California (Mr. Bungle album)
This article contains too many or overly lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. (August 2020)
|Studio album by|
|Released||July 13, 1999|
|Recorded||Late 1998, various studios across San Francisco|
|Mr. Bungle chronology|
Musical style and writing
This section focuses too much on specific examples without explaining their importance to its main subject. (August 2020)
In keeping with the band's other output, California incorporates a wide variety of musical styles, including Hawaiian music, Eastern music, electro-funk, doo-wop, folk music, pop music, surf rock, circus music, psychobilly, kecak, thrash metal, lounge music, exotica, space age pop, jazz rock, avant-garde music, piano ballads and music influenced by science fiction, Spaghetti Western and horror film scores. Guitarist Trey Spruance, who had recently covered the Beach Boys' "Good Vibrations" for the album Smiling Pets, said that the work of Brian Wilson (particularly Smile) was "definitely" an influence, "especially when it comes to the Faustian scale of it."
The album's 1999 press kit by Warner Bros. Records states "California explores an ambiance new to the band, conjuring up the surly dance moves of Cyd Charisse and Fred Astaire; digging through the graveyard of riffs to find English pop, Elvis, Neil Diamond and Michael Jackson. The album is sure to alienate those expecting weird meter-changes and heartless vulgarities. To be sure, this is Western music, chockful of backbeats, strings and vocal harmonies. But like the original 49ers, the listener is headed into a desert land of drought and famine — the dark side of the California Dream."
The songwriting process for California was much less collaborative than the band's previous albums. Despite having a more accessible sound than prior releases, saxophonist Clinton McKinnon has stated, "It wasn’t some attempt at reconciling how much we’d previously tortured our audiences with white-noise [...] it wasn’t some conscious attempt to normalise our music or make it all the more palatable." On the album's writing and sound, Trevor Dunn stated in a 2017 interview that, "[we] never discussed our projected direction. We never sat down and said, 'ok the last record was like that so now let’s attempt this.' Instead we individually brought things to the collective table that somehow coalesced without premeditation." He goes on to state that "the recording of California was a bit of a nightmare. We attempted frugality by recording a lot in our rehearsal space which Trey had partially turned into a recording studio. But we also spread the work out over various outside studios with a number of engineers as well as additional musicians. In the end we had two 24-track tape machines and two ADAT machines linked. That record would have been much easier to manage had Pro Tools come along a bit sooner."
Regarding the album's title, drummer Danny Heifetz said in 1999, "More than anything, that title really sums up sonically what's going on on the record. It's very pleasant at times, and then there are a lot of little disasters that come up and present themselves, then blow over and go away like a storm. I would tend to explain it more like that, rather than, "Oh, California is this very deceptive place; it's bright on the outside and a really dark place on the inside." I mean, let's let the Chili Peppers do that."
Promotion and touring
To support the album, Mr. Bungle embarked on a large scale tour covering North America, Europe and Australia. They also notably appeared on the 2000 edition of the SnoCore Tour, performing alongside alternative metal acts whom they had influenced, such as Incubus and System of a Down. According to Dunn, Mr. Bungle were "completely out of place" on the SnoCore Tour. He remarked "We were sort of the grandpas of the tour, so we started really messing with the audiences. We dressed up like the Village People and acted super gay which really pissed off the metal kids." Guitarist Trey Spruance reflected on the SnoCore tour in 2002, recalling "some of us were going, 'Well … I guess … this’ll be an … adventure?' And that was the whole spirit we went into it with. You know, there’s this thing of, 'Yeah, man, we’ll reach all these other people! We can expand the audience!' I didn’t fucking believe that for a second. That kind of logic—it doesn’t get you anywhere; it doesn’t work. It’s a recipe for failure and disaster." When asked about the hostile audiences the band were subject to during the SnoCore shows, Spruance said, "those can be just magic moments. That’s definitely when Mike is at his best." Dunn recalls at one Snocore show in Myrtle Beach, the crowd were so angry towards Mr. Bungle that he thought they "might actually kill us." At the Myrtle Beach show, Mike Patton simulated giving his microphone a blow-job in an attempt to trigger the crowd, which angered them so much that they started throwing coins and other objects at his band.
Red Hot Chili Peppers conflict
A controversy with Anthony Kiedis/Red Hot Chili Peppers developed during the album's release. It was scheduled to be released on June 8, 1999, but Warner Bros. Records pushed it back so as not to coincide with the Red Hot Chili Peppers similarly titled album, Californication, which was to be released on the same day. Following the album release date conflict, Red Hot Chili Peppers vocalist Anthony Kiedis had Mr. Bungle removed from a series of summer festivals in Europe. As a major headlining act at the festivals, Kiedis and his band had a say in which bands could appear. The reasoning behind his actions have never been explained, although he had been involved in a public dispute with Mike Patton and his former band Faith No More a decade prior, where he accused Patton of stealing his style. According to Mr. Bungle themselves, Kiedis didn't know anyone involved with the band, aside from Mike Patton. Patton himself stated, "the rest of the band doesn't care. It's something to do with Anthony."
As a result of the concert removals, Mr. Bungle parodied the Red Hot Chili Peppers on Halloween 1999, in Pontiac, Michigan (the home state of Kiedis). Patton introduced each Mr. Bungle band member with the name of one of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, before covering the songs "Give It Away", "Around the World", "Under the Bridge" and "Scar Tissue", with Patton deliberately using incorrect lyrics, such as "Sometimes I feel like I'm on heroin" and "Sometimes I feel like a fucking junkie" on "Under the Bridge". Patton impersonated Kiedis by wearing a blonde wig and speaking with a lisp. While pretending to be Kiedis, he mockingly said to the crowd: "Don't you call me Mike, my name is Anthony. How dare you make that mistake. Mike has been ripping me off for many years." The other members of Mr. Bungle also satirized many of the mannerisms of the band, mocking heroin injections, deceased guitarist Hillel Slovak, deceased friend River Phoenix and their on-stage antics. In between one of the songs, Dunn (dressed as Flea) walked up to Spruance (dressed as the ghost of Hilel Slovak) and simulated injecting him with heroin. Patton interrupted this by shouting "You can't shoot up a ghost".
Regarding the Halloween show, Trey Spruance said, "It was pretty weird, having been fans of the first two RHCP albums, realizing that somehow something personal had gone amiss somewhere. So amiss that a decade and a half after we’d liked this now hugely popular band’s music (and hadn't thought much about since), we'd be dealing with the fact that they were unmistakably trying to bury us. Why keep quiet? I remember drawing everybody’s tattoos. James Rotundi our touring keyboardist knew the band's more recent music, and he's a great guitarist, so he did those duties." Dunn reflected "We had a member of the tour crew buy the most recent album of them (Californication) and then we proceeded to learn it in the back of the stage before the show. It wasn't hard. The hardest part was copying his tattoos with a permanent marker. I remember it was very funny to ridicule them without thinking about whether they would be aware or not. We were pretty pissed off for all the financial and personal damage that they caused to us based on their egos and freaks of power. We should probably have sued them."
Kiedis responded to the Halloween parody by having Mr. Bungle removed from the 2000 Big Day Out festival in Australia and New Zealand. He said of the festival shows, “I would not have given two fucks if they played there with us. But after I heard about [the] Halloween show where they mocked us, fuck him and fuck the whole band.” Patton went on to claim that Kiedis' actions had "ruined" Mr. Bungle's career, while Trevor Dunn remarked, "It really screwed us up. It screwed up my life in a personal way." The band officially split in 2004, although they had not been active since playing their final concert on September 9, 2000 in Nottingham, England.[better source needed]
On his personal website, Dunn later wrote, "Everything you've ever heard about the Red Hot Chile Poppers [sic] screwing us is true. I'm not sure why they did it other than a non-singer's jealousy. They kept us off of festivals in Europe, Big Day Out in Australia and they had the release date of our record postponed while they released Californication. Ultimately they screwed ME out of a lot of money for which I will forever harbor anger. The best part is they had full support from their record label."
On previous tours, Mr. Bungle were known for their characteristically unconventional stage shows, where the band members would dress up in costumes and masks. The 1999-2000 shows in support of California usually featured Dunn dressed as a blonde girl resembling Goldilocks or The St. Pauli Girl, although for the other members this period was largely devoid of masks and outfits due to the increased demands of the music.
As with the previous "Disco Volante Tour", songs from the group's self-titled debut and independent demos were largely absent, with the exceptions of "Quote Unquote", "My Ass Is on Fire" (reworked with electronic elements), and several of the band's early independent death metal songs, which were featured as part of a medley along with the Disco Volante song "Merry Go Bye Bye".
Critical reception and legacy
California was well received by critics. A positive review came from Pitchfork, who called it "one of those albums that you can't believe a major label had anything to do with", writing, "the more I listen to California, the more I'm convinced that Mike Patton is really the devil on holiday." Steve Huey of AllMusic similarly remarked that the album "[will] make you marvel at the fact that such a defiantly odd, uncommercial band recorded for Warner Bros." In 2017, Canadian site Exclaim! cited it as an essential album in Mike Patton's career discography, claiming "California maintained the strange stylings that Mr. Bungle fans had come to love by that point, but remains beautiful and melodic to this day."
Experimental artist Igorrr was greatly influenced by the album, especially by its track "Ars Moriendi". The 2005 single "Unretrofied" (from the album Miss Machine) by The Dillinger Escape Plan, who toured with Mr. Bungle in 1999, was inspired by the feelings that the music video for "Retrovertigo" evoked in guitarist Ben Weinman after watching it every night. On June 30, 2017, the metal band Avenged Sevenfold released a studio cover of "Retrovertigo".
|1999||Rolling Stone||Germany||"Albums of the Year"||15|
All lyrics are written by Mike Patton, except where noted.
|2.||"None of Them Knew They Were Robots"||Trey Spruance||Spruance, Patton, Danny Heifetz||6:03|
|4.||"The Air-Conditioned Nightmare"||Patton, Clinton "Bär" McKinnon||3:55|
|6.||"Pink Cigarette"||Spruance, Patton||4:55|
|7.||"Golem II: The Bionic Vapour Boy"||Spruance||Spruance||3:34|
|8.||"The Holy Filament"||Dunn||Dunn||4:04|
|9.||"Vanity Fair"||Dunn, Patton||2:58|
|10.||"Goodbye Sober Day"||Patton, McKinnon||4:29|
- Trevor Dunn – bass guitar, artwork concept and production
- Danny Heifetz – percussion, drums, keyboards and production
- Clinton "Bär" McKinnon – saxophone, keyboards, French horn and production
- Mike Patton – vocals, keyboards, artwork concept and production
- Trey Spruance – guitar, engineering, production strategy and production
- Bill Banovetz – English horn
- Sam Bass – cello
- Ben Barnes – violin and viola
- Henri Ducharme – accordion
- Timba Harris – trumpet
- Marika Hughes – cello
- Eyvind Kang – violin, viola
- Carla Kihlstedt – violin and viola
- Michael Peloquin – harmonica
- David Phillips – pedal steel guitar
- Larry Ragent – French horn
- Jay Stebley – cymbalom
- Aaron Seeman – piano
- William Winant – timpani, mallets, tam tam and bass drum
- Billy Anderson – engineering
- Gibbs Chapman – mixing
- Ryan Cooper – publicity
- Elizabeth Gregory – legal representation
- Josh Heller – engineering
- Malcom Hillier – sleeve photography
- George Horn – mastering
- Adam Muñoz – engineering, mixing and editing
- Mackie Osborne – sleeve layout and graphic design
- Justin Phelps – engineering
- Rob Worthington – mixing
- Huey, Steve. "California - Mr. Bungle : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Press Kit for Mr. Bungle's California Warner Bros. Records, 1999
- "TREY SPRUANCE 'CALIFORNIA' 20TH ANNIVERSARY INTERVIEW". Faith No More Followers. July 17, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- "CALIFORNIA". www.trevordunn.net. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
- Followers, Faith No More (July 13, 2020). "Mr. Bungle 'California' Was Released 21 Years Ago!". FNM Followers. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- "MR. BUNGLE - Trevor Dunn talks about the making of 'California'". www.faithnomorefollowers.com. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 1999". An Aussie Music Fan. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 2000". An Aussie Music Fan. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Fear Factory, Kittie, Frog Brigade Set For SnoCore Tours". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Tomahawk's Trevor Dunn on Oddfellows, Mike Patton, and His Favorite Moment Touring with Mr. Bungle". March 3, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Spruance, Interview: Trey; said, Pt 1 | That Was Then/This Is Yesterday; October 23, on; PM, 2014 at 12:22 (October 23, 2014). "Interview: Trey Spruance (April 2002), Pt. 2". Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "Mr Bungle - California". Trevor Dunn. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
- Kangas, Chaz (April 21, 2015). "Do Faith No More and the Red Hot Chili Peppers Still Hate Each Other?". Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- "Mr. Bungle Frequently Asked Questions". www.bunglefever.com. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Canak, Danny (July 2, 2003). "Bungle No More? Mike Patton Interview". Absolut Metal. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- "Mr. Bungle Radio Interview with WQFS, Greensboro, NC". Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "FAITH NO MORE VS RED HOT CHILI PEPPERS". faithnomorefollowers.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Mr. Bungle - Clutch Cargo's, Pontiac, MI, USA (1999)
- "TREY SPRUANCE HALLOWEEN INTERVIEW". Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "A series of interviews about Mr. Bungle's 'California' PART 2". Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- Penny L (2001). "Mike Patton (Fantômas) on Anthony Kiedis". Retrieved January 23, 2017 – via YouTube.
- "Mr. Bungle Concert Setlists".
- "Mr. Bungle Beats Queen; Neil Young Under the Stars - Manhattan, New York, NY - News". nypress.com. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Gadino, Dylan. "Leap from Faith: Mike Patton Strikes Again with Mr. Bungle". Rockpile. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Alternative Press: 93. August 1999. Missing or empty
- "NME Album Reviews - California". nme.com. December 7, 1999. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Mirov, Nick. "Mr. Bungle: California: Pitchfork Review". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on January 29, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Norris, Chris (November 1999). "Primus - AntiPop / Mr. Bungle - California". Spin. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- "An Essential Guide to Faith No More, Mr. Bungle and the World of Mike Patton". exclaim.ca. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- Gricourt, Nicolas (March 30, 2020). "Igorrr : laboratoire d'émotions". Radiometal.com (in French) (published April 24, 2020). Archived from the original on April 28, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
- Mazzeo, Adriano (July 11, 2019). "Mr. Bungle, rock alternativo experimental (Primera parte)". Mondo Sonoro (in Spanish). Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "AVENGED SEVENFOLD Releases Cover Of MR. BUNGLE's 'Retrovertigo'". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. June 30, 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2020.