alpha-calendic acid, 8E,10E,12Z-octadecatrienoic acid, trans-8-trans-10-cis-12-octadecatrienoic acid
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|Molar mass||278.44 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Calendic acid (sometimes α-calendic acid) is an unsaturated fatty acid, named for the pot marigold (genus Calendula), from which it is obtained. It is chemically similar to the conjugated linoleic acids; laboratory work suggests it may have similar health benefits.
Calendic acid is an omega-6 fatty acid. though not usually listed with this group. Calendic acid is synthesised in Calendula officinalis from linoleate by an unusual Δ12-oleate desaturase (a FAD 2 variant) that converts the cis-double bond in position 9 to a trans,trans-conjugated double bond system. An all-trans beta isomer has been described.
Calendula flowers have been used for many centuries. Ointments or extracts are applied medicinally for reducing inflammation, wound healing, and as an antiseptic. The US National Institute of Health's MedlinePlus states that there is 'B' grade evidence ('good scientific evidence') for the efficacy of topical use of Calendula in protecting the skin of patients undergoing radiation treatments. It assigns a 'C' grade (Unclear scientific evidence) for uses in ear infection, skin inflammation and wound and burn healing.
Calendic acid is the fatty acid responsible for the reduction in feed intake and improved feed utilization in mice when calendula oil is added to the feedstuff, as demonstrated by the comparative experiments in the examples using corn oil.
- Yasui Y, Hosokawa M, Kohno H, Tanaka T, Miyashita K (2006). "Growth inhibition and apoptosis induction by all-trans-conjugated linolenic acids on human colon cancer cells". Anticancer Res 26 (3A): 1855–60. PMID 16827117.
- Kinney, Tony. "Metabolism in Plants to Produce Healthier Food Oils" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-01-11.
- Christie, William W. "Fatty Acids: Polyunsaturated with other than Methylene-Interrupted Double Bonds". Lipid Library. Retrieved 2007-01-11.
- Cyberlipid. "Polyenoic Fatty Acids". Retrieved 2007-01-11.
- NIH Medline Plus. "MedlinePlus Herbs and Supplements: Calendula". Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Powder formulation comprising conjugated octadecapolyenic acids. Retrieved on 11 January 2007.