California is a neighborhood in Louisville, Kentucky, United States. There are no written records of the beginning of the neighborhood, but the area was settled by German immigrants around 1849. It is said that the subdivision, initially called Henderson, came to be known as California because it was the "far west" of Louisville.
African Americans settled the area after the Civil War, starting the California Colored School and a branch of the Freedmen's Bureau. The early population was mixed between whites and blacks, but white families began to leave around 1900. The neighborhood lost 50% of its population and 40% of its single-family housing from 1950 to 1980 and became known for its urban decay.
A commercial neighborhood arose at 18th Street (Dixie Highway) and Oak. Both Madden Hardware and the Oak Theater were on the east side of 18th.
- "California". The Encyclopedia of Louisville (1 ed.). 2001.
- Street map of California
- Images of California (Louisville, Ky.) in the University of Louisville Libraries Digital Collections
|Parkland||Limerick, Old Louisville|
|Park DuValle||Park Hill||Old Louisville|