Calauag Central Park
Map of Quezon showing the location of Calauag
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|District||4th district of Quezon|
|Established||May 25, 1851|
|• Mayor||Luisito S. Visorde (NUP)|
|• Vice Mayor||Arcadio Mendoza|
|• Total||324.71 km2 (125.37 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)42|
|Spoken languages||Tagalog (Tayabas dialect), English Bikol languages|
Calauag is a municipality in the province of Quezon, a part of Calabarzon Region in the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 73,139 people. It is about 232 kilometres (144 mi) southeast of Manila and 95 kilometres (59 mi) east from Lucena, the Provincial Capital.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Energy Facilities
- 6 Local government
- 7 Education
- 8 Support Facilities
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Notable points of interest
- 11 Media
- 12 Notable natives/residents
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Calauag is located on the north-eastern end of Tayabas Isthmus. The Daang Maharlika or Pan-Philippine Highway runs at the town after Lopez in Southbound and after Santa Elena at the Northbound. At the north end of Quirino Highway, it meets Daang Maharlika in Barangay Tabugon. It also meets the north end of Sumulong–Guinayangan Provincial Road which also meets Daang Maharlika in Barangay Sumulong. It is bounded to the north-west by Calauag Bay, south-west by Lopez, to the east by Guinayangan, and to the north by Basiad Bay and Tinig Bay; it is separated from Alabat Island by a 1 kilometer narrow strait.
Calauag is subdivided into 90 Barangays (Villages):
- Apad Lutao
- Apad Quezon
- Apad Taisan
- Baclaran (Poblacion)
- Bagong Silang
- Barangay Uno (Poblacion)
- Barangay Dos (Poblacion)
- Barangay Tres (Poblacion)
- Barangay Cuatro (Poblacion)
- Barangay Cinco (Poblacion)
- Don Tomas
- Doña Aurora
- Kalibo [Santa Cruz]
- Kinalin Ibaba
- Kinalin Ilaya
- Maglipad [Rosario]
- Marilag [Punaya]
- Pinagbayanan (Poblacion)
- Pinagkamaligan (Poblacion)
- Pinagtalleran (Poblacion)
- Rizal Ibaba
- Rizal Ilaya
- Sabang Uno (Poblacion)
- Sabang Dos (Poblacion)
- San Quintin
- San Roque Ibaba
- San Roque Ilaya
- Santa Cecilia
- Santa Maria (Poblacion)
- Santa Milagrosa
- Santa Rosa
- Santo Angel [Pangahoy]
- Santo Domingo
- Villa Magsino
- Villa San Isidro
The town center (poblacion) consists of 12 barangays and 11 blocks from the PNR Station in the East to Pinagkamaligan ES on the west. Going west from Barangay Pinagtalleran via Quezon Street, there are five blocks of high concentration of shops, groceries and banks.
The Government Center is located at the South of the town which consists of Municipal Hall which houses the City Library, Fire Station, Police Station and Precinct, and the Municipal Council building. Quezon Plaza is a well used spot for programs and events. The Livelihood Center is two blocks away from the Plaza and Quezon Street. the Central Park is also located in front of the Plaza and the City Hall.
|Climate data for Calauag, Quezon|
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||21
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||220.9
Calauag has a Tropical Climate like most of the country. Summers are hot and dry while rainy season is cold and wet but has more bearable weather unlike in Manila. It also falls under the Type IV Tropical Climate which has Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.
According to the writings of Valentin Martin in his "Ensayo de una sintesis de los trabajos realizados sos las corporaciones religiosas Españolas de Filipinas", the first record of the establishment of a settlement in Calauag dates as far as the year 1584. However, the formal founding of the town was placed in the year 1851 with the union of the settlements in Apad and Calauag.
The first elected Captain of the town was Juan Sunog. In 1897 the town was placed the Revolutionary Government and Alipio Declaro became the Municipal President. In 1914 under Municipal President Marciano Roldan, the town was destroyed by fire for the first time in its history. On December 24, 1941, the town was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Army and on January 14, 1942, the town was again destroyed by fire. On April 19, 1945, the United States and Filipino forces liberated the town from Japanese occupation. The general headquarters of the Philippine Army and Constabulary under the Commonwealth regime was built and station in Calauag during and after the war from 1945 to 1946 against the Japanese.
Calauag experienced a big controversy due to a decade long boundary dispute with the town of Santa Elena in the Province of Camarines Norte which resulted in a Supreme Court case, Presidential intervention, and the loss of a quarter of its land area. The disputed barangays were Cabuluan, Don Tomas Morato, Guitol, Kagtalaba, Maulawin, Patag Ibaba, Patag Ilaya, Plaridel and Tabugon.
On October 14, 1991, the Provincial Government and Municipal Government of Calauag ordered the demolition of a boundary marker installed by the DENR. In October 1995, then President Fidel V. Ramos came to Calauag to meet with local officials to resolve the boundary dispute between the two provinces and surveyed the whole disputed area. Calauag retained its jurisdiction, however the case was elevated to the Supreme Court. The Case of Province of Quezon vs. Province of Camarines Norte eventually ruled in favor of Camarines Norte and Calauag ceased its political jurisdiction on the said barangays.
|Population census of Calauag|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Calauag is one of the major towns in Southern Quezon in terms of economy and population. Calauag is often known as the Communications and Transport Capital of Quezon due to presence of four bus companies and one communication company Headquartered in Calauag.
Calauag Quezon power system is provided by the Quezon 1 Electric Cooperative. Trans-Asia Renewable Energy will be constructed the 10 MW wind energy project soon to cope up the KW demand of the whole town.
The mayor for the 2013-2016 term is Luisito Visorde. Arcadio Mendoza is the town's incumbent vice mayor. The mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, a total of nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. The mayor has the direct control of the departments while the Municipal Administrator is indirectly in charge of all departments of the Government while the Vice Mayor is in charge of the Municipal Council which consists of seven Councilors and one Municipal Sangguniang Kabataan/SK (Youth Council) Chairman which are elected every three years and Municipal Administrator is appointed by the mayor.
Congressional and provincial legislators
In the 16th Congress of the House of Representatives, Calauag is Represented by Angelina Tan of the 4th congressional district of Quezon province while the disputed barangays are under 1st congressional District of Camarines Norte, Represented by Cathy Barcelona-Reyes. However, the disputed barangays still receive funds from some of the Board Members of Quezon province.
In the Provincial Council, the 4th District of Quezon is represented by four incumbent board members: Manuel Butardo, Gerald Ortiz and Rhodora Tan.
Public Schools are operated by the Department of Education-Quezon and divided by two districts: The East District and The West District. There are also one public high school that operates inside the town proper.
- Sabang Elementary School (K-6) on Quezon Street Ext.
- Pinagkamaligan Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street Ext.
- Calauag East Central Elementary School (K-6) on Declaro Street, between Bonifacio Street and Rizal Street
- Municipal Sector Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street beside the East Central Elementary School
- Santa Maria Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street
- Calauag National High School (7-12/Junior High School-Senior High School) on Maharlika Highway
- Calauag Central College (K-12+College level) on Rizal Street corner Arguelles Street
- Calauag Montessori
- Saint Peter's School (Catholic, Parochial School) (Junior High School-Senior High School) on Rizal Street beside the Saint Peter Parish
- Froebelian School of Calauag, Inc. (Pre-elem - G6) on Brgy. Cinco
Banks & Financial Institution
- UCPB Savings Bank
- Quezon Capital Rural Bank
- North Point Development Bank
- Legazpi Savings Bank, Inc. Calauag MBO
- Rural Bank of Paracale, Inc. Calauag MBO
- CARD Bank, Inc.
- Floaran Financing Corporation
- TSPI Development Corporation
- Peoples Credit and Financial Corporation
- First Inner Trade Credit Corporation
- Cebuana Lhuillier
- Villarica Pawnshop
- Palawan Pawnshop
- Raquel Pawnshop
- New Era Pawnshop
- USSC Western Union
- Calauag Pawnshop Corporation
- Pet Net Western Union
- J.V.E 1 & 2 Pawnshop
- G.D.S Pawnshop
- C.H.E Pawnshop
- R.G.L Pawnshop
- Caesar Vicencio Pawnshop
- Mercury Drug
- Generika Drug
- The Generics Pharmacy
- Carlos Superdrug
- South Star Drug
- New Era Pharmacy
- Adaya Pharmacy
Hotel & Resort/ Restaurant
- Villa Paraiso Hotel & Restaurant
- Villa Lin-el Hotel & Resort
Commercial Establishment & Convenience Store
- PYD Cellzone
- Castillo School Supplies and General Merchandise
- RMGM Shopping Center-Calauag Branch
- Al Galleria Mall Calauag
- 7-Eleven Caltex Service Station Maharlika Highway
- 7-Eleven Calauag Poblacion
- San Miguel Food Ave. Petron Station
Hospital & Medical Clinic
- St. Peter General Hospital
- Calauag Municipal Hospital
- Del Carmen Medical Clinic
- Holy Family Clinic
- Maravilla Medical Hospital
- Calauag Medical & Pediatric Clinic
Tertiary & TESDA Training School
- Calauag Central College
- Southern Luzon State University Calauag Extension Campus
- Calauag Montessori and Learning Center Foundation, Inc.
- ACEBA Science Technology Institute
- RNC Technical Learning Center, Inc.
Calauag is accessible by Land Transportation like bus, and train via PNR Hondagua of Bicol Express Service. Calauag Station is currently under renovation due to damages of Typhoons and Storms and the Intercity Service is currently defunct. Travelling around the town proper is no problem since there are thousands of tricycles circling the Town Proper.
Quezon I Electric Cooperative provides Electricity to the whole 3rd and 4th congressional district. Calauag Water District provides clean and potable water to the residents of the Town Proper and nearby barangays and taps water at the Yaganak-Mambaling Dam. The Local, NDD and DSL internet are provided by PLDT. While the wireless network and internet are provided by national telecommunications companies PLDT (Smart and Sun Cellular) and Globe. Digital Cable Television is provided by local cable operator (Calauag CATV System) though if you want better and HD channels, you may opt out getting national satellite television provider (Cignal, G Sat, or Dream). While gas may be purchased per tanks in gasoline stations or in local distributor. Gas pipeline is not offered in entire province unlike in other cities around the world.
Notable points of interest
- Capaluhan Beach
- Pulong Pasig
- Pangahoy Beach
- Santa Milagrosa Cave
- Calauag Central Park
- Calauag Crossing
- Quezon Plaza
- Yaganak Hanging Bridge
- The "C" Lighthouse
- Quezon Canal
- Calauag Municipal Library
- Pinagtalleran Playground
- Calauag East Central Elementary School
- Morato Family Ancestral House
Calauag and nearby towns were being served by Radyo Natin 100.9 FM and QuezoNews-FM 94.5
- Tomas Morato - last Municipal President (Jan. 1935-Dec. 1937) first Municipal Mayor of Calauag (Jan 1938-Dec 1940) . First Representative of the 2nd District of Tayabas
- Manoling Morato - PCSO Chairman and former TV host
- Arturo Morato Sr.- first licensed pilot (1936) and first Mayor of Tagkawayan, Quezon.
- Rey Danseco - International Boxing Judge, Journalist, TV Host, Radio Commentator
- Aiza Seguerra - singer
- Zanjoe Marudo - actor
- Edelyn Cornejo - former Star Circle Kid Questor, child actress
- Maria Regine Maravilla Talento - Star Circle Kid Questor, child actress
- Romeo Asinas - stuntman & fight scene instructor
- Raymundo Punongbayan - former director, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
- Madeleine Nicolas - stage and film actress
- Gerry Igos - 1989 Philippine cycling champion
- Mark Magsumbol - basketball player
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". 2015 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Office. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Municipality of Calauag". Quezon Province. Retrieved 2012-10-12.
- "Province of Camarines Norte Vs. Province of Quezon, Re: Urgent Petition to Cite Governor Eduardo T. Rodriguez of Quezon Province, and Mayor Julio U. Lim of Calauag Quezon, in contempt of court". G.R. No. 80796. Supreme Court of the Philippines. October 11, 2001. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Quezon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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