|Elevation||1,312 ft (400 m)|
Caliente (formerly, Allen's Camp and Agua Caliente) is an unincorporated community in Kern County, California. It is located 22 miles (35 km) east-southeast of Bakersfield, at an elevation of 1312 feet (400 m).
Caliente has a population of 1,019. Telephone numbers in Caliente follow the format (661) 867-xxxx and the ZIP Code is 93518. It is located south of a small community named Walker Basin in the same telephone exchange area.
Established in the 1870s, Caliente was originally named Allens Camp for a cattle rancher and settler named Gabriel Allen. Later, the name Agua Caliente, coming from hot springs in the area, was proposed and may have been used. This name conflicted with the community of the same name in Sonoma County. With the railroad's arrival in 1875, the shortened name Caliente was adopted.
Caliente prospered during Southern Pacific Railroad's construction of Tehachapi Pass line. For a time, the Telegraph Stage Line and the Cerro Gordo Freighting Co. also ran through Caliente and its full-time population grew to 200. There were approximately 60 buildings, including 20 or more saloons.
The Caliente post office opened in 1875, closed in 1993, and was re-established in 1890. The Caliente General Store was remodeled in 1980 to house the post office which is still in operation today.
Bealville is a district about one mile (1.6 km) to the south toward SR58 and along Caliente-Bodfish Road. It is named for Edward Fitzgerald Beale who served in the US Army, and also as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for California and Nevada. He was also appointed as US Surveyor General of California. Beale established a home in this area about 1855. The location is now registered as California Historical Landmark #757.
The sound of diesel locomotives and railroad horns are present day and night. The community is along the track of the Union Pacific Railroad, Mojave Subdivision. The track loops around the post office as it winds through the local hills. Trains climb toward the Tehachapi summit eastbound or descend toward Bakersfield if westbound.
California State Route 58 is about two driving miles south of Caliente.
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- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Caliente, California
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1010. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Location name, population, and county from National Geographic Names Database. Location is identified by USGS as feature ID 1660417.
- ZIP Code from sign hanging on United States Postal Service post office.
- Establishment date and Agua Caliente name from, Bailey, Richard C., Kern County Place Names, (Bakersfield, California: Merchant's Printing and Lithography Co., 1967). Allens Camp from Dulme, Glenn, "Chapter 11: The San Bernardino County Flurry," Boom of the Eighties in Southern California, (San Marino, California: Huntington Library, 1944) pp. 127.
- David W. Kean, Wide Places in the California Roads: The encyclopedia of California's small towns and the roads that lead to them (Volume 1 of 4: Southern California Counties), p. 33.
- David W. Kean, Wide Places in the California Roads: The encyclopedia of California's small towns and the roads that lead to them (Volume 1 of 4: Southern California Counties), p. 34.
- Location and name from National Geographic Names Database and is feature ID 252850.
- Army and Indian assignments from: "Kern County," California Historic Landmarks, (Sacramento, California: State of California, Resources Agency, 1996) pp. 80. Surveyor General title from, Dulme, Glenn, "Chapter 11: The San Bernardino County Flurry," Boom of the Eighties in Southern California, (San Marino, California: Huntington Library, 1944) pp. 127.
- "Caliente". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-07.