California's 21st congressional district

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California's 21st congressional district
California US Congressional District 21 (since 2013).tif
California's 21st congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  David Valadao
RHanford
Population (2019)729,460
Median household
income
$46,037[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+5[3]

California's 21st congressional district (or CA-21) is a congressional district in the U.S. state of California. It is located in the San Joaquin Valley and includes Kings County and portions of Fresno, Kern, and Tulare counties. Cities in the district include Coalinga, Delano, Hanford, and part of Bakersfield.

The district is currently represented by Republican David Valadao, who defeated Democratic incumbent TJ Cox in 2020. As of 2021, it is one of nine districts that voted for Joe Biden in the 2020 presidential election while being held or won by a Republican.

Formerly, from 2003 to 2013, the 21st district covered all of Tulare County and the eastern half of Fresno County.

Demographics[edit]

According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 377,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 63% are Latino, while 26% are White. Immigrants make up 16% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $51,500, while 15% of households live below the poverty line. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 23% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 12% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.

Election results from statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
2008 President Obama 51.5–45.7%
2010 Governor Brown 47.5–43.8%
Senator Fiorina 49.9–39.5%
Attorney General Cooley 48.9–37.2%
Treasurer Lockyer 49.7–38.7%
Controller Chiang 50.1–37.8%
2012 President Obama 54.6–43.5%
Senator Feinstein 55.6–44.4%
2014 Governor Brown 52.4–47.6%
2016 President Clinton 55.2–39.7%
Senator Sanchez 56.7–43.3%
2018 Governor Newsom 52.1–47.9%
Senator de Leon 57.0–43.0%
2020 President Biden 54.4–43.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Dates Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history Counties
District created on January 3, 1943
HarryRSheppard.jpg
Harry R. Sheppard
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 27th district.
1943–1953
Northern Los Angeles, San Bernardino
Edgar W. Hiestand.jpeg
Edgar W. Hiestand
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 27th district and lost re-election.
1953–1983
Los Angeles
Augustus Freeman Hawkins.jpg
Augustus Hawkins
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1975
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Redistricted to the 29th district.
James C. Corman (California Congressman).jpg
James C. Corman
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
94th
95th
96th
Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
Bobbi Fiedler (R–CA).jpg
Bobbi Fiedler
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th
99th
1983–1993
Los Angeles (western San Fernando Valley), southeastern Ventura
Elton Gallegly Portrait.jpg
Elton Gallegly
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 23rd district.
Bill Thomas, official photo portrait color.jpg
Bill Thomas
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted from the 20th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
1993–2003
Kern, eastern Tulare
Devin Nunes, official color photo portrait.jpg
Devin Nunes
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
2003–2013
Ca21 109.png
Eastern Fresno, Tulare
David Valadao, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
David Valadao
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
113th
114th
115th
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Lost re-election.
2013–present
California US Congressional District 21 (since 2013).tif
Kings, parts of Fresno. Kern and Tulare.
TJ Cox, official portrait, 116th Congress2.jpg
TJ Cox
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
January 3, 2021
116th Elected in 2018.
Lost re-election.
David Valadao 117th U.S Congress.jpg
David Valadao
Republican January 3, 2021–
Present
117th Elected in 2020.

Election results[edit]

1942[edit]

1942 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry R. Sheppard (Incumbent) 38,419 96.6
Republican Arthur E. Isham (write-in) 1,350 3.4
Total votes 39,769 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1944[edit]

1944 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry R. Sheppard (Incumbent) 48,539 58.5
Republican Earl S. Webb 34,409 41.5
Total votes 82,948 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1946[edit]

1946 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry R. Sheppard (Incumbent) 37,229 52.7
Republican Lowell E. Lathrop 33,395 47.3
Total votes 70,624 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1948[edit]

1948 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry R. Sheppard (Incumbent) 61,383 55.2
Republican Lowell E. Lathrop 47,411 42.6
Progressive Howard J. Louks 2,422 2.2
Total votes 111,216 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1950[edit]

1950 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry R. Sheppard (Incumbent) 62,994 57.4
Republican R. E. Reynolds 46,693 42.6
Total votes 109,687 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1952[edit]

1952 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edgar W. Hiestand 112,100 53.6
Democratic Everett G. Burkhalter 97,007 46.4
Total votes 209,107 100.0
Turnout  
Republican win (new seat)

1954[edit]

1954 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edgar W. Hiestand (Incumbent) 100,258 58.7
Democratic William E. "Bill" Roskam 70,486 41.3
Total votes 170,744 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1956[edit]

1956 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edgar W. Hiestand (Incumbent) 153,679 62.6
Democratic W. C. "Bill" Stethem 91,683 37.4
Total votes 245,362 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1958[edit]

1958 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edgar W. Hiestand (Incumbent) 127,238 51.9
Democratic Mrs. Rudd Brown 118,141 48.1
Total votes 245,379 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1960[edit]

1960 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Edgar W. Hiestand (Incumbent) 179,376 58.4
Democratic Mrs. Rudd Brown 127,591 41.6
Total votes 306,967 100.0
Turnout
Republican hold

1962[edit]

1962 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins 73,465 84.6
Republican Herman Smith 13,371 15.2
Total votes 86,836 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic win (new seat)

1964[edit]

1964 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins (Incumbent) 106,231 90.3
Republican Rayfield Lundy 11,374 9.7
Total votes 117,605 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1966[edit]

1966 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins (Incumbent) 74,216 84.8
Republican Rayfield Lundy 13,294 15.2
Total votes 87,510 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1968[edit]

1968 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins (Incumbent) 87,205 91.6
Republican Rayfield Lundy 7,995 8.4
Total votes 95,200 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1970[edit]

1970 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins (Incumbent) 75,127 94.5
Republican Southy M. Johnson 4,349 5.5
Total votes 79,476 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1972[edit]

1972 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Augustus F. Hawkins (Incumbent) 92,799 82.9
Republican Rayfield Lundy 19,187 17.1
Total votes 111,986 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1974[edit]

1974 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James C. Corman (Incumbent) 86,778 73.5
Republican Mel Nadell 31,365 26.5
Total votes 118,143 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1976[edit]

1976 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James C. Corman (Incumbent) 101,837 66.5
Republican Erwin Ed Hogan 44,094 28.8
Peace and Freedom Bill Hill 7,178 4.7
Total votes 153,109 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1978[edit]

1978 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James C. Corman (Incumbent) 73,869 59.5
Republican Rod Walsh 44,519 35.9
Peace and Freedom Bill Hill 5,750 4.6
Total votes 124,138 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1980[edit]

1980 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bobbi Fiedler 74,674 48.7
Democratic James C. Corman (Incumbent) 73,898 48.2
Libertarian George J. Lehmann 2,790 1.8
Peace and Freedom Jan B. Tucker 2,038 1.3
Total votes 153,400 100.0
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1982[edit]

1982 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bobbi Fiedler (Incumbent) 138,474 71.8
Democratic George Henry Margolis 46,412 24.1
Libertarian Daniel Wiener 7,881 4.1
Total votes 192,767 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1984[edit]

1984 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bobbi Fiedler (Incumbent) 173,504 72.3
Democratic Charles "Charlie" Davis 62,085 25.9
Libertarian Robert Townsend Leet 4,379 1.8
Total votes 239,968 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1986[edit]

1986 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly 132,090 68.4
Democratic Gilbert R. Saldana 54,497 28.2
Libertarian Daniel Wiener 6,504 3.4
Total votes 193,091 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1988[edit]

1988 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 181,413 69.1
Democratic Donald E. Stevens 75,739 28.8
Libertarian Robert Jay 5,519 2.1
Total votes 262,671 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1990[edit]

1990 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 118,326 58.4
Democratic Richard D. Freiman 68,921 34.0
Libertarian Peggy L. Christensen 15,364 7.6
Total votes 202,611 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1992[edit]

1992 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Thomas (Incumbent) 127,758 65.2
Democratic Deborah A. Vollmer 68,058 34.7
Libertarian Mike Hodges (write-in) 149 0.1
Total votes 195,965 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1994[edit]

1994 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Thomas (Incumbent) 116,874 68.10
Democratic John L. Evans 47,517 27.69
Libertarian Mike Hodges 6,899 4.02
No party Vollmer (write-in) 339 0.20
Total votes 171,629 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1996[edit]

1996 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Thomas (Incumbent) 125,916 65.9
Democratic Deborah Vollmer 50,694 26.5
Reform John Evans 8,113 4.3
Natural Law Jane Bialosky 3,380 1.8
Libertarian Mike Hodges 3,049 1.5
Republican Karen Gentry (write-in) 172 0.0
Total votes 191,324 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1998[edit]

1998 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Thomas (Incumbent) 115,989 78.91
Democratic John Evans 30,994 21.09
Total votes 146,983 100.0
Turnout
Republican hold

2000[edit]

2000 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Thomas (Incumbent) 142,539 71.6
Democratic Pedro "Pete" Martinez 49,318 24.8
Libertarian James R.S. Manion 7,243 3.6
Total votes 199,100 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

2002[edit]

2002 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Devin Nunes 87,544 70.5
Democratic David G. LaPere 32,584 26.3
Libertarian Jonathan Richter 4,070 3.2
Total votes 124,198 100.0
Turnout
Republican win (new seat)

2004[edit]

2004 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Devin Nunes (Incumbent) 140,721 73.2
Democratic Fred B. Davis 51,594 26.8
Total votes 192,315 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

2006[edit]

2006 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Devin Nunes (Incumbent) 95,214 66.8
Democratic Steven Haze 42,718 29.9
Green John Roger Miller 4,729 3.3
Total votes 142,661 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

2008[edit]

2008 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[37][38][39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Devin Nunes (Incumbent) 143,498 68.4
Democratic Larry Johnson 66,317 31.6
Total votes 209,815 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

2010[edit]

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Devin Nunes (Incumbent) 135,979 100.0
Total votes 135,979 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

2012[edit]

2012 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Valadao 67,164 57.8
Democratic John Hernandez 49,119 42.2
Total votes 116,283 100.0
Republican win (new seat)

2014[edit]

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Valadao (Incumbent) 45,907 57.8
Democratic Amanda Renteria 33,470 42.2
Total votes 79,377 100.0
Republican hold

2016[edit]

2016 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Valadao (Incumbent) 75,126 56.7
Democratic Emilio Huerta 57,282 43.3
Total votes 132,408 100.0
Republican hold

2018[edit]

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic TJ Cox 57,239 50.4
Republican David Valadao (Incumbent) 56,377 49.6
Total votes 113,616 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2020[edit]

2020 United States House of Representatives elections in California, 21st district
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Valadao 85,928 50.45
Democratic TJ Cox (Incumbent) 84,406 49.55
Total votes 170,334 >98
Republican gain from Democratic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=06&cd=21
  2. ^ "Citizens Redistricting Commission Final Report, 2011" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ 1942 election results
  5. ^ 1944 election results
  6. ^ 1946 election results
  7. ^ 1948 election results
  8. ^ 1950 election results
  9. ^ 1952 election results
  10. ^ 1954 election results
  11. ^ 1956 election results
  12. ^ 1958 election results
  13. ^ 1960 election results
  14. ^ 1962 election results
  15. ^ 1964 election results
  16. ^ 1966 election results
  17. ^ 1968 election results
  18. ^ 1970 election results
  19. ^ 1972 election results
  20. ^ 1974 election results
  21. ^ 1976 election results
  22. ^ 1978 election results
  23. ^ 1980 election results
  24. ^ 1982 election results
  25. ^ 1984 election results
  26. ^ 1986 election results
  27. ^ 1988 election results
  28. ^ 1990 election results
  29. ^ 1992 election results
  30. ^ 1994 election results
  31. ^ 1996 election results
  32. ^ 1998 election results
  33. ^ 2000 election results
  34. ^ 2002 general election results Archived February 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ 2004 general election results Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ 2006 general election results Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ California - Election Results 2008 - The New York Times
  38. ^ Barone, Michael; Cohen, Richard E. (2009). Koszczuk, Jackie (ed.). The Almanac of American Politics (2010 ed.). Washington, D.C.: National Journal Group. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-89234-120-7.
  39. ^ Statement of Vote November 4, 2008, General Election Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ 2010 general election results[permanent dead link]
  41. ^ 2012 general election results Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ U.S. House of Representatives District 21 - Districtwide Results Archived 2014-12-14 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ U.S. House of Representatives District 21 - Districtwide Results Archived 2014-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ U.S. House of Representatives District 21 - Districtwide Results Archived 2018-12-02 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°30′N 119°00′W / 36.5°N 119°W / 36.5; -119