Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

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Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
Medical College, Bengal Logo.svg
MottoLatin: Cum Humanitate Scientia
Motto in English
Humanity and Science
Established28 January 1835; 186 years ago (28 January 1835)
FounderLord William Bentinck
Academic affiliations
West Bengal University of Health Sciences
PrincipalManju Bandyopadhyay
88 College Street, Kolkata 700001

22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619Coordinates: 22°34′25″N 88°21′43″E / 22.5736°N 88.3619°E / 22.5736; 88.3619
26 acres (0.11 km2)

Calcutta Medical College, officially Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, is a public medical school and hospital in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The institute was established on 28 January 1835 by Lord William Bentinck during British Raj as Medical College, Bengal.

It is the second oldest medical college to teach Western medicine in Asia after Ecole de Médicine de Pondichéry and the first institute to teach in English language. The hospital associated with the college is the largest hospital in West Bengal. The college offers MBBS degree after five and a half years of medical training.

Frontal facade of the administrative block


University and college rankings
Medical – India
NIRF (2021)[2]32
Outlook India (2019)[3]19

The college was ranked 19th among medical colleges in India in 2019 by Outlook India.[4]

For the first time Medical College, Kolkata ranked 32nd among Medical Institution by National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2021.[2]


In Memory of Sree Dhiraranjan Sen

Student politics is rooted in tradition, with many students participating in the Indian freedom struggle.[5] Anti-British movements were implemented with the programmes of Bengal Provincial Students' Federation (BPSF),[5] the Bengal branch of All India Students' Federation. Student politics was initially focused on the independence of India.[5] In 1947, Sree Dhiraranjan Sen, a student of the college, died during a Vietnam Day police firing.[6] The Vietnam Students’ Association passed a resolution in its Hanoi session in memory of Sen in March 1947.[7]

Student politics were highly influenced by the partition of Bengal and communal riots during and after the partition of India.[8] Between 1946 and 1952, the college's doctors stood for communal harmony and worked hard in the refugee colonies. During 1952, ex-students of the college, among them Bidhan Chandra Roy who became the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, established the Students' Health Home for the welfare of students.[8][9]

From the 1950s to the 1970s, the college became a centre of leftist and far-left politics.[10] Student politics was highly influenced by the Naxalbari uprising in the early 1970s.[11]


In August 2003, the then union health minister Sushma Swaraj had given the in-principle assented nod to the upgrade of MCH, Kolkata on the lines of AIIMS.[12]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Data for NIRF'2020'" (PDF). Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata Feb 13, 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 (Medical)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 9 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Outlook Ranking: India's Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2019 Outlook India Magazine". Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  4. ^ "India's Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2019". Outlook. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Dāśagupta, Hīrena; Adhikārī, Harinārāẏaṇa (2008). Bhāratīẏa Upamāhādeśera chātra āndolana [Student Movement in Indian Sub-continent] (in Bengali). Kalakātā: Ryāḍikyāla. ISBN 8185459800.
  6. ^ Bengal Legislative Council Debates (1947). 1947. pp. 79–88.
  7. ^ Chattopadhyay, Gautam. ভারতের ছাত্র আন্দোলনের ইতিহাস [History of India's student movement] (in Bengali).
  8. ^ a b Jha, Purnendu; Banerjee, Naresh (2003). পিপলস্ রিলিফ কমিটি দ্যুতিময় ইতিবৃত্ত [People's Relief Committee:A Glowing Account] (in Bengali). People's Relief Committee. pp. 11, 42–61.
  9. ^ Chattopadhaya, Pashupatinath (2001). স্টুডেন্টস্ হেলথ হোম(প্রথম দশক) [Students' Health Home (The First Decade)] (in Bengali). Arun Sen Memorial Committee.
  10. ^ Chakraborty, Shyamal (2011). 60–70 Er Chatra Andolan (in Bengali). N.B.A Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9788176262408.
  11. ^ Mitra, Saibal. Saater Chhatra Andolon [An essay on Student Movement of Sixties] (in Bengali). ISBN 81-7990-069-X.
  12. ^ "Calcutta Medical College AIIMS high". The Times of India Aug 4, 2003, 01:32 IST. Kolkata. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Profile on SERB" (PDF). Scientific and Engineering Research Board. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 27 December 2018.


  • David Arnold, Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth Century India, Delhi, 1993
  • Calcutta Medical College, The Centenary of the Medical College, Bengal, 1835–1934. Calcutta, 1935
  • Das, Anirban; Sen, Samita (2011). "A history of the Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, 1835–1936". In Dasgupta, Uma (ed.). Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, C. 1784–1947. Pearson Education India. pp. 477–522. ISBN 978-81-317-2818-5.
  • Poonam Bala, Imperialism and Medicine in Bengal: A Socio-Historical Perspective, New Delhi, 1991
  • Sen, S.N., Scientific and Technical Education in India 1781–1900, Indian National Science Academy, 1991

External links[edit]