California's 23rd congressional district

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California's 23rd congressional district
California US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
California's 23rd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Kevin McCarthy
RBakersfield
Population (2019)741,557[1]
Median household
income
$63,550[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[3]

California's 23rd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of California. The district is represented in the 117th United States Congress by Republican Kevin McCarthy. Since January 2019, McCarthy has been House minority leader. The current district includes parts of the southern San Joaquin Valley, the Tehachapi Mountains and southern Sierra Nevada, and the northwestern Mojave Desert. It comprises most of Kern County and portions of Los Angeles and Tulare counties. Cities in the district include Porterville, Ridgecrest, most of Bakersfield, and part of Lancaster.[4] By PVI, it is the most Republican-leaning district in all of the Pacific States.[5]

Former characteristics[edit]

From 2003 to 2013 the district ran along the Pacific coasts of Ventura, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo counties. Major cities in the district included Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Ventura, and Oxnard.[6] Before redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission in 2011, California's 23rd Congressional District was one of the narrowest districts in the United States, stretching along the Pacific coast from Oxnard to the Monterey County line. It was often referred to as "the district that disappears at high tide"[7] or the "ribbon of shame".[8] This area is now divided between the 24th and 26th districts, while the current 23rd covers much of the territory that was previously in the 22nd district.

Election results from statewide races[edit]

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 38.4–34.5%
Senator Herschensohn 49.4–40.6%
Senator Feinstein 46.2–45.3%
1994 Governor [data unknown/missing]
Senator [data unknown/missing]
1996 President [data unknown/missing]
1998 Governor [data unknown/missing]
Senator [data unknown/missing]
2000 President[9] Gore 48.2–46.9%
Senator[10] Feinstein 51.2–41.5%
2002 Governor[11] Davis 48.0–40.7%
2003 Recall[12][13] Yes 52.8–47.2%
Schwarzenegger 42.4–35.2%
2004 President[14] Kerry 58.3–40.3%
Senator[15] Boxer 60.2–34.8%
2006 Governor[16] Schwarzenegger 53.6–41.1%
Senator[17] Feinstein 62.3–33.1%
2008 President[18] Obama 65.3–32.3%
2010 Governor Brown 55.9–38.5%
Senator Boxer 55.9–38.4%
2012 President Romney 61.5–36.1%
Senator Emken 62.0–38.0%
2014 Governor Kashkari 64.5–35.5%
2016 President Trump 58.1–36.1%
Senator Harris 54.3–45.7%
2018 Governor Cox 62.6–37.4%
Senator de Leon 60.3–39.7%
2020 President Trump 57.1–41.5%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history District location
District created on January 3, 1943
Edouard Izac.png
Edouard Izac
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1947
78th
79th
Redistricted from the 20th district and re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
1943–1953
San Diego
Charles K. Fletcher (California Congressman) 2.jpg
Charles K. Fletcher
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
Clinton D. McKinnon (California Congressman).jpg
Clinton D. McKinnon
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
ClydeDoyle.jpg
Clyde Doyle
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
March 14, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Died.
1953–1973
Los Angeles
Vacant March 14, 1963 –
June 11, 1963
88th
Del M. Clawson.jpg
Del M. Clawson
Republican June 11, 1963 –
January 3, 1975
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected to finish Doyle's term.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Redistricted to the 33rd district.
1973–1975
Los Angeles, Orange
Thomas M. Rees.jpg
Thomas M. Rees
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1977
94th Redistricted from the 26th district and re-elected in 1974.
Retired.
1975–1983
Los Angeles
Abeilenson.jpg
Anthony Beilenson
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1993
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
1983–1993
Los Angeles (northern L.A. suburbs)
Elton Gallegly Portrait.jpg
Elton Gallegly
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted from the 21st district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
1993–2003
Santa Barbara (Carpinteria), Ventura
Lois Capps 2011 official photo.jpg
Lois Capps
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
2003–2013
Coastal San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura
House Maj. Leader Kevin McCarthy official photo.jpg
Kevin McCarthy
Republican January 3, 2013 –
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
2013–present
Southern Central Valley including parts of Bakersfield

Election results[edit]

1942[edit]

1942 election[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edouard Izac (Incumbent) 42,864 50.5%
Republican James B. Abbey 42,087 49.5%
Total votes 84,951 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1944[edit]

1944 election[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edouard Izac (Incumbent) 86,707 55.1%
Republican James B. Abbey 70,787 44.9%
Total votes 157,494 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1946[edit]

1946 election[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles K. Fletcher 69,411 56.3%
Democratic Edouard Izac (Incumbent) 53,898 43.7%
Total votes 123,309 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1948[edit]

1948 election[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clinton D. McKinnon 112,534 55.8%
Republican Charles K. Fletcher (Incumbent) 87,138 43.2%
Progressive Harry C. Steinmetz 2,017 1.0%
Total votes 201,689 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1950[edit]

1950 election[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clinton D. McKinnon (Incumbent) 94,137 51%
Republican Leslie E. Gehres 90,398 49%
Total votes 184,535 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1952[edit]

1952 election[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 138,356 87.5%
Progressive Olive T. Thompson 17,501 11.1%
Republican C. Cleveland (write-in) 2,329 1.4%
Total votes 158,186 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1954[edit]

1954 election[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 90,729 70.9%
Republican Frank G. Bussing 34,911 27.3%
Progressive Olive T. Thompson 2,293 1.8%
Total votes 127,933 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1956[edit]

1956 election[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 120,109 70.9%
Republican E. Elgie "Cal" Calvin 49,198 29.1%
Total votes 169,207 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1958[edit]

1958 election[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 140,817 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1960[edit]

1960 election[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 148,415 74.2%
Republican Emmett A. Schwartz 51,548 25.8%
Total votes 199,963 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1962[edit]

1962 election[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Clyde Doyle (Incumbent) 83,269 64.2%
Republican Emmett A. Schwartz 46,488 35.8%
Total votes 129,757 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1963 (Special)[edit]

1963 special election[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson 53.2%
Democratic Carley V. Porter 35.4%
Democratic Maurice H. Quigley 4.7%
Democratic Armand R. Porter 2.7%
Democratic James Earle Christo 1.4%
Democratic Lynn W. Johnston 1.4%
Republican Harold R. "Hal" Bennett 0.6%
Republican Harry L. Butler 0.6%
Total votes 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1964[edit]

1964 election[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson (Incumbent) 90,721 55.4%
Democratic H. O. Van Pettin 72,903 44.6%
Total votes 163,624 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1966[edit]

1966 election[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson (Incumbent) 93,320 67.4%
Democratic Ed O'Connor 45,141 32.6%
Total votes 138,461 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1968[edit]

1968 election[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson (Incumbent) 95,628 64.9%
Democratic Jim Sperrazzo 51,606 35.1%
Total votes 147,234 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1970[edit]

1970 election[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson (Incumbent) 77,346 63.3%
Democratic G. L. "Jerry" Chapman 44,767 36.7%
Total votes 122,113 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1972[edit]

1972 election[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Del M. Clawson (Incumbent) 118,731 61.4%
Democratic Conrad G. Tuohey 74,561 38.6%
Total votes 193,292 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1974[edit]

1974 election[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas M. Rees 119,239 71.4%
Republican Jack E. Roberts 47,615 28.6%
Total votes 166,854 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1976[edit]

1976 election[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson 130,619 60.2%
Republican Thomas F. Bartman 86,434 39.8%
Total votes 217,053 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1978[edit]

1978 election[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 117,498 65.6%
Republican Joseph Barbara 61,496 34.4%
Total votes 178,994 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1980[edit]

1980 election[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 126,020 63.2%
Republican Robert "Bob" Winckler 62,742 31.5%
Libertarian Jeffrey P. Lieb 10,623 5.3%
Total votes 199,385 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1982[edit]

1982 election[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 120,788 59.6%
Republican David Armor 82,031 40.4%
Total votes 202,819 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1984[edit]

1984 election[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 140,461 61.6%
Republican Claude W. Parrish 84,093 36.9%
Libertarian Larry Leathers 3,580 1.6%
Total votes 228,134 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1986[edit]

1986 election[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 121,468 65.7%
Republican George Woolverton 58,746 31.8%
Peace and Freedom Tom Hopke 2,521 1.4%
Libertarian Taylor Rhodes 2,019 1.1%
Total votes 184,754 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1988[edit]

1988 election[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 147,858 63.5%
Republican Jim Salomon 77,184 33.1%
Libertarian John R. Vernon 4,503 1.9%
Peace and Freedom John Honigsfeld 3,316 1.4%
No party Write-ins 18 0.0%
Total votes 232,879 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1990[edit]

1990 election[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony C. Beilenson (Incumbent) 103,141 61.7%
Republican Jim Salomon 57,118 34.2%
Peace and Freedom John Honigsfeld 6,834 4.1%
Total votes 167,093 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1992[edit]

1992 election[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Redistricted incumbent) 115,504 54.3%
Democratic Anita Perez Ferguson 88,225 41.4%
Libertarian Jay C. Wood 9,091 4.3%
No party Dunbar (write-in) 61 0.0%
Total votes 212,881 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1994[edit]

1994 election[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 114,043 66.17%
Democratic Kevin Ready 47,345 27.47%
Libertarian Bill Brown 6,481 3.76%
Green Robert T. Marston 4,457 2.59%
No party Nagode (write-in) 14 0.01%
Total votes 172,340 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1996[edit]

1996 election[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 118,880 59.6%
Democratic Robert Unruhe 70,035 35.2%
Libertarian Gail Lightfoot 8,346 4.1%
Natural Law Stephen Hospodar 2,246 1.1%
Total votes 199,507 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1998[edit]

1998 election[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 96,362 60.06%
Democratic Daniel "Dan" Gonzalez 64,068 39.94%
Total votes 160,430 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2000[edit]

2000 election[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Elton Gallegly (Incumbent) 119,479 54.1%
Democratic Michael Case 89,918 40.7%
Reform Cary Savitch 6,473 3.0%
Libertarian Roger Peebles 3,708 1.6%
Natural Law Stephen P. Hospodar 1,456 0.6%
Total votes 221,034 100.0%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2002[edit]

2002 election[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Capps (Redistricted incumbent) 95,752 59.1%
Republican Beth Rogers 62,604 38.6%
Libertarian James E. Hill 3,866 2.3%
Total votes 162,222 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

2004 election[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Capps (Incumbent) 153,980 63.1%
Republican Don Regan 83,926 34.3%
Libertarian Michael Favorite 6,391 2.6%
Total votes 244,297 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

2006 election[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Capps (Incumbent) 114,661 65.2%
Republican Victor G. Tognazzini 61,272 34.8%
No party H.A. Gardner Jr. (write-in) 18 0.0%
Total votes 175,951 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

2008 United States House of Representatives elections in California
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Capps (Incumbent) 171,403 68.07%
Republican Matt Kokkonen 80,385 31.93%
Total votes 251,788 100.00%
Turnout   77.41%
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

2010 election[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lois Capps (Incumbent) 111,768 57.8%
Republican Tom Watson 72,744 37.6%
Libertarian Darrell M. Stafford 3,326 1.7%
No party John V. Hager 5,625 2.9%
Total votes 193,463 100.0%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2012[edit]

2012 election[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Redistricted incumbent) 158,161 73.2%
No party preference Terry Phillips 57,842 26.8%
Total votes 216,003 100.0%
Republican hold

2014[edit]

2014 election
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Incumbent) 58,334 99.1%
Democratic Raul Garcia (write-in) 313 0.5%
Republican Mike Biglay (write-in) 157 0.3%
No party preference Ronald L. Porter (write-in) 36 0.1%
Libertarian Gail K. Lightfoot (write-in) 31 0.1%
Green Noah Calugaru (write-in) 3 0.01%
Total votes 58,871 100.0%
General election
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Incumbent) 100,317 74.8%
Democratic Raul Garcia 33,726 25.2%
Total votes 134,043 100.0%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

2016 election[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Incumbent) 167,116 69.2%
Democratic Wendy Reed 74,468 30.8%
Total votes 241,584 100.0%
Republican hold

2018[edit]

2018 election [55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Incumbent) 131,113 63.7%
Democratic Tatiana Matta 74,661 36.3%
Total votes 205,774 100.0%
Republican hold

2020[edit]

2020 election
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin McCarthy (Incumbent) 179,615 61.8
Democratic Kim Mangone 111,226 38.2
Total votes 290,841 >98

Historical district boundaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Citizens Redistricting Commission Final Report, 2011" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "California's citizen commission final district maps: Find out what's changed where you live". Los Angeles Times. August 2, 2011.
  5. ^ "District PVI Map and List". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
  6. ^ https://statewidedatabase.org/pub/data/MAPS/district/2001/cd23.pdf
  7. ^ Patrick McGreevy (December 19, 2010). "New redistricting panel takes aim at bizarre political boundaries". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
  8. ^ Aaron Blake (July 27, 2011). "Name that district! (Gerrymandering edition)". Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  9. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  10. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  11. ^ "Statement of Vote (2002 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 11, 2010.
  12. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Recall Question)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  13. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  14. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 1, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
  15. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  16. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  17. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  18. ^ "(2008 President)". Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
  19. ^ "1942 election results" (PDF).
  20. ^ "1944 election results" (PDF).
  21. ^ "1946 election results" (PDF).
  22. ^ "1948 election results" (PDF).
  23. ^ "1950 election results" (PDF).
  24. ^ "1952 election results" (PDF).
  25. ^ "1954 election results" (PDF).
  26. ^ "1956 election results" (PDF).
  27. ^ "1958 election results" (PDF).
  28. ^ "1960 election results" (PDF).
  29. ^ "1962 election results" (PDF).
  30. ^ "JoinCalifornia - 06-11-1963 Election". www.joincalifornia.com.
  31. ^ "1964 election results" (PDF).
  32. ^ "1966 election results" (PDF).
  33. ^ "1968 election results" (PDF).
  34. ^ "1970 election results" (PDF).
  35. ^ "1972 election results" (PDF).
  36. ^ "1974 election results" (PDF).
  37. ^ "1976 election results" (PDF).
  38. ^ "1978 election results" (PDF).
  39. ^ "1980 election results" (PDF).
  40. ^ "1982 election results" (PDF).
  41. ^ "1984 election results" (PDF).
  42. ^ "1986 election results" (PDF).
  43. ^ "1988 election results" (PDF).
  44. ^ "1990 election results" (PDF).
  45. ^ "1992 election results" (PDF).
  46. ^ "1994 election results" (PDF).
  47. ^ "1996 election results" (PDF).
  48. ^ "1998 election results" (PDF).
  49. ^ "2000 election results" (PDF).
  50. ^ "2002 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 3, 2009.
  51. ^ "2004 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 21, 2008.
  52. ^ "2006 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2008.
  53. ^ "2010 general election results". Archived from the original on November 17, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
  54. ^ a b "2012 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2013.
  55. ^ 2018 general election results

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°30′N 120°27′W / 34.5°N 120.45°W / 34.5; -120.45