Caldwell County, Missouri

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Caldwell County, Missouri
FarWestMonument.jpg
Map of Missouri highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1836
Named for John Caldwell
Seat Kingston
Largest city Hamilton
Area
 • Total 430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Land 426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 9,014
 • Density 22/sq mi (8/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.caldwellco.missouri.org

Caldwell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 9,424.[1] Its county seat is Kingston.[2] The county was organized December 29, 1836 and named by Alexander Doniphan to honor John Caldwell, who participated in the George Rogers Clark Native American Campaign of 1786 and was the second Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky.

It was originally established as a haven for the Mormons, who had been previously driven from Jackson County in November 1833 and had been refugees in adjacent Clay County ever since. The county was one of the principal settings of the 1838 Missouri Mormon War, which led to the expulsion of all Latter-Day Saints from Missouri following the issuance of a "extermination order" by then Governor Lilburn Boggs.

Caldwell County is part of the Kansas City, Missouri, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Mormon settlement[edit]

Caldwell County was originally part of Ray County. The first white settler was Jesse Mann, Sr., who settled one-half mile northeast of the public square of Kingston on Shoal Creek in 1831. The early settlers moved back south in 1832 for better protection during the Black Hawk War uprising.

A few Mormon settlers, who had been evicted from Jackson County, Missouri, moved into the county in 1832, and included Jacob Haun, whose mill on Shoal Creek would become the scene of the bloodiest incident in the Mormon War, known as the Haun's Mill Massacre.

The settlers established Salem, the first town in the county, two miles southeast of Kingston. A larger number of Mormons moved to the county in the fall of 1836. The Missouri General Assembly created Caldwell County in December 1836, with the understanding that it would be dedicated to Mormon settlers. Its county seat was Far West, Missouri. By 1838 Far West reported a population of 4,000.[3]

The major figures of early Mormon history, including Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Brigham Young, John Taylor, Edward Partridge, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt and John D. Lee, were included in the migration.

Mormon War[edit]

Mormon settlers moved further north into Daviess County, particularly at Adam-ondi-Ahman after Smith proclaimed that it was the Biblical place where Adam and Eve were banished after leaving the Garden of Eden. He said it would be a gathering place on the Judgement Day. The Mormon War erupted following a skirmish between original Missouri settlers and Mormon settlers in the Gallatin Election Day Battle.

After the Missouri militia was routed in the Battle of Crooked Creek, Governor Lilburn Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 to evict the Mormons from the state. Three days later, a group from Livingston County killed 18 Mormons in the Haun's Mill massacre. Troops laid siege to Far West, where Smith surrendered in October 1838. The settlers agreed to leave; they abandoned Far West and regrouped in Nauvoo, Illinois.

Following the dissolution of Far West, the county seat was moved to present-day Kingston.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 430 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 426 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.8%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

[5]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,458
18502,31058.4%
18605,034117.9%
187011,390126.3%
188013,64619.8%
189015,15211.0%
190016,6569.9%
191014,605−12.3%
192013,849−5.2%
193012,509−9.7%
194011,629−7.0%
19509,929−14.6%
19608,830−11.1%
19708,351−5.4%
19808,6603.7%
19908,380−3.2%
20008,9697.0%
20109,4245.1%
Est. 20169,062[6]−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,969 people, 3,523 households, and 2,501 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (21/mi²). There were 4,493 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (10/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,523 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,240, and the median income for a family was $37,087. Males had a median income of $28,710 versus $19,523 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,343. 11.90% of the population and 9.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.10% of those under the age of 18 and 12.90% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

Public Schools[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Breckenridge Public Library[12]
  • Hamilton Public Library[13]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Caldwell County. Republicans hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Caldwell County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Beverly Alden Republican
Circuit Clerk Carrie Miller Democratic
County Clerk Beverly Bryant Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
C.R. (Bud) Motsinger Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Donald Raymond Cox Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Gerald McBrayer Republican
Coroner Dana Brown Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Brady C. Kopek Republican
Public Administrator Richard Lee Republican
Recorder Julie Hill Republican
Sheriff Jerry Galloway Republican
Surveyor Mark Hawkins Republican
Treasurer June Grooms Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.10% 2,276 33.40% 1,443 3.50% 151
2012 50.39% 2,092 45.33% 1,882 4.29% 178
2008 44.58% 2,014 52.26% 2,361 3.16% 143
2004 56.40% 2,419 41.87% 1,796 1.73% 74
2000 52.01% 2,006 44.10% 1,701 3.89% 150
1996 38.04% 1,314 58.80% 2,031 3.16% 109

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 8th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Jim Neely (R-Cameron).

Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 3,387 100.00% +25.83
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Caldwell County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 1,668 74.17% +6.50
Democratic Ted Rights 581 25.83% -6.50
Missouri House of Representatives — District 8 — Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James W. (Jim) Neely 2,687 67.67%
Democratic James T. (Jim) Crenshaw 1,284 32.33%

All of Caldwell County is a part of Missouri’s 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Denny Hoskins (R-Warrensburg).

Missouri Senate — District 21 — Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Denny Hoskins 3,039 72.98% +6.24
Democratic ElGene Ver Dught 858 20.61% -5.37
Libertarian Bill Wayne 267 6.41% -0.87
Missouri Senate — District 21 — Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Pearce 2,669 66.74%
Democratic ElGene Ver Dught 1,039 25.98%
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 291 7.28%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Senate — Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 2,513 58.25% +12.77
Democratic Jason Kander 1,517 35.16% -9.15
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 153 3.55% -6.66
Green Johnathan McFarland 78 1.81% +1.81
Constitution Fred Ryman 53 1.23% +1.23
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 1,880 45.48%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 1,832 44.31%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 422 10.21%

All of Caldwell County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 3,184 74.62% +2.63
Democratic David M. Blackwell 863 20.22% -0.52
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 154 3.61% -3.66
Green Mike Diel 66 1.55% +1.55
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Caldwell County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 1,624 71.99% +1.39
Democratic W.A. (Bill) Hedges 468 20.74% -4.28
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 164 7.27% +2.89
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Caldwell County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 2,898 70.60%
Democratic Kyle Yarber 1,027 25.02%
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 180 4.38%
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.0% 3,232 19.4% 838 5.6% 242
2012 65.3% 2,721 31.5% 1,312 3.2% 134
2008 58.2% 2,654 39.8% 1,814 2.1% 96
2004 60.8% 2,593 38.5% 1,645 0.7% 30
2000 57.7% 2,220 38.7% 1,488 3.7% 142
1996 42.2% 1,464 42.9% 1,487 14.9% 517
1992 31.9% 1,295 35.9% 1,456 32.2% 1,304
1988 54.4% 2,074 45.3% 1,726 0.4% 14
1984 66.0% 2,678 34.0% 1,382
1980 60.4% 2,551 36.5% 1,541 3.2% 134
1976 49.5% 2,094 49.9% 2,113 0.6% 26
1972 72.0% 3,167 28.0% 1,231
1968 57.8% 2,631 32.7% 1,490 9.5% 430
1964 46.2% 2,125 53.8% 2,475
1960 64.2% 3,115 35.8% 1,736
1956 62.5% 3,216 37.5% 1,929
1952 66.8% 3,755 33.1% 1,860 0.1% 4
1948 57.5% 2,687 42.5% 1,985 0.1% 4
1944 62.8% 3,384 37.1% 2,001 0.2% 8
1940 59.2% 3,976 40.6% 2,728 0.1% 9
1936 55.7% 3,792 44.2% 3,014 0.1% 7
1932 47.4% 2,688 52.0% 2,949 0.7% 40
1928 65.8% 4,167 34.2% 2,164
1924 58.7% 3,545 39.4% 2,383 1.9% 115
1920 62.3% 4,168 37.4% 2,498 0.3% 22
1916 54.7% 2,069 44.5% 1,683 0.7% 28
1912 32.3% 1,187 40.4% 1,483 27.3% 1,004
1908 57.6% 2,161 41.0% 1,540 1.4% 54
1904 60.9% 2,276 36.1% 1,350 2.9% 110
1900 54.8% 2,235 42.2% 1,722 3.0% 121
1896 50.2% 2,115 48.7% 2,053 1.1% 47
1892 47.2% 1,750 37.4% 1,388 15.4% 572
1888 51.6% 1,853 42.6% 1,528 5.9% 210

Missouri Presidential Preference Primaries[edit]

2016[edit]

The 2016 presidential primaries for both the Republican and Democratic parties were held in Missouri on March 15. Businessman Donald Trump (R-New York) narrowly won the state overall, as well as a plurality of the vote in Caldwell County.

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary – Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Donald Trump 780 43.67
Republican Ted Cruz 701 39.25
Republican John Kasich 149 8.34
Republican Marco Rubio 96 5.38
Republican Others/Uncommitted 60 3.36

On the Democratic side, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (D-New York) won statewide by a small margin, but lost Caldwell County to Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vermont).

Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary – Caldwell County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bernie Sanders 314 55.58
Democratic Hillary Clinton 244 43.19
Democratic Others/Uncommitted 7 1.24

2012[edit]

The 2012 Missouri Republican Presidential Primary's results were nonbinding on the state's national convention delegates. Voters in Caldwell County supported former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pennsylvania), who finished first in the state at large, but eventually lost the nomination to former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts). Delegates to the congressional district and state conventions were chosen at a county caucus, which selected delegations favoring Romney.

2008[edit]

In 2008, the Missouri Republican Presidential Primary was closely contested, with Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) prevailing and eventually winning the nomination.

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary – Caldwell County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John McCain 363 36.05
Republican Mike Huckabee 302 29.99
Republican Mitt Romney 242 24.03
Republican Ron Paul 77 7.65
Republican Others/Uncommitted 23 2.28

Then-Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes than any candidate from either party in Caldwell County during the 2008 presidential primary. Despite initial reports that Clinton had won Missouri, Barack Obama (D-Illinois), also a Senator at the time, narrowly defeated her statewide and later became that year's Democratic nominee, going on to win the presidency.

Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary – Caldwell County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Hillary Clinton 616 59.40
Democratic Barack Obama 379 36.55
Democratic Others/Uncommitted 42 4.06

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Townships[edit]

Caldwell County is divided into 12 townships:

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1] Archived September 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  5. ^ "MoDOT Traveler Information Map". traveler.modot.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Breckenridge Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  13. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Hamilton Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-24. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Caldwell County, Missouri at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 39°40′N 93°59′W / 39.66°N 93.98°W / 39.66; -93.98