Caledon, Ontario

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Town (lower-tier)
Town of Caledon
Highway 10 through Caledon
Highway 10 through Caledon
Flag of Caledon
Official logo of Caledon
Caledon is located in Southern Ontario
Caledon's location within southern Ontario
Coordinates: 43°52′N 79°52′W / 43.867°N 79.867°W / 43.867; -79.867Coordinates: 43°52′N 79°52′W / 43.867°N 79.867°W / 43.867; -79.867
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Regional municipalityPeel Region
EstablishedJanuary 1, 1974
 • TypeTown
 • MayorAllan Thompson (List)
 • Governing BodyCaledon Town Council
 • MPDavid Tilson (CPC)
 • MPPSylvia Jones (PC)
 • Land688.15 km2 (265.70 sq mi)
Highest elevation[2]485 m (1,591 ft)
Lowest elevation[3]221 m (725 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total66,502
 • Density96.6/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Forward sortation areaL7C, L7K
Area code(s)905, 519

Caledon (2016 population 66,502) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. Caledon is a developing urban area although it remains primarily rural. It consists of an amalgamation of a number of urban areas, villages, and hamlets; its major urban centre is Bolton on its eastern side adjacent to York Region.

Caledon is one of three municipalities of Peel Region. The town is just northwest of the city of Brampton. At over 688 km², Caledon is the largest city or town by area in the Greater Toronto Area.

Maclean's magazine named Caledon the safest town in Canada to live in for two years running.[4] However, local media reported in 2010 that crime rates have increased since the Maclean's article.[5]


By 1869, Belfountain was a Village with a population of 100 in the Township of Caledon County Peel. It was established on the Credit River. There were stagecoaches to Erin and Georgetown. The average price of land was $20.[6]

Caledon inherited the name from Caledon Township, which was likely named by settlers, like Edward Ellis (who came from the area around Caledon, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland) or by public voting.[7]


According to the 2016 Canadian Census[8] the population of Caledon is 66,503, a 11.8% increase from 2011. The population density is 96.6 people per square km. The median age is 41 years old, basically on par with the national median at 41.2 years old.[9] There are 21,255 private dwellings. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Caledon is $474,087 which is significantly higher than the national average at $280,552. The median household income (after-taxes) in Caledon is $83,454, much higher than the national average at $54,089. The average individual's income is $53,870.[8]

Caledon is mostly made up of persons of European descent. Other ethnic groups in Caledon include:

Most persons in Caledon are either Christian (77.5%), or affiliated with no religion (18.6%). 2.0% are Muslim, and the remaining 1.9% are of another religion.

Caledon has received some migration of visible minorities. 4.97% of Caledon's population consisted of visible minorities at the time of the 2011 census. Within that percentage, the breakdown (from highest to lowest) was Blacks at 30.74%, South Asians at 27.94%, Chinese at 8.38%, West Asian at 7.19%, and Latino at 6.79%.[10] Caledon also has small Arab, Japanese, Korean and Filipino communities.

Historical populations
Source: Statistics Canada
Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
South Asian 6,635 10
Chinese 695 0.1
Black 1,880 2.8
Filipino 535 0.08
Latin American 905 1.3
Southeast Asian 195 0.02
Other visible minority 1,305 1.9
Total visible minority population 12,150 18.34
Aboriginal group
First Nations 910 0.1
Métis 230 0.03
Inuit 50 0.0007
Total Aboriginal population 1190 0.17
White 52,880 79.8
Total population 66,220 100


According to the 2011 Census, 76.8% of the town's population spoke English as their mother tongue. Other common mother tongues included Italian (8.1% of the population), followed by Punjabi (1.6%), Portuguese (1.4%), German (1.3%), Polish (1.2%) and Spanish (1.2%).[12]

Mother tongue Population Percentage
English 45,490 76.83%
Italian 4,815 8.13%
Punjabi 975 1.65%
Portuguese 840 1.42%
German 765 1.29%
Polish 740 1.25%
Spanish 725 1.22%
French 580 0.98%
Croatian 310 0.52%
Greek 230 0.39%


Caledon in the Regional Municipality of Peel
Allan Thompson, Mayor of Caledon

Caledon is divided into five wards represented on town council by:[13]

  • Mayor Allan Thompson
  • Area Councillor Ward 1 Doug Beffort
  • Area Councillor Ward 2 Gord McClure
  • Area Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Nick deBoer
  • Area Councillor Ward 5 Rob Mezzapelli

and on regional council by:[13]

  • Mayor Allan Thompson
  • Regional Councillor Ward 1 Barb Shaughnessy
  • Regional Councillor Ward 2 Johanna Downey
  • Regional Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Jennifer Innis
  • Regional Councillor Ward 5 Annette Groves

Per capita, Caledon has by far the largest representation on Peel Regional Council among the three municipalities.



The Peel District School Board operates secular Anglophone schools. The Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board operates Catholic Anglophone separate schools. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.

School (Location)

  • Allan Drive Middle School (Bolton)
  • Alloa Public School (Caledon)
  • Alton Public School (Alton)
  • Belfountain Public School (Belfountain)
  • Bolton Montessori School (Private)
  • Brampton Christian School (Private)
  • Caledon Central Public School (Caledon Village)
  • Caledon East Public School (Caledon East)
  • Countryside Montessori and Private School
  • Creative Children's Montessori School (Bolton)
  • Credit View Public School (Cheltenham)
  • Ellwood Memorial Public School (Bolton)
  • Herb Campbell Public School (Campbell's Cross)
  • Headwater Hills Montessori School (Private)
  • Holy Family Elementary School (Bolton)
  • Humberview Secondary School (Bolton)
  • Huttonville Public School (Huttonville)
  • King's College School (Private)
  • James Bolton Public School (Bolton)
  • Macville Public School (Bolton)
  • Mayfield Secondary School (Caledon)
  • Palgrave Public School (Palgrave)
  • Pope John Paul II Elementary School (Bolton)
  • Robert F. Hall Catholic Secondary School (Caledon East)
  • SouthFields Village Public School (Southfields Village)
  • St. Cornelius Elementary School (Caledon East)
  • St. John the Baptist Elementary School (Bolton)
  • St. Nicholas Elementary School (Bolton)
  • St Michael Catholic Secondary School (Bolton)


Unlike Brampton and Mississauga, Caledon does not have any municipally-owned heritage attractions; its stories are told and its records are stored by the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives in downtown Brampton.


Established in 1888 as the Cardwell Observer,[15] The Caledon Enterprise is published weekly from Bolton by Metroland Media.[16] Also based out of Bolton is The Caledon Citizen, established in 1982. A MELINIUM paper, it is published by Caledon Publishing Ltd.[17] A third newspaper was launched by Rick and Shelly Sargent in 2010: The Regional, published monthly in Bolton. In November 2012, this paper was acquired by Caledon Publishing and ceased publication. The Sargents began working with the Caledon Citizen.

In January 2015 an online publication, specific to Caledon, called, was started by former Bolton Ward 5 Regional Councillor Patti Foley. publishes stories about local residents and businesses as well as Caledon event listings, Town Council highlights, opinion pieces, and a food section about local markets and restaurants.

A short-lived student-run newspaper, The Caledon Underground, was published in 2010.

There are no television stations in Caledon, which is within the broadcast area of stations in Greater Toronto Area and Hamilton.

Key Porter Books and parent H.B. Fenn are headquartered in Bolton. Broadcast radio stations CJFB-FM and CFGM-FM.

History and trails[edit]

  • Brick Work Ruins (Caledon)
  • Bruce Trail (Caledon)
  • Caledon Trailway (Caledon)
  • Canadian Heritage Humber River (Caledon)
  • Elora-Cataract Trail (Caledon)
  • Grand Valley Trail (Caledon)
  • Great War Flying Museum (Caledon)
  • Humber Valley Trail (Caledon)
  • Andrew's Treasure Trail (Caledon)
  • Oak Ridges Trail (Caledon)
  • Hair Pin Turn (Beside the Credit River)
  • Caledon Central Public School


Protected areas[edit]

Caledon Lake lies in the Headwaters of Credit River

Sports and recreation[edit]

Junior hockey teams include the Caledon Golden Hawks and Caledon Canadians, the latter defunct.

Minor hockey teams include the Caledon Hawks and Caledon Coyotes

Lacrosse in the Town of Caledon is represented by the Caledon Vaughan Minor Lacrosse Association which operates Minor Field and both Minor and Junior C. Box Teams

Mike Fox, the winner of the 2007 Queen's Plate, was foaled in Caledon, while Peaks and Valleys currently stands there.

Caledon Equestrian Park in Palgrave will host the equestrian events of the 2015 Pan American Games.[18]

Caledon Centre for Recreation and Wellness, located in Bolton, Ontario.


Cheltenham, a community in Caledon, on the Twinning Post in Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania, United States.[19][20][21][22]

The primary administrative and commercial centre of Caledon is the community of Bolton, which the municipal government estimated as having a population of 26,478 in 2006.[23]

Smaller communities in the town include Albion, Alloa, Alton, Belfountain, Boston Mills, Brimstone, Caledon, Caledon East, Caledon village, Campbell's Cross, Castlederg, Cataract, Cedar Meadows, Cedar Mills, Cheltenham, Claude, Coulterville, Ferndale, Forks of the Credit, The Grange, Humber, Humber Grove, Inglewood, Kilmanagh, Lockton, Mayfield West, Macville, Melville, McLeodville, Mono Mills, Mono Road, New Glasgow, Palgrave, Queensgate, Rockside, Rosehill, Sandhill, Silver Creek, Sleswick, Sligo, Snelgrove, Stonehart, Taylorwoods, Terra Cotta, Tormore, Valleywood and Victoria. The region is otherwise very sparsely populated with farms being the only residential centres.


Emergency services[edit]

The town runs its own fire services through the composite Career and volunteer firefighters of the Town of Caledon Fire & Emergency Services, which has nine stations.

Ambulance services are run by the regional government's Peel Regional Paramedic Services, with three stations.

Despite being part of Peel Region, policing in Caledon is conducted by a detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police rather than Peel Regional Police.


GO Transit operates two bus routes in Caledon;

It additionally has storage and service facilities in the town.

Brampton Transit has extended Route 30 Airport Road into the Tullamore Industrial Area within the Town of Caledon, with a total of six trips per day.

The town has no government-supported local public transit system. However, growing population prompted former local resident Darren Parberry[24] to start a trial bus service with two routes, called Métis Transit, which ran briefly in 2006. Caledon Township also ran a commercial bus operations in 1999 under the name Caledon Transit Incorporated,[25] but it ceased operations due to low ridership.

Transit services for the elderly, disabled, and infirm are provided by Caledon Community Services Transportation and Transhelp (run by Peel Region).

Taxi service is also available in the Bolton, Ontario area.

The highways in the municipality are:

Notable people[edit]

Travel region[edit]

Caledon is part of the Hills of Headwaters Tourism Association and Central Counties of Ontario, two tourism related associations.

See also[edit]


  • "(Code 3521024) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-01.


  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 2012
  2. ^ 43° 51' 44" N, 80° 8' 13" W, as per Google Earth
  3. ^ 43° 49' 15" N, 79° 43' 34" W, as per Google Earth
  4. ^ "Where you can't get away with anything". - Canada - Features. Archived from the original on 2012-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
  8. ^ a b Canada, Statistics (2017). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  9. ^ Canada, Statistics (2017). "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  10. ^ [2].
  11. ^ a b "Pickering, Ontario (City) Census Subdivision". Community Profiles, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada.
  12. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Council". Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Albion Field Centre". 1981-2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  15. ^ Heyes, Esther (1968). The Story of Albion (PDF) (2 ed.). Bolton ON: Bolton Enterprise. p. 323. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  16. ^ "Caledon Enterprise". Metroland Media. Mississauga ON. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  18. ^ [3][dead link]
  19. ^ "Cheltenham Twinning Association". Cheltenham Twinning Association.
  20. ^ Wight, Annette. "Other Cheltenhams". Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  21. ^ Other Cheltenhams Archived 2013-01-11 at
  22. ^ "Twinning Committee - Cheltenham, PA". Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  25. ^ "Transit History of Ontario Communities (A-B)". Retrieved 7 November 2017.

External links[edit]