Calatagan, Batangas

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Calatagan
Municipality
Skyline of Calatagan
Official seal of Calatagan
Seal
Map of Batangas showing the location of Calatagan
Location within Batangas province
Calatagan is located in Philippines
Calatagan
Calatagan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°50′N 120°38′E / 13.83°N 120.63°E / 13.83; 120.63Coordinates: 13°50′N 120°38′E / 13.83°N 120.63°E / 13.83; 120.63
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 1st District
Founded 1912
Government acquisition October 28, 1957
Barangays 25 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Peter Oliver Palacio (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Andrea del Rosario (NP)
Area[2]
 • Total 112.00 km2 (43.24 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 56,449
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 31,030
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4215
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Income class 2nd class
PSGC 041008000
Website www.calatagan.gov.ph

Calatagan, officially the Municipality of Calatagan (Filipino: Bayan ng Calatagan), is a municipality in the province of Batangas in the Calabarzon (Region IV-A) of the Philippines. The population was 56,449 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 31,030 registered voters.[4]

Calatagan comprises the Calatagan Peninsula between the South China Sea and Balayan Bay. The peninsula's near white sand beaches are well-known vacation and leisure sites. There are several beach resorts including the Banak House Calatagan on Calatagan beach, the Ronco Beach Resort in barangay Bagong Silang, Playa Calatagan in barangay Santa Ana, the Golden Sunset Resort in barangay Uno, Lago de Oro Resort in barangay Balibago, Villa Agustina in barangay Bagong Silang, and Nacua Sea Park in barangay Quilitisan. Calatagan was formerly titled as the Forbes Park of the South, because of the rich families who own estates here.[citation needed]

An extremely rare example of pre-Spanish Philippine script was found in Calatagan. The script is called Baybayin in Tagalog, and was derived from Javanese writing, which in turn is derived from Brahmi. This writing survived on an earthenware burial jar dated to the 13th or 14th century.[citation needed] A Spanish lighthouse can also be found at Cape Santiago at the peninsula's southern tip dating back to the 1890s and is also one of the municipality's main tourist attractions.

History[edit]

The word "Calatagan" is taken from the Tagalog word "latag" and is closely associated with "kapatagan", which means a vast portion of flat land lying between the hills and mountains. Thus, Calatagan means a large expanse of wide flat land.[5]

The town is the site of the historically and archaeologically famous Calatagan Excavation whose antique pottery and utensils contributed important facts about the culture and activities of the Filipinos before the coming of the Spaniards. Chinese pottery, unearthed from six large cemeteries by archaeologists Olov T.R Jones and Robert B. Fox led to a conclusion made by K. Otley Bayer which points out the existence of a sizable pre-Spanish population in the town. The same studies suggested that there were direct Chinese trade by water in Calatagan and centered at a place called Balong-Bato, wherein an entrance through the reef, which surrounds Calatagan, is still presently used by vessels coming from Mindoro and Manila.

The land occupied by the municipality of Calatagan was acquired by Domingo Roxas from the Spanish Crown in 1829 and was called Hacienda de Calatagan. The successors Pedro P. Roxas and Antonio R. Roxas continued to develop it.

In 1912, through Executive Order No. 78 by then Governor General William Cameron Forbes, Calatagan became a municipality independent from its mother municipality, Balayan.

In 1931, Carmen Roxas, the last heir of the Roxas Clan transferred ownership of the Hacienda to the Zobel brothers, Jacobo and Alfonso. During the time of the Zobels, the hacienda came to be known as Central Azucarera de Calatagan or simply "Central Carmen" when referring to the sugar milling complex.

In 1934, the barangays of Baha and Talibayog, which were parts of the Municipality of Balayan at the time, were annexed to Calatagan since surveys showed that they are part of the land titled to the original owner of Hacienda Calatagan. This added a big area to the municipality.

In 1957, a decade after the Philippines gained independence from the Americans, the Land Tenure Administration, upon petition of the people of Calatagan bought the Hacienda Lands from the Zobels. These were apportioned to the inhabitants and sold to them at 5.00 per hectare payable in installment within a period of 25 years.[5]

Geography[edit]

Calatagan is located at 13°50′N 120°38′E / 13.83°N 120.63°E / 13.83; 120.63.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 112.00 square kilometres (43.24 sq mi)[2] constituting 3.59% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

Barangays[edit]

Calatagan is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.[6]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[7]
041008001 Bagong Silang 4.0% 2,270 2,074 1.73%
041008002 Baha 2.7% 1,509 1,494 0.19%
041008003 Balibago 6.0% 3,377 3,161 1.27%
041008004 Balitoc 5.4% 3,023 2,814 1.37%
041008005 Biga 5.0% 2,849 2,795 0.37%
041008006 Bucal 1.7% 965 892 1.51%
041008007 Carlosa 2.5% 1,414 1,253 2.33%
041008008 Carretunan 2.7% 1,504 1,449 0.71%
041008009 Encarnacion 2.4% 1,327 1,049 4.58%
041008010 Gulod 5.5% 3,127 2,798 2.14%
041008011 Hukay 3.8% 2,120 2,124 −0.04%
041008013 Lucsuhin 8.0% 4,528 4,299 0.99%
041008014 Luya 1.2% 664 616 1.44%
041008015 Paraiso 2.4% 1,346 1,133 3.33%
041008016 Barangay 1 (Poblacion) 6.1% 3,433 3,150 1.65%
041008017 Barangay 2 (Poblacion) 2.5% 1,408 1,296 1.59%
041008018 Barangay 3 (Poblacion) 1.7% 953 760 4.40%
041008019 Barangay 4 (Poblacion) 5.1% 2,863 2,770 0.63%
041008020 Quilitisan 3.9% 2,176 2,022 1.41%
041008021 Real 2.8% 1,588 1,380 2.71%
041008022 Sambungan 3.5% 1,975 1,820 1.57%
041008023 Santa Ana 5.7% 3,209 2,747 3.00%
041008026 Talibayog 3.5% 1,980 1,783 2.02%
041008027 Talisay 4.6% 2,617 2,524 0.69%
041008028 Tanagan 7.5% 4,224 3,794 2.07%
Total 56,449 51,997 1.58%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calatagan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 2,654 —    
1918 4,636 +3.79%
1939 7,710 +2.45%
1948 9,620 +2.49%
1960 14,457 +3.45%
1970 20,889 +3.74%
1975 23,648 +2.52%
1980 27,578 +3.12%
1990 35,543 +2.57%
1995 40,707 +2.57%
2000 45,068 +2.21%
2007 51,544 +1.87%
2010 51,997 +0.32%
2015 56,449 +1.58%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Calatagan had a population of 56,449.[3] The population density was 500 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 31,030 registered voters.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Brief Description of LGU". Calatagan LGU Website. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Municipal: Calatagan, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  8. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]