Benzoic acid, calcium salt
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|Molar mass||282.31 g/mol|
|2.32 g/100 mL (0 °C)
2.72 g/100 mL (20 °C)
8.7 g/100 mL (100 °C)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Calcium benzoate refers to the calcium salt of benzoic acid. When used in the food industry as a preservative, its E number is E213 (INS number 213); it is approved for use as a food additive in the EU, USA and Australia and New Zealand.
The formulas and structures of calcium carboxylate derivatives of calcium and related metals are complex. Generally the coordination number is eight and the carboxylates form Ca-O bonds. Another variable is the degree of hydration.
- UK Food Standards Agency: "Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers". Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code"Standard 1.2.4 - Labelling of ingredients". Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- H. Einspahr and C. E. Bugg "The geometry of calcium carboxylate interactions in crystalline complexes" Acta Cryst. (1981). B37, pages 1044-1052. doi:10.1107/S0567740881005037
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