California's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

After statehood was achieved September 9, 1850 until 1865, California elected its representatives statewide at-large — two representatives from September 11, 1850 to 1861, and 3 representatives from 1861 to 1865.

Also, from 1883 to 1885, California elected two of its six representatives to the United States House of Representatives state-wide at-large.

List of representatives[edit]

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
31 September 11, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
George Wright Independent [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Edward Gilbert Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
32 March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Edward C. Marshall Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Joseph W. McCorkle Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
33 March 3, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Latham1.jpg
Milton Latham
Democratic Retired James A. McDougall sitting.jpg
James A. McDougall
Democratic Lost re-election
34 March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
James W Denver by Whitehurst Studio c1856.jpg
James W. Denver
Democratic Retired Philemon T. Herbert Democratic Retired after manslaughter acquittal
35 March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Joseph C. McKibbin Democratic Lost re-election CharlesLScott.jpg
Charles L. Scott
Democratic Re-elected in 1858
Retired
36 March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
John C. Burch Democratic Retired
37 March 4, 1861 –
June 3, 1862
Timothy Guy Phelps.jpg
Timothy Phelps
Republican Retired Aaron Augustus Sargent - Brady-Handy.jpg
Aaron A. Sargent
Republican Retired Vacant
June 3, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
FrederickFerdinandLow.png
Frederick F. Low
Republican Not permitted by the House to take his seat.
Subsequently quaified under special act of Congress[citation needed]
Retired
38 March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Senator Cornelius Cole.png
Cornelius Cole
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] William Higby.jpg
William Higby
Republican Redistricted to 2nd district ThomasBowlesShannon.jpg
Thomas B. Shannon
Republican Retired
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1883
Seat eliminated Seat eliminated Seat eliminated
48 March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
John R. Glascock Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)
CharlesASumner.jpg
Charles A. Sumner
Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)

Election results[edit]

In these elections, the top two vote-getters (three from 1861 to 1863) were elected to the House.

1849[edit]

The election was held November 13, 1849.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1849
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Independent 20,481 79.44% 1 +1
Democratic 5,300 20.56% 1 +1
Totals 25,781 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1849
Party Candidate Votes %
Independent George Washington Wright 5,451 22.0%
Democratic Edward Gilbert 5,300 20.6%
Independent Rodman M. Price 4,040 16.3%
Independent Lewis Dent 2,129 8.3%
Independent P. A. Morse 2,066 8.2%
Independent E. J. C. Kewen 1,826 7.3%
Independent William M. Shepard 1,773 7.2%
Independent William E. Shannon 1,327 5.4%
Independent Peter O. Halstead 1,271 2.4%
Independent L. W. Hastings 215 0.9%
Independent Pierson B. Reading 167 0.7%
Independent W. H. Russell 96 0.4%
Independent J. S. Thompson 72 0.3%
Independent Kimball H. Dimmick 48 0.2%
Totals 25,781 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1851[edit]

The 1851 election was held October 7, 1851.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1851
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 48,784 53.92% 2 +1
Whig 41,684 46.08% 0 0
Independent 0 0.00% 0 –1
Totals 90,468 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1851
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward C. Marshall 24,469 27.0%
Democratic Joseph McCorkle 24,315 26.9%
Whig E. J. Kewen 21,460 23.7%
Whig B. J. Moore 20,224 22.4%
Totals 90,468 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1852[edit]

The election was held November 2, 1852.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1852
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 79,268 53.38% 2 0
Whig 69,232 46.62% 0 0
Totals 148,500 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1852
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Milton S. Latham 39,881 26.9%
Democratic James A. McDougall 39,387 26.5%
Whig P. L. Edwards 34,933 23.5%
Whig G. B. Tingley 34,299 23.1%
Totals 148,500 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1854[edit]

The election was held September 6, 1854.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1854
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 95,178 58.0% 2
Whig 69,152 42.0% 0
Totals 164,330 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1854
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic James W. Denver 36,819 22.4%
Democratic Philemon T. Herbert 36,542 22.4%
Whig G. W. Bowie 34,741 21.1%
Whig Cal Bonham 34,411 20.9%
Democratic J. Churchman 10,006 6.1%
Democratic James A. McDougall (incumbent) 9,968 6.1%
Democratic Milton S. Latham (incumbent) 1,843 1.1%
Totals 164,330 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1856[edit]

The election was held November 4, 1856.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1856
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 101,708 47.0% 2
Know-Nothing 71,403 33.0% 0
Republican 43,139 20.0% 0
Totals 216,250 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1856
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 50,895 23.5%
Democratic Charles L. Scott 50,813 23.5%
American B. C. Whitman 36,078 16.7%
American A. B. Dibble 35,325 16.3%
Republican L. P. Rankin 21,975 10.2%
Republican J. D. Turner 21,164 9.8%
Totals 216,250 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1859[edit]

The election was held September 7, 1859.

United States House of Representatives elections in California,
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 161,106 79.4% 2
Republican 41,739 20.6% 0
Totals 202,845 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1859
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John C. Burch 57,665 28.4%
Democratic Charles L. Scott 56,998 28.1%
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin (incumbent) 43,474 21.4%
Republican Edward D. Baker 41,438 20.4%
Democratic S. A. Booker 2,969 1.5%
Republican P. H. Sibley 301 0.1%
Totals 202,845 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1861[edit]

The election was held September 4, 1861.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1861
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 180,719 56.1% 0 -2
Republican 141,402 43.9% 3 +3
Totals 322,121 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1861
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Timothy Guy Phelps 51,651 21.8%
Republican W. L. Dudley 50,692 21.4%
Democratic H. Edgerton 35,449 15.0%
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 35,401 15.0%
Democratic D. O. Shattuck 31,712 13.4%
Democratic H. P. Barbers 31,591 13.4%
Totals 236,496 100.0%
Voter turnout =%
California's at-large congressional election for seat added by reapportionment, 1861
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Frederick F. Low 39,059 45.6%
Democratic F. Gunhal 24,036 28.1%
Democratic J. R. Gitchell 22,530 26.3%
Totals 85,625 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1863[edit]

The election was held September 2, 1863.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1863
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Republican 194,882 69.1% 0
Democratic 87,087 30.9% 0
Totals 281,969 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1863
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cornelius Cole 65,085 23.1%
Republican Thomas B. Shannon 64,914 23.0%
Republican William Higby 64,883 23.0%
Democratic John B. Weller 43,567 15.5%
Democratic John Bigler 43,520 15.4%
Totals 281,969 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1882[edit]

California elected two at-large representatives in addition to its four representatives in districts in 1882. For these results see United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1882.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional elections, 1788-1997 : the official results of the elections of the 1st through 105th Congresses. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1998.

External links[edit]