|• Administrative body||Edmonton City Council|
|• Councillor||Bev Esslinger|
|• Total||1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||679 m (2,228 ft)|
|• Density||3,006.7/km2 (7,787/sq mi)|
|• Change (2009–12)||0.3%|
Calder is a residential neighbourhood in northwest Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The area was originally part of the Hudson's Bay Company reserve and was settled by employees of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.
As described below, Calder was originally an independent village incorporated under the name of West Edmonton that was developed to house the workforce at the railway's roundhouse, repair shop and shunt yards. Calder became a part of the City of Edmonton in 1917.
The neighbourhood is bounded by 127 Street to the west, 132 Avenue to the north, 113A Street to the east, and 127 Avenue to the south. It also includes a small area south of 127 Avenue and north of the Canadian National rail line between 124 Street and 127 Street.
Village of West Edmonton (Calder)
West Edmonton or Calder was originally a village that was absorbed by the City of Edmonton on April 17, 1917. Comprising one quarter section, it was incorporated as the Village of West Edmonton on July 6, 1910. Within three years, the community was referred to as the Village of Calder.
The former village was located at the northeast corner of 127 Street and 127 Avenue just north of the Hudson's Bay Company reserve lands. The Hudson's Bay Company, "hoping to benefit from rising real estate prices in pre World War I Edmonton, delayed the sale and development of about 1,600 acres (6 km2) of its reserve lands."
The community owed its existence to the railway. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway located its roundhouse, repair shops and shunting yard near the site of the community.
In the City of Edmonton's 2012 municipal census, Calder had a population of 4,059 living in 1,960 dwellings, a 0.3% change from its 2009 population of 4,047. With a land area of 1.35 km2 (0.52 sq mi), it had a population density of 3,006.7 people/km2 in 2012.
According to the 2001 federal census, approximately one residence in eight (11.5%) predates the end of World War II, with some of these residences dating from as early as 1910. However, most of the residences in the modern neighbourhood of Calder date from after 1945. Just under half (44.5%) of all residences were built between 1946 and 1960. One in five residences (17.1%) were built during the 1960s and another one in five residences (19.0%) were built during the 1970s. The remaining 7.8% were built after 1980.
The most common type of residence in the neighbourhood, according to the 2005 municipal census, is the single-family dwelling. These account for approximately two out of every three (65%) of all the residences in the neighbourhood. Another one in five residences (19%) are duplexes. One in seven residences (14%) are rented apartments in low-rise buildings with fewer than five stories. There are a few other types of residences in the neighbourhood accounting for approximately 1% of all residences. Just over half the residences (55%) are owner-occupied and just under half the residences (45%) are rented.
The population of the neighbourhood is somewhat mobile. According to the 2005 municipal census, roughly one resident in five (18.2%) had moved within the previous twelve months. Another one in five residents (20.2%) had moved within the previous one to three years. Just under half the residents (47.2%) had lived at the same address for five years or longer.
There are two schools in the neighbourhood. Calder Elementary School is operated by the Edmonton Public School System and the St. Edmund Catholic Elementary Junior High School is operated by the Edmonton Catholic School System.
- "City of Edmonton Wards & Standard Neighbourhoods" (PDF). City of Edmonton. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Edmonton Developing and Planned Neighbourhoods, 2011" (PDF). City of Edmonton. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 4, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "City Councillors". City of Edmonton. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Neighbourhoods (data plus kml file)". City of Edmonton. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Municipal Census Results – Edmonton 2012 Census". City of Edmonton. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- From the neighbourhood description in the City of Edmonton Map Utility.
- "Real Estate Weekly". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-12-22.
- "City of Edmonton – Maps". City of Edmonton. Retrieved 2011-05-13.
- "Calder Community League". Calder Community League. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- Kuban, Ron (2005). Edmonton's Urban Villages: The Community League Movement. University of Alberta Press. ISBN 9781459303249.
- History of Annexations (PDF) (PDF). City of Edmonton, Planning and Development Department. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- "Establishment of Villages" (PDF). Government of Alberta. 1910-07-06. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Chapter 23: An Act to consolidate and amend the Edmonton Charter" (PDF). Government of Alberta. 1913-03-25. p. 4. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "2009 Municipal Census Results". City of Edmonton. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Date of the earliest residences is from the neighbourhood description in the City of Edmonton Map Utility.
- Duplexes include triplexes and fourplexes.