Some in vitro evidence suggests that calgranulin can inhibit the precipitation of calcium oxalate in a urine-like environment at calgranulin concentrations below physiological concentrations. Thus, it may also function in vivo as an inhibitor of calcium oxalate kidney stone formation. However, the role of calgranulin in the stone formation process has not been evaluated.
- Pillay S, Asplin J, Coe F (1 August 1998). "Evidence that calgranulin is produced by kidney cells and is an inhibitor of calcium oxalate crystallization". Am J Physiol. 275 (2 Pt 2): F255–61. doi:10.1152/ajprenal.1998.275.2.F255. PMID 9691016.