Calculus (disambiguation)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Calculus (from Latin calculus meaning ‘pebble’, plural calculī) in its most general sense is any method or system of calculation.

Calculus may refer to:

Mathematics[edit]

Logic[edit]

  • Logical calculus, a formal system that defines a language and rules to derive an expression from premises.
  • Calculus of relations, manipulation of binary relations with the algebra of sets, composition of relations, and transpose relations
  • Epsilon calculus, a logical language which replaces quantifiers with the epsilon operator
  • Fitch-style calculus, a method for constructing formal proofs used in first-order logic
  • Modal μ-calculus, a common temporal logic used by formal verification methods such as model checking

Physics[edit]

Formal language[edit]

  • Domain relational calculus, a calculus for the relational data model
  • Join calculus, a theoretical model for distributed programming
  • Lambda calculus, a formulation of the theory of reflexive functions that has deep connections to computational theory
  • Pi-calculus, a formulation of the theory of concurrent, communicating processes that was invented by Robin Milner
  • Refinement calculus, a way of refining models of programs into efficient programs
  • Rho calculus, introduced as a general means to uniformly integrate rewriting and lambda calculus
  • Tuple calculus, a calculus for the relational data model, inspired the SQL language

Other meanings[edit]