alto 3.5 m Telescope. Operation and Test Results". Bibcode:1987MitAG..68...12B. 
  • Hopp, U.; Graser, U. (1990). "Optical quality of the Calar Alto 3.5 m telescope". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 235: 543–548. Bibcode:1990A&A...235..543H. 
  • Bizenberger, Peter; McCaughrean, Mark J.; Birk, Christoph Birk; Thompson, Dave; Storz, Clemens (1998). "Omega Prime: the wide-field near-infrared camerea for the 3.5-m telescope of the Calar Alto observatory". Bibcode:1998SPIE.3354..825B. doi:10.1117/12.317219. 
  • Lenzen, Rainer; Bizenberger, Peter; Salm, Norbert; Storz, Clemens (1998). Bely, Pierre Y; Breckinridge, James B, eds. "Omega Cass: a new multimode NIR-imager/spectrometer for the Calar Alto Observatory". Space Telescopes and Instruments V. 3356: 493. Bibcode:1998SPIE.3354..493L. doi:10.1117/12.317275. 
  • Bailer-Jones, Coryn A. L.; Bizenberger, Peter; Storz, Clemens (2000). "Achieving a wide field near infrared camera for the Calar Alto 3.5m telescope". Proc. SPIE. arXiv:astro-ph/0003072Freely accessible. Bibcode:2000SPIE.4008.1305B. doi:10.1117/23.395447. 
  • Hippler, Stefan; Kapser, Markus E.; Feldt, Markus; Weiss, Robert (2000). "ALFA: three years of experience in adaptive optics with a laser guide star". Proc. SPIE. 4007. Bibcode:2000SPIE.4007...41H. doi:10.1117/23.390397. 
  • Wolf, C.; Meisenheimer, K.; Röser, H. -J.; Beckwith, S. V. W.; Chaffee, F. H.; Fried, J.; Hippelein, H.; Huang, J. -S.; Kümmel, M.; Von Kuhlmann, B.; Maier, C.; Phleps, S.; Rix, H. -W.; Thommes, E.; Thompson, D. (2001). "Multi-color classification in the calar alto deep imaging survey". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 365 (3): 681. arXiv:astro-ph/0010604Freely accessible. Bibcode:2001A&A...365..681W. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000064. 
  • Graser, U.; Hopp, U. (2001). "Pointing models for the Calar Alto 2.2 M and 3.5 M telescopes". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 251 (2): 737–742. Bibcode:1991A&A...251..737G. 
  • Baumeister, Harald; Bizenberger, Peter; Bayler-Jones, Coryn A. L.; Kovacz, Zoltan; Röser, Hermann-Josef (2003). "Cryogenic engineering for OMEGA2000: design and performance". Proc. SPIE. 4841. Bibcode:2003SPIE.4841..343B. doi:10.1117/23.461003. 
  • Ziad, A.; Gredel, R.; Aceituno, J.; Borgnino, J.; Hoyo, F.; Irbah, A.; Martin, F.; Thiele, U.; Pedraz, S. (2005). "A site-testing campaign at the Calar Alto Observatory with GSM and DIMM instruments". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 362 (2): 455. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.362..455Z. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09299.x. 
  • Sanchez, S. F.; Aceituno, J.; Thiele, U.; Perez-Ramirez, D.; Alves, J. (2007). "The night sky at the Calar Alto Observatory". Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 119 (860): 1186. arXiv:0709.0813Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007PASP..119.1186S. doi:10.1086/522378. JSTOR 10.1086/522378. 
  • Baumeister, H.; Alter, M.; Cárdenas Vázquez, M. C. N.; Fernandez, M.; Fried, J.; Helmling, J.; Huber, A.; Ibáñez Mengual, J. M.; Rodríguez Gómez, J. F.; Laun, W.; Lenzen, R.; Mall, U.; Naranjo, V.; Ramos, J. R.; Rohloff, R. R.; García Segura, A.; Storz, C.; Ubierna, M.; Wagner, K. (2008). "PANIC: the new panoramic NIR camera for Calar Alto". In McLean, Ian S; Casali, Mark M. Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy II. 7014. p. 70142R. doi:10.1117/12.788796. 
  • Sanchez, S. F.; Thiele, U.; Aceituno, J.; Cristobal, D.; Perea, J.; Alves, J. (2008). "The night sky at the Calar Alto Observatory II: The sky at the near-infrared". Publ. Astr. Soc. Pac. 120 (873): 1244. arXiv:0809.4988Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008PASP..120.1244S. doi:10.1086/593981. JSTOR 10.1086/593981. 
  • Quirrenbach; Amado; Mandel; Caballero; Ribas; Reiners; Mundt; Abril; Afonso (2009). "CARMENES: Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with a Near-infrared Echelle Spectrograph". arXiv:0912.0561Freely accessible [astro-ph.SR]. 
  • Husemann, B.; jahnke, K.; Sanchez, S. F.; Berrado-Navscues, D. (2012). "CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey: II. First public data release". arXiv:1210.8150Freely accessible. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "189202 Calar Alto (2003 SM15)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  3. ^ S. F. Sánchez; et al. (February 2012). "CALIFA, the Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey. I. Survey presentation". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 538 (id.A8): 31. arXiv:1111.0962Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012A&A...538A...8S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201117353. 

External links[edit]