Calcutta High Court

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Calcutta High Court
Calcutta High Court.jpg
Calcutta High Court building
Established1 July 1862; 159 years ago (1862-07-01)
LocationPrincipal Seat: Kolkata, West Bengal
Circuit Benches: Jalpaiguri & Port Blair (A & N Islands)
Coordinates22°34′6″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56833°N 88.34333°E / 22.56833; 88.34333Coordinates: 22°34′6″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56833°N 88.34333°E / 22.56833; 88.34333
Composition methodPresidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized byConstitution of India
Judge term lengthTill 62 years of age
Number of positions72
{54 Permanent ; 18 Addl.}
Websitecalcuttahighcourt.gov.in
Chief Justice
CurrentlyRajesh Bindal[1](acting)
Since29 April 2021

The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India. It is located in B.B.D. Bagh, Kolkata, West Bengal. It has jurisdiction over the state of West Bengal and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The High Court building's design is based on the Cloth Hall, Ypres, in Belgium.[2]

The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 72. The structure was designed by Walter Long Bozzi Granville.

History[edit]

Calcutta High Court in the 1860s

The Calcutta High Court is one of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Letters patent granted by Queen Victoria, bearing date 26 June 1862, and is the oldest High Court in India. It was established as the High Court of Judicature at Fort William on 1 July 1862 under the High Courts Act, 1861, which was preceded by the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William.

Calcutta High Court in the 1890s

Despite the name of the city having officially changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001, the Court, as an institution retained the old name. The bill to rename it as Kolkata High Court was approved by the Union Cabinet on 5 July 2016 along with the renaming of its two other counterparts in Chennai and Mumbai.[3] The Bill called High Courts (Alternation of Names) Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 19 July 2016[4] and is yet to be passed by both Houses of Parliament. Hence, the High Court still retains the old name.

Principal seat and benches[edit]

The seat of the Calcutta High Court is at Kolkata, capital of West Bengal. As per the Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act, 1953, the Calcutta High Court's jurisdiction was extended to cover Chandernagore (now called Chandannagar) and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as of 2 May 1950. The Calcutta High Court extended its Circuit Bench in Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and in Jalpaiguri, the divisional headquarters of the North Bengal region. On 7 February 2019, President Ram Nath Kovind finalised the opening of the other circuit bench in Jalpaiguri, West Bengal with the jurisdiction area[5] within 5 districts- Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Cooch Behar.

Chief Justice[edit]

The current Acting Chief Justice of the court is Justice Rajesh Bindal.[6]

Sir Barnes Peacock was the first Chief Justice of the High Court. He assumed the charge when the court was founded on 1 July 1862. Justice Romesh Chandra Mitra was the first Indian officiating Chief Justice and Justice Phani Bhushan Chakravartti was the first Indian permanent Chief Justice of the court. The longest-serving Chief Justice was Justice Sankar Prasad Mitra.

On 20 September 1871, the acting Chief Justice, Sir John Paxton Norman, was murdered on the steps of the courthouse by a Wahabi Muslim named Abdullah.[7][8]

List of Chief Justices[edit]

For Chief Justices of the previous Supreme Court of Bengal see Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William.

# Chief Justice Term
1 Sir Barnes Peacock 1862–1870
2 Sir Richard Couch 1870–1875
3 Sir Richard Garth 1875–1886
4 Sir William Comer Petheram 1886–1896
5 Sir Francis William Maclean 1896–1909
6 Sir Lawrence Hugh Jenkins 1909–1915
7 Sir Lancelot Sanderson 1915–1926
8 Sir George Claus Rankin 1926–1934
9 Sir Harold Derbyshire 1934–1946
10 Sir Arthur Trevor Harries 1946–1952
After Indian Independence
11 Shri Phani Bhusan Chakravartti 1952–1958
12 Shri Kulada Charan Das Gupta 1958–1959
13 Shri Surajit Chandra Lahiri 1959–1961
14 Shri Himansu Kumar Bose 1961–1966
15 Deep Narayan Sinha 1966–1970
16 Shri Prasanta Bihari Mukharji 1970–1972
17 Shri Sankar Prasad Mitra 1972–1979
18 Shri Amarendra Nath Sen 1979–1981
19 Shri Sambhu Chandra Ghose 1981–1983
20 Shri Samarendra Chandra Deb January 1983 – February 1983
21 Shri Satish Chandra 1983–1986
22 Shri Anil Kumar Sen September 1986 – October 1986
23 Shri Chittatosh Mookerjee 1 November 1986 – 1 November 1987
24 Shri Debi Singh Tewatia 1 November 1987 – 1988
25 Shri Prabodh Dinkarrao Desai 1988–1991
26 Shri Nagendra Prasad Singh 4 February 1992 – 14 June 1992
27 Shri Anandamoy Bhattacharjee 1992–1994
28 Shri Krishna Chandra Agarwal 1994–1996
29 V. N. Khare 2 February 1996 – 20 March 1997
30 Shri Prabha Shankar Mishra 1997–1998
31 Shri Ashok Kumar Mathur 22 December 1999 – 6 June 2004
32 Shri V. S. Sirpurkar 20 March 2005 – 11 January 2007
33 Shri Surinder Singh Nijjar 8 March 2007 – 16 November 2009
34 Shri Mohit Shantilal Shah 24 December 2009 – 25 June 2010
35 Shri Jai Narayan Patel 2010 – 4 October 2012
36 Shri Kalyan Jyoti Sengupta 5 October 2012 – 30 October 2012
37 Shri Arun Kumar Mishra 14 December 2012 – 6 July 2014
38 Manjula Chellur 5 August 2014 – 21 August 2016
39 Shri Girish Chandra Gupta 21 August 2016 – 30 November 2016
40 Shri Nishita Nirmal Mhatre 1 December 2016 – 20 September 2017
41 Shri Rakesh Tiwari 20 September 2017 – 24 October 2017
42 Shri Jyotirmay Bhattacharya 25 October 2017 – 30 April 2018
1 May 2018 – 24 September 2018
43 Shri Debasish Kar Gupta 25 September 2018 – 29 October 2018
30 October 2018 – 31 December 2018
44 Shri Biswanath Somadder 1 January 2019 — 3 April 2019
45 Shri Thottathil B. Radhakrishnan 4 April 2019 — 28 April 2021
46 Shri Rajesh Bindal 29 April 2021 —Incumbent

Judges[edit]

The court has a Sanctioned strength of 72 (Permanent:54, Additional:18) judges.

Judges Elevated to the Supreme Court of India-

Sr. No Name of the Judge, Justice Date of Elevation Date of Retirement Parent High Court
1 Indira Banerjee 7 August 2018 23 September 2022 Calcutta
2 Aniruddha Bose 24 May 2019 10 April 2024 Calcutta

Judges Transferred/Elevated from the Calcutta High Court-

Sr. No. Name of the Judge, Justice Recruitment Date of Appointment Date of Retirement Remark
1 Biswanath Somadder BAR 22 June 2006 14 December 2025 Chief Justice of Meghalaya High Court
2 Dipankar Datta BAR 22 June 2006 8 February 2027 Chief Justice of Bombay High Court
3 Sanjib Banerjee BAR 22 June 2006 1 November 2023 Chief Justice of Madras High Court
4 Joymalya Bagchi BAR 27 June 2011 2 October 2028 Judge of Andhra Pradesh High Court
5 Sudip Ahluwalia SERVICE 1 October 2013 30 December 2021 Judge of Punjab and Haryana High Court

Sitting Judges of Calcutta High Court-

Building[edit]

The neo-Gothic High Court building was constructed in 1872, ten years after the establishment of the court itself. The design, by then government architect Walter Granville, was loosely modelled on the 13th-century Cloth Hall at Ypres, Belgium.[2] In 1977 another building named High Court Centenary Building or annexed building was inaugurated to reduce the pressure.[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.calcuttahighcourt.gov.in/Judges/CJ-and-Judges
  2. ^ a b "Court's official website". Archived from the original on 6 March 2007. Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  3. ^ "Cabinet renames high courts in Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai". 5 July 2016.
  4. ^ PTI. "Govt. moves Bill to change names of High Courts". thehindu.com. Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Orders/notification of establishment of a bench of Calcutta High Court at Jalpaiguri (English/ Hindi) (07.02.2019)" (PDF). Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Chief Justices appointed to Five High Courts [Read Notifications] - Bar & Bench". Bar & Bench. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  7. ^ Ivermee, Robert. Secularism, Islam and Education in India, 1830–1910.
  8. ^ James, Halen. "The Assassination of Lord Mayo : The "First" Jihad?" (PDF). IJAPS,Vol 5, No.2 (July 2009). Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  9. ^ HISTORICAL BACKGROUND. "CITY SESSIONS COURT, CALCUTTA". calcuttahighcourt.nic.in. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2017.

External links[edit]