Calidris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Calidris
Calidris-canutus.jpg
Red knot, Calidris canutus.
Calidris s.str. are stout birds with bold pattern in breeding plumage
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neoaves
Order: Charadriiformes
Suborder: Scolopaci
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Calidris

Calidris is a genus of of Arctic-breeding, strongly migratory wading birds. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds.[1]

This genus is closely related to other calidrids.

These birds form huge mixed flocks on coasts and estuaries in winter. They are the typical "sandpipers", small to medium-sized, long-winged and relatively short-billed.

Their bills have sensitive tips which contain numerous corpuscles of Herbst. This enables the birds to locate buried prey items, which they typically seek with restless running and probing.[2]

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

The species, according to the 2015 I.O.C. assessment,[3] are as follows:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 84. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  2. ^ Nebel, S.; Jackson, D.L.; Elner, R.W. (2005). "Functional association of bill morphology and foraging behaviour in calidrid sandpipers" (PDF). Animal Biology 55 (3): 235–243. doi:10.1163/1570756054472818. 
  3. ^ "buttonquail". International Ornithological Congress. Retrieved 2015-01-08.