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|Comune di Calascibetta|
Panorama of Calascibetta
|Frazioni||Cacchiamo, Buonriposo, Lago Morello|
|• Mayor||Piero Antonio Santi Capizzi|
|• Total||88.18 km2 (34.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||691 m (2,267 ft)|
|Population (30 November 2017)|
|• Density||50/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Peter in chains|
|Saint day||First Sunday of August|
Calascibetta was inhabited during ancient times, with evidence of the necropolis of Calcarella (11th-10th-centuries BC), of Realmese (with tombs of the ninth and sixth centuries BC), of Valle Coniglio (10th-7th centuries BC) and of Malpasso (copper age).
It was often assumed that Calascibetta was founded in the 9th century as a Muslim military camp, on the top of Mount Xibet, in order to attempt the siege of the Byzantine stronghold. In 951, Calascibetta was built by the Saracens, during their siege on Enna.
During the Byzantine period as attested by 19th-century documents relating to frescoed basilic caves, it was believed that a true foundation of Calascibetta occurred with the Norman conquest of the island, where it appears mentioned in 1062, when it was fortified by Roger I, who built the castle called "Marco", the first city wall, the first village, during the siege of Castrogiovanni, and the great cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary and the Apostle Saint Peter.
Later remained a state-owned city, is known as a period of unparalleled splendor, favored and preferred as it was by the Aragonese kings, including Peter II, who during a stay there expired, which gave it, following the example of the Normans, temples and monuments.
Today, the inhabitants of Calascibetta call themselves Xibetani.
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